Presentación del tema: "Unit 7: All About People Henry VIII Oscar Wilde William Shakespeare."— Transcripción de la presentación:
Unit 7: All About People Henry VIII Oscar Wilde William Shakespeare
Objetivos: Past tense: to be There was/ There were: expression of quantity in the past. Talking about past events.
Past tense: to be AFFIRMATIVENEGATIVEINTERROGATIVE I was You were He was She was It was We were You were They were I was not/wasnt You were not/werent He was not/wasnt She was not/wasnt It was not/wasnt We were not/werent You were not/werent They were not/werent Was I? Were you? Was he? Was she? Was it? Were we? Were you? Were they? SHORT ANSWERS Yes, I was. No, I wasnt. SHORT ANSWERS Yes, I was. No, I wasnt.
La forma del pasado de to be se traduce como Yo era/estaba. En afirmativa usamos la forma was para las personas I, he, she, it, mientras que se usa were para you, we, they. I was happy yesterday. Everybody was at the party. My friends were in the park.
En negativa, añadimos not a las formas verbales, que se pueden contraer en wasnt y werent. Susan and Paul werent hungry. It wasnt a sunny day yesterday.
En interrogativa alteramos el orden entre el sujeto y el verbo y situamos was y were al principio de la frase. Para las respuestas cortas usamos el pronombre sujeto al que nos refiramos (I, you, they, etc.) y la forma was/were/wasnt o werent. Were your parents at the cinema last Sunday? No, they werent. Was your mother at work yesterday? Yes, she was.
(+) Subject + was/were + complements I was in New York. The oranges were in the fridge. (-) Subject + wasnt/werent + complements My cousins werent tired after the game. She wasnt at home. (?) [Wh-item] Was/Were + subject + complements? Was your car blue? No, it wasnt. Why were you and your friends at the park?
AFFIRMATIVENEGATIVEINTERROGATIVE There was a pencil. There were some boys. There wasnt a pencil. There werent any boys. Was there a pencil? Was there any juice? Were there any books? SHORT ANSWERS Yes, there was. No, there werent.
There was / There were son las formas de pasado de there is /there are. En este caso se traducen por había, hubo. Como vemos en inglés hay dos formas: una para singular, y otra para plural. Recuerda que en español sólo se usa el verbo haber en singular. - There was se usa para expresar que había una cosa, persona, animal, ya sea un sustantivo contable o incontable. There was a pencil under the desk.There was some milk in the fridge. - There were en cambio se usa para hablar de que había dos o más cosas, personas, etc. En esta caso sólo podremos utilizar sustantivos contables. There were many people at the concert.There were four bags in the class.
Para construir la forma negativa añadimos not que junto a was/were se contrae en wasnt / werent. There werent any classes last week.There wasnt any food. Las preguntas empiezan con was / were, es decir, se invierte el orden. Los wh-items irán siempre al principio de la pregunta. Las respuestas cortas vuelven al orden normal y si son negativas usaremos las formas contraídas. Was there a party last night?Was there any sugar? Were there any books in the bag?
WORD ORDER: Adjectives El orden de las palabras no es igual en inglés que en castellano, ya que en inglés los adjetivos se suelen colocar delante de los sustantivos. Aunque también van detrás del verbo to be. The black cat was near the old house. There was an enormous shark at the aquarium. The house was enchanted.