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Indirect Object Pronouns

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Presentación del tema: "Indirect Object Pronouns"— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Indirect Object Pronouns
Los pronombres de objeto indirecto

2 We’ve seen three types of pronouns so far:
Subject: yo, tú, él… Reflexive: me, te, se… Direct object: me, te, lo, la… In this slide show, we are going to look at one more type: indirect objects.

3 What’s an indirect object?
Complete these sentences: Ms. Gallegos gave ___ a high five. Bill Gates sent ___ a million dollars. My parents bought ___ a Rolls Royce. Julia told ___ the meaning of life.

4 So tell me the answer! Did you say something like?....
Ms. Gallegos gave you a high five. Bill Gates sent me a million dollars. My parents bought my little sister a Rolls Royce. Julia told the class the meaning of life.

5 Indirect objects What goes into those blanks is the indirect object. The indirect objects in these sentences are the people who received something: you, me, your mom, your best friend, your best friend’s aunt’s mother, everyone!

6 Indirect objects Indirect objects answer the question “To whom?” or “For whom?” and are used when you mean “to” or “for” someone or something. For example: I delivered the mail. (To whom?) I delivered the mail to my neighbor. I did the favor. (For whom?) I did the favor for my little sister.

7 Some common verbs IOP’s are often used with certain verbs. Now, fill out the chart! Dar – to give Enviar / Mandar – to send Comprar – to buy Decir – to tell Regalar – to give a gift

8 Some common verbs Escribir – to write Enseñar – to teach
Leer – to read Pagar – to pay Traer / Llevar – to bring

9 Some common verbs Mostrar – to show Escuchar – to listen
Prestar – to borrow Presentar – to present / introduce

10 What are the forms? The “indirect objects” are… me > me te > you
le > him, her, “Ud.” nos > us les > them, “Uds.” You already learned these pronouns! They are used w/ gustar and gustar-like constructions…. fascinar, interesar, molestar, etc.

11 You will notice… …that unlike direct object pronouns, the indirect objects le and les are both masculine and feminine. Sometimes, to make clearer to whom they are referring, they are accompanied by a phrase that clarifies them. (e.g. Le hablo a Juan. Le hablo a Paquita.)

12 ¡Vamos a practicar! Complete each sentence with an appropriate indirect object pronoun. The recipient for each sentence is provided. Remember to place all objects before a one-word verb form.

13 ¿Lo sabes? [Recipient: me] Mis padres ___ enviaron $100 para comprar un vestido nuevo. Mis padres me enviaron $100 para comprar un vestido nuevo.

14 Otro, por favor. [Recipient: you] ¿ ___ enviaron tus padres dinero también? ¿ Te enviaron tus padres dinero también?

15 Muy bien. [Recipient: her] Diego ___ compró un anillo (ring) a Luisa.
Diego le compró un anillo (ring) a Luisa.

16 ¿Me das otro? [Recipient: us] El profesor de cálculo ___ da mucha tarea. El profesor de cálculo nos da mucha tarea.

In all of the examples, there are two objects. That is, someone is giving something to someone. The something, or object given, is the __________ and the someone, or recipient of the action, is the ___________. DOP, IOP

18 Say what??? We can use both direct and indirect objects in the same sentence. …¡por supuesto!

19 Double Object Pronouns
“Tengo que comprar un libro para la clase de historia, pero no tengo dinero. Mis padres me lo van a enviar por Western Union.” IOP (Recipient): ____________ Recipient: me DOP (Thing rec’d.): ____________ Thing received: lo (el dinero)

20 I do! Mis padres me lo van a enviar por Western Union.
Note that the indirect object precedes the direct object. Think “indirect, direct object”: I DO!

21 L + L = S + L No, this is not hardcore math! There is a special rule about double object pronouns that you will need to know: if a sentence has two objects that both start with L, the first one changes to SE.

22 Por ejemplo... “Yo envié una carta a mi hermano.”
You could say “Yo le envié una carta.” (I sent him a letter.) Or you could say “Yo la envié a mi hermano.” (I sent it to my brother.) Or you could also say “Se la envié.” (I sent it to him.)  Note how the “le” changes to “se.” You cannot say “le la envié” because both objects starts with an “L” and that just sounds bad.

23 ¡Practiquemos! La directora dio un mensaje a la secretaria.
La directora se lo dio. IOP = se (la secretaria) DOP = lo (el mensaje)

24 ¡Otro, por favor! Carmen envió dinero a su hija. Carmen ___ ___ envió.
Carmen se lo envió. IOP = se (su hija) DOP = lo (el dinero)

25 Uno más y acabamos. Mis padres regalaron unos cheques a mi hermana.
Mis padres se los regalaron. IOP = se (mi hermana) DOP = los (unos cheques)

26 ¡Ya está! To summarize, here are the four forms you will need for Spanish: Subject Reflexive DOP IOP yo me me me tú te te te Él/ella/Ud se lo, la le Nosotros nos nos nos Vosotos os os os Ellos/ellas/Uds se los, las les, *se

27 ¡Más práctica! Completen la actividad 3 (p. 14) y actividad 6 (p. 15).

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