Reglas Some verbs can have a direct object and an indirect object Always use an IDOP when there is an indirect object La mesera nos trajo (a Juan y a mí) el pollo asado.
¡Vamos a practicar! [Recipient: you] ¿ ___ enviaron tus padres dinero también? ¿ Te enviaron tus padres dinero también? What if there is more than one of you ? ¿ Les enviaron sus padres dinero también? Use the Uds. form!
Double trouble. In all of the examples, there are two objects. That is, someone is giving something to someone. The something is the direct object and the someone (the recipient) is the indirect object).
Say what? Look at the examples and identify the objects: The teacher gave you an A. – Recipient: you – Thing received: an A Bill Gates sent me a million dollars. – Recipient: me – Thing received: a million dollars My parents bought my little sister a used car. – Recipient: my little sister – Thing received: a used car
As with all object pronouns, double object pronouns are placed before a conjugated verb, and the indirect object pronoun (IOP) Spanish direct and indirect object pronouns may be used together in the same sentence just as in English. As with most all pronoun use, the objective is to reduce the length, complexity, or redundancy of the language. Julián, ¿me traes la película? Julián, will you bring me the movie? Te la traigo en un momento. Ill bring it to you in a moment. IOP DOP precedes the direct object pronoun (DOP).
Double objects We can simplify each sentence if we already know what the objects refer to. Look at this passage: My little sister got a new apartment across town, but there is no bus service. She saw a used car she liked a lot, but she didnt have a lot of money. My parents bought it for her.
Lets take a closer look: My parents bought it for her. The expression in red is the indirect object (the recipient) and the word in yellow is the direct object. Both are pronouns.
What about in Spanish? We can do the same thing in Spanish: Tengo que comprar un libro para la clase de historia, pero no tengo dinero. Mis padres me lo van a enviar por Western Union. – Recipient: me – Thing received: lo (el dinero)
el balón.tiraste Yo teel balón.tirélo. Tú melo. Yoel balón.tirélo. le se You cant le lo in Spanish! Le and les must change to se before lo, la, los or las. I threw the ball to you. You threw the ball to me. I threw the ball to him. I threw it to you. You threw it to me. I threw it to him. se lo, se la, se los, se las The context of the situation or the previous statement or question will clarify the meaning of se. Notice the following slide.
L + L = S + L No, its not algebra class! There is a special rule about double object pronouns that you will need to know: if a sentence has two objects that both start with L, the first one changes to SE.
¿Le prestas el dinero a Lupita? Will you lend Lupita the money? No, no se lo presto. Es mucho dinero. No, I wont lend it to her. Its a lot of money. se lo, se la, se los, se las Queremos comprarles los juguetes a los niños, ¿no? We want to buy the toys for the children, right? Sí, vamos a comprárselos mañana. Yes, well buy them for them tomorrow.
I do! Mis padres me lo van a enviar por Western Union. Note that the indirect object precedes the direct object. Think indirect, direct object: I DO.
The combinations of object pronouns in Spanish are as follows: me lo, me la me los, me las te lo, te la te los, te las se lo, se la se los, se las nos lo, nos la nos los, nos las os lo, os la os los, os las se lo, se la se los, se las
Reglas When using DOPs and IDOPs, the order is… IDOP + DOP…always Remember I DO or…. 123 IDV 2 Ls = 1 st changes to SE ¿Le dejaste la propina a la mesera? Sí, ya se la dejé.
Práctica She asked her for them. (strawberries). Ella se las pidió. We served you it. (steak with onions). Nosotros te lo servimos. I recommend them to you all. (tea and flan). Yo se los recomiendo.
¡Ya está! To summarize, here are the four forms you will need: SubjectReflexiveDirect objectIndirect object yomememe tútetete élselole ellaselale Ud.selo, lale nosotrosnosnosnos ellosselosles ellasselasles