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Verbos irregulares. Vowel-alternating verbs, also known as stem- changing verbs, have two stems; one is the common infinitive stem (the one that serves.

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Presentación del tema: "Verbos irregulares. Vowel-alternating verbs, also known as stem- changing verbs, have two stems; one is the common infinitive stem (the one that serves."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Verbos irregulares

2 Vowel-alternating verbs, also known as stem- changing verbs, have two stems; one is the common infinitive stem (the one that serves to conjugate regular verbs) and the other derives from it by a vowel change. Vowel-alternating verbs, also known as stem- changing verbs, have two stems; one is the common infinitive stem (the one that serves to conjugate regular verbs) and the other derives from it by a vowel change. The change turns e into ie and o into ue when the syllable in question is stressed, which in effect happens only in the singular persons and third-person plural of the present indicative, present subjunctive, and present imperative. Another form turns e into i. The change turns e into ie and o into ue when the syllable in question is stressed, which in effect happens only in the singular persons and third-person plural of the present indicative, present subjunctive, and present imperative. Another form turns e into i.

3 O UE Volver = to return (from someplace) ue ue Yo vuelvonosotros volvemos Tú vuelvesvosotros volvéis Él/ella/Ud.ellos/ellas/Uds Vuelvevuelven

4 O UE Dormir= to sleep ue ue Yo duermonosotros dormimos Tú duermesvosotros dormís Él/ella/Ud.ellos/ellas/Uds. Duermeduermen

5 Otros verbos almorzar to eat lunch almorzar to eat lunch morir to die morir to die aprobar to approve aprobar to approve mostrar to show mostrar to show colgar to hang colgar to hang mover to move (an object) mover to move (an object) contar to count, to tell contar to count, to tell probar to prove, test, sample, taste probar to prove, test, sample, taste costar to cost costar to cost recordar to remember recordar to remember devolver to return (an object) resolver to solve rogar to beg, pray sonar to sound, ring encontrar to find soñar (con) to dream (about) envolver to wrap morder to bite volar to fly

6 e ie Entender= to understand ie ie Yo entiendonosotros entendemos Tú entiendesvosotros entendéis Él/ella/Ud.ellos/ellas/Uds. Entiendeentienden

7 e ie Mentir= to lie ie ie Yo mientonosotros mentimos Tú mientesvosotros mentís Él/ella/Ud.ellos/ellas/Uds. Mientemienten

8 More than one irregularity Tener= to have Yo tengonosotros tenemos Tú tienesvosotros tenéis Él/ella/Ud.ellos/ellas/Uds. Tienetienen

9 Otros verbos acertar to guess, get right acertar to guess, get right encender to light, kindle encender to light, kindle advertir to advise, warn advertir to advise, warn cerrar to close, shut cerrar to close, shut fregar to scrub, wash dishes fregar to scrub, wash dishes comenzar to begin comenzar to begin hervir to boil hervir to boil confesar to confess confesar to confess consentir to consent negar to deny convertir to convert pensar (en) to think about defender to defend perder to lose empezar to begin preferir to prefer

10 e i Pedir= to ask for to order i Yo pidonosotros pedimos Tú pidesvosotros pedís Él/ella/Ud.ellos/ellas/Uds. PidePiden

11 e i More than one irregularity Decir= to say/tell Yo digonosotros decimos Tú dicesvosotros decís Él/ella/Ud.Ellos/ellas/Uds. Dicedicen

12 Otros ejemplos bendecir (*) to bless bendecir (*) to bless impedir to impede impedir to impede colegir to deduce colegir to deduce maldecir (*) to curse maldecir (*) to curse competir to compete competir to compete medir to measure medir to measure conseguir to get, obtain conseguir to get, obtain corregir to correct corregir to correct perseguir to pursue, to persecute perseguir to pursue, to persecute reír to laugh despedir to dismiss, fire repetir to repeat elegir to elect seguir to follow, continue freír to fry servir to serve gemir to groan, moan sonreír to smile * like decir is irregular in yo form

13 El red mue.htm mue.htm mue.htm mue.htm mie.htm mie.htm mie.htm mie.htm mi.htm mi.htm mi.htm mi.htm


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