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S TEM - CHANGING VERBS E-IE O-UE E-I. W HAT IS A STEM ? First, lets find out what a verb stem is!

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Presentación del tema: "S TEM - CHANGING VERBS E-IE O-UE E-I. W HAT IS A STEM ? First, lets find out what a verb stem is!"— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 S TEM - CHANGING VERBS E-IE O-UE E-I

2 W HAT IS A STEM ? First, lets find out what a verb stem is!

3 W HAT IS A VERB STEM ??? The stem of a verb is the portion remaining after removing the –ar, -er or –ir For example The stem of empezar is EMPEZ The stem of preferir is PREFER

4 Many verbs in Spanish have changes in their stem when conjugated in the present tense. There are three types boot verbs. They are called stem changing verbs. Also called boot verbs, because the stem change does NOT occur in the nosotros and vosotros forms, creating the shape of a boot.

5 E - IE STEM CHANGING VERBS Type 1

6 W HICH VERBS HAVE E - IE STEM CHANGES ? Lets look at a list of some verbs that have e-ie stem changes!

7 S TEM -C HANGING V ERBS ( E - IE ) empezar querer preferir pensar divertirse despertarse sentirse mentir cerrar comenzar entender to begin to want to prefer to think, plan to have fun to wake up to feel to lie to close to begin to understand The e in the stem will change to ie when the verb is conjugated, but NOT in the nosotros and vosotros forms.

8 H OW DO WE CONJUGATE E-IE STEM CHANGING VERBS ? Lets see some examples!

9 QUERER ( E - IE ) – TO WANT Quiero I want Quieres You want Quiere He/She wants You Want (formal) Queremos We want Queréis You all want ie Quieren They want You all want (formal)

10 P ERDER ( E - IE ) – TO LOSE ie pierdo ie pierdes ie pierde perdemos perdéis ie pierden

11 C ERRAR ( E - IE ) – TO CLOSE cierro cierras cierra cerramos cerráis cie cierran

12 N OW YOU TRY IT ! Conjuguemos…..

13 P RACTICAMOS 1. Tú… empiezas 2. Mis amigos y yo… empezamos 3. Miguel y Elena… empiezan 4. Tú y Susana… (informal) empezáis 5. Yo… empiezo 6. Paco… empieza Empezar = to begin

14 P ENSAR – TO PLAN, TO THINK 1. Mis padres y yo… pensamos 2. Yo… pienso 3. Ellos… piensan 4. Tú… piensas 5. Ana… piensa 6. Vosotros… pensáis P RACTICAMOS

15 Q UERER – TO WANT 1. Rafa, Miguel, Jose y yo… queremos 2. Tú y tus amigos… queréis 3. Las chicas… quieren 4. Tú… quieres 5. Yo… quiero 6. Usted… quiere P RACTICAMOS

16 P REFERIR = TO PREFER 1. Tú y Paco… preferís 2. Mis amigos, tus padres y yo… preferimos 3. Yo… prefiero 4. Los estudiantes… prefieren 5. Tú… prefieres 6. Rafael… prefiere P RACTICAMOS

17 ¡ B u e n T r a b a j o ! ¡ F a n t á s t i c o !

18 O - UE S TEM CHANGING VERBS Type 2

19 W HICH VERBS HAVE O - UE STEM CHANGES ? Lets look at a list of some verbs that have o-ue stem changes!

20 S TEM -C HANGING V ERBS ( O - UE ) jugar (u - ue) contar costar encontrar recordar volar dormir volver devolver acostarse almorzar to play to count, tell a story to cost to find, meet to remember to fly to sleep to return to return something to go to bed to eat lunch The o in the stem will change to ue when the verb is conjugated, but NOT in the nosotros and vosotros forms.

21 H OW DO WE CONJUGATE O-UE STEM CHANGING VERBS ? Lets see some examples!

22 PODER ( O - UE ) – TO BE ABLE TO, CAN ue puedo ue puedes ue puede podemos podéis ue pueden

23 N OW YOU TRY IT ! Conjuguemos…..

24 S TEM CHANGING VERBS O - UE 1. I eat lunch 2. They eat lunch 3. You eat lunch 4. They find 5. We find 6. I sleep 7. You sleep 8. They sleep 1. Almuerzo 2. Almuerzan 3. Almuerzas 4. Encuentran 5. Encontramos 6. Duermo 7. Duermes 8. Duermen P RACTICAMOS

25 ¡ S i m p á t i c o ! ¡ F a n t á s t i c o !

26 E- I S TEM CHANGING VERBS Type 3

27 W HICH VERBS HAVE E - I STEM CHANGES ? Lets look at a list of some verbs that have e-i stem changes!

28 S TEM -C HANGING V ERBS ( E - I ) servir repetir reír sonreír seguir vestirse to serve to repeat to laugh to smile to follow, continue to dress The e in the stem will change to i when the verb is conjugated, but NOT in the nosotros and vosotros forms.

29 H OW DO WE CONJUGATE E-I STEM CHANGING VERBS ? Lets see an example!

30 PEDIR ( E - I ) – TO ASK FOR, TO ORDER i pido i pides i pide pedimos pedís i piden

31 S TEM CHANGING VERBS E - I 1. I order 2. You order 3. We order 4. You all order (inf) 5. They serve 6. He serves 7. We serve 8. They serve 1. Pido 2. Pides 3. Pedimos 4. Pedís 5. Sirven 6. Sirve 7. Servimos 8. Sirven P RACTICAMOS

32 1. I can 2. I eat lunch 3. You repeat 4. Marta sleeps 5. They follow 6. You find 1. Puedo 2. Almuerzo 3. Repites 4. Duerme 5. Siguen 6. Encuentras P RACTICAMOS T ODOS

33 1.Miguel can 2.We return 3.You prefer 4.I want 5.It costs 6.They cost 7.He returns 8.We understand 1.Puede 2.Volvemos 3.Prefieres 4.Quiero 5.Cuesta 6.Cuestan 7.Vuelve 8.Entendemos P RACTICAMOS T ODOS

34 1. Ana serves 2. You and I serve 3. Your friends can 4. I understand 5. My parents find 6. You and Ana eat lunch 7. They want 8. My friends and I sleep 9. The waiter orders 1. Sirve 2. Servimos 3. Pueden 4. Entiendo 5. Encuentran 6. Almorzáis 7. Quieren 8. Dormimos 9. Pide P RACTICAMOS T ODOS

35 quiero quieres quieren quiere queremos sigo entiendo comienza vuelves siguen juego cierras pierdes cuesta comenzamos cuestan compiten sirvo piensas entiende perdimos dormís prefiero juega corremos entendéis You want I close We want You understand duerme prueban I compete juegas almorzamos He tries You all can (inf) encuentra recomiendan cierro almuerzas pensáis Pensamos encuentro pide siguen Competimos

36 E L F IN ¡ B i e n H e c h o ! ¡ F a n t á s t i c o !


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