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8.1 Preterite of stem-changing verbs ANTE TODO As you learned in Lección 6, –ar and –er stem- changing verbs in the present have no stem change in the.

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Presentación del tema: "8.1 Preterite of stem-changing verbs ANTE TODO As you learned in Lección 6, –ar and –er stem- changing verbs in the present have no stem change in the."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 8.1 Preterite of stem-changing verbs ANTE TODO As you learned in Lección 6, –ar and –er stem- changing verbs in the present have no stem change in the preterite. The –ir stem-changing verbs in the present however, do have a stem change. Study the charts in the next slide and observe where the stem changes occur. These verbs are sometimes referred to as Slipper Verbs (preterite), as opposed to Boot Verbs (present). They take regular –ir preterite endings.

2 8.1 Preterite of stem-changing verbs servir (to serve) dormir (to sleep) SINGULAR FORMS yo servídormí tú servistedormiste Ud. / él / ella sirviódurmió PLURAL FORMS nosotros/as servimosdormimos vosotros/as servisteisdormisteis Uds. / ellos / ellas sirvierondurmieron

3 8.1 Preterite of stem-changing verbs Stem-changing –ir verbs, in the preterite only, have a stem change in the third-person singular and plural forms. The stem change consists of either e to i or o to u, and occurs in the vowel closest to the ending. (preferir) (e i) pedir : pidió, pidieron (o u) morir (to die) : murió, murieron

4 8.1 Preterite of stem-changing verbs Preferir: (eie present) (ei preterite) BOOTSLIPPER PrefieroPreferimosPreferíPreferimos PrefieresPreferísPreferistePreferisteis PrefierePrefierenPrefirió Prefirieron

5 8.1 Preterite of stem-changing verbs Some common –ir stem changing verbs in the preterite are: (* means reflexive) (e i) (o u) servir (to serve)dormir (to sleep) pedir (to ask for, to order) dormirse (to go/ fall sleep)* repetir (to repeat)morir (to die) seguir (to follow) conseguir (to obtain) preferir (to prefer) sentirse (to feel) despedirse (to say goodbye) vestirse (to get dressed)

6 8.1 Preterite of stem-changing verbs When a verb is reflexive, you must include the reflexive pronoun before the conjugated verb. vestirse me vestínos vestimos te vestisteos vestisteis se vistióse vistieron

7 8.1 Preterite of stem-changing verbs ¡INTÉNTALO! Cambia los infinitivos al pretérito. 1.Yo ____. (servir, dormir, pedir, preferir, repetir, seguir) 2. Usted ____. (morir, conseguir, pedir, sentirse, despedirse, vestirse) 3. Tú ____. (conseguir, servir, morir, pedir, dormir, repetir) 4. Ellas ____.(repetir, dormir, seguir, preferir, morir, servir) 5. Nosotros ____. (seguir, preferir, servir, vestirse, despedirse, dormirse) 6. Ustedes ____. (sentirse, vestirse, conseguir, pedir, despedirse, dormirse) 7. Él ____. (dormir, morir, preferir, repetir, seguir, pedir)

8 8.1 Preterite of stem-changing verbs ¡Salieron muy bien!


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