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Viva. 1 st Page Contenido Ser & Subject Pronounspágina uno.

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Presentación del tema: "Viva. 1 st Page Contenido Ser & Subject Pronounspágina uno."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Viva

2 1 st Page Contenido Ser & Subject Pronounspágina uno

3 SingularPlural 1 st I am=Yo soyWe are= nosotros(as) somos 2 nd You are=tú eresYou all are=vosotros(as) sois 3 rd He is él She is ella es You are usted (Ud.) They are ellos, ellas You all are (f) ustedes (Uds.) son Ser = to be

4 Canción de ser Practicamos Traduzcan al español. 1.) I am tall. 2.) Are you intelligent? 3.) My friend is from Texas. 4.) We are students. 5.) They are pretty.

5 Los adjetivospágina dos Pon la hoja que dice Common Adjectives en la pagina dos. Copia las definiciones de el elmo.

6 Pon la hoja que dice Adjective Agreement detrás. ¡Practicamos! Escribe la frase y escribe el adjetivo en español. Ex. Stacey es (nice). Stacey es simpática. 1.) Las chicas son (funny). 2.) Meagan es (lazy). 3.) Matt es (interesting). 4.) Lindsay y Cara son (intellectual). 5.) Antonio y Virginia son (thin). 6.) Candice y Jasmine son (brown hair/skin). 7.) Los chicos son (hard-working). 8.) Byron y Carson son (impatient). 9.) Kaitlin es (reserved). 10.) Davis es (athletic).

7 Verbos comunes….página tres Pon la hoja que dice verbos comunes en la pàgina tres Copia las definiciones de el elmo.

8 Practicamos Escribe la frase y cambia (change) el verbo al español. 1.Me gusta (to write) cuentos. 2.Mis amigos les gusta (to run). 3.Will le gusta (to watch) deportes. 4.Las chicas les gusta (to laugh). 5.Me gusta (to drive) el carro. 6.Me gusta (to do) la tarea en la biblioteca. 7.Jaquisha y Ty les gusta (to sing). 8.¿Te gusta (to drink) agua? 9.Te gusta (to play) golf. 10.No me gusta (to swim).

9 Verbos regulares en el presente página cuatro A verb in its original form is called an infinitive. There are three infinitive (verb) endings in Spanish--ar, -er, and -ir. The stem of a verb is what is left after you take off the infinitive ending. Ex. Bailar-to dance stem=bail comer-to eat stem=com escribir-to write stem=escrib Conjugation is changing a verb to fit its subject. When you conjugate regular verbs in the present tense, take off the infinitive ending first.

10 Bailar -to dance SingularPlural Yo bailonosotros(as) bailamos Tú bailasVosotros (as) bailaís Él, ella, usted bailaellos,ellas,uds bailan

11 comer -to eat SingularPlural Yo comonosotros(as) comemos Tu comesVosotros (as) comeís Él, ella, usted comeellos,ellas,uds comen

12 escribir -to write SingularPlural Yo escribonosotros(as) escribimos Tú escribesVosotros (as) escribís Él, ella, usted escribeellos,ellas,uds escriben

13 ¡Practicamos! Escribe la forma correcta del verbo. 1.Cantar (yo) 2.Describir (Daniel) 3.Leer (Brandon y Eric) 4.Trabajar (tú) 5.Practicar (Ana y yo) 6. Dibujar (nosotros) 7. Correr (las chicas) 8. Caminar (tú y tus amigos) 9.Tocar (yo) 10. Copiar (ella) After I have checked your practice and you have received a sticker meaning all answers are correct; go to the laptop cart and pick up the computer assigned to you. The list is on top of the cart. Go to Click on Quia Web Use the UN and PW on your strip of paper.

14 Interrogativos y frecuencia…………página cinco

15 Interrogativos/Question Words *All question words have accents* Who? ¿Quién? What?¿Qué? When?¿Cuándo? Why?¿Por qué? (porque=because) Where?¿Dónde? To where?¿A dónde? From Where?¿De dónde? How? (What?)¿Cómo? How many?¿Cuántos?/¿Cuántas? How much?¿Cuánto?/¿Cuánta? Which? ¿Cuál?/¿Cuáles?

16 When asking a question in Spanish the order is as follows: Question word + verb+ subj Ex. ¿Dónde vives tú? Where do you live? ¿De dónde son ustedes? Where are yall from? ¿Quién es ella? Who is she?

17 Frecuencia/Words of Frequency Sometimesa veces Alwayssiempre Never nunca Everydaytodos los días On the weekend(s) el(los) fin(es) de semana Oftena menudo Beforeantes de After después de

18 Practicamos 1.) Write the name of a famous person that you would like to interview. 2.) Write five appropriate questions that you would like to ask that person in English using five different questions words. Use a frequency word in at least three questions. 3.) Translate your interrogative (question word) and your frequency word to Spanish. Ex. What is something you do often to relax? ¿Qué? a menudo

19 Vocabulario: La escuela……………….página seis Copia el vocabulario de la página catorce en el libro. Escribe todas palabras. Escribe el español. Sra Mayo voy a dar el inglés. Ex.: Las clasesclases El arteart Las ciencias naturalesscience We will also be adding other subjects!

20 Irregular yo verbs and tener…página siete

21 Irregular verbs have a conjugation pattern that is different from the usual pattern. Irregular yo verbs have an irregular conjugation in the yo form. The other forms (tú, él, nosotros,vosotros,ellos) follow regular conjugation for the most part.

22 Tener-to have SingularPlural Yo TengoNosotros Nosotras Tenemos Tú TienesVosotros Vosotras Tenéis Él, ella Usted Tiene Ellos, ellas Ustedes Tienen Use a form of tener + que + infinitive to say what one has to do. I have to wash dishes. Tengo que lavar los platos.

23 Poner to put/to set PongoPonemos PonesPonéis PonePonen Traerto bring TraigoTraemos Traestraéis Traetraen

24 iPracticamos! Contesta con frases completas. 1.) ¿Qué tienes que hacer en casa? 2.) ¿Qué traes a la escuela? 3.) ¿Pones la mesa cuando comes con la familia? 4.) ¿Dónde haces la tarea? 5.) ¿Tienes una computadora en casa?

25 ¿Qué haces en las clases?….página ocho Copia el vocabulario de la página cuarenta en el libro. (Dont copy the charts!)

26 Stem changing verbs….pàgina nueve The stem of a verb is what is left after you take off the infinitive ending. Stem changing verbs change in the stem when conjugated. Stem changing verbs change in all forms except nosotros and vosotros. They are known as Boot verbs because the stem changes in the boot shape.

27 1.) e ˃ ie Perder-to lose Querer-to want Empezar to start Entender-to understand Preferir-to want, prefer Pensar-to think e>ie EmpiezoEmpezamos Empiezasempezáis Empiezaempiezan

28 2.) o>ue Almorzar-to eat lunch Dormir-to sleep Jugar-to play Poder-to be able to Costar-to cost o>ue DuermoDormimos DuermesDormís Duermeduermen Jugar changes from u>ue.

29 3.)e>i Pedir-to ask for Servir-to serve Repetir-to repeat e>i PidoPidoPedimos PidesPedís PidePidePiden

30 ¡Practicamos! Copia y contesta las preguntas con frases completas. Ex. ¿Repites las palabras para aprender de memoria el vocabulario. Si, repito las palabras. 1.) ¿Entiendes el español? 2.) ¿En qué clase almuerzas? 3.) ¿Cuántas horas duermes? 4.) ¿Prefieres trabajar en grupo o individuo? 5.) ¿Quieres dar un discurso en español? 6.) ¿Pides ayuda cuando la necesitas?

31 Positive (+)Negative (-) Something-algoNothing-nada Someone-alguienNo one-nadie Any/some- algún (masc,sing)No/none/not any- Ningún (masc,sing) Alguna (fem,sing) Ninguna (fem, sing) Algunos (masc, plu) Ningunos(masc,plu) Algunas (fem,plu) Ningunas(fem, plu) Always-siempreNever-nunca Also/too-tambiénNeither/either-tampoco Affirmative & Negative Words…..página diez

32 I never ask for help. No pido ayuda nunca. or Nunca pido ayuda. I always ask for help. Pido ayuda siempre. I dont need any scissors. No necesito ningunas tijeras I want some supplies for the class. Quiero algunos materiales para la clase. Nadie almuerza conmigo. Nobody eats lunch with me. I dont know anybody at Cape Fear, No conozco a nadie en Cape Fear. You need a double (-) in Spanish unless the negative word starts the sentence.

33 ¡Practicamos! Copy and complete the sentences using your vocabulary words (you choose). Translate the sentence to Spanish. 1.) I have some __________________.(scissors, tape, books, etc) 2.) I always ________________.(arrive on time, arrive late, turn in work, etc.) 3.) I dont never __________________. (arrive on time, arrive late, turn in work, etc.) 4.) I dont need no _________________. (pencils, pens, paper, etc.).

34 Ser vs. Estar…………página once Physical characteristics Personality Origin (nationality) Time Date Profession Possessions identification EstarTo be Estoyestamos estásEstáis Estáestán SerTo be SoySomos EresSois EsSon Feelings/conditions Location Present progressive *form of estar + verb (ando/iendo)

35 Por ejemplo…. Julio es alto. Nosotros somos graciosos. Soy de Fayetteville. Son las dos y media. Hoy es el 19 de octubre. Sra. Mayo es profesora. El libro es de Juan. Tu eres mi primo. ¿Cómo estás? Estoy entusiasmado. ¿Dónde está ella? Ella está en la boda. ¿Qué están haciendo Uds.? Estamos estudiando.

36 ¡PRACTICAMOS! Answer each question w/ complete sentences in ENGLISH. 1.) Think of someone special in your life. Where is he/she (work, school, home, overseas, etc.)? Ex. My mom is at work. 2.) What is a physical characteristic of that person? 3.) What is a personality trait of that person? 4.) How is that person doing (feeling)? 5.) Where is that person from?

37 Traduzca las frases al español.

38 (handout-2 pages)

39 La Ropa y el cuerpo….página quince Copia las palabras de la página 70 (incluye los subtítulos) llevar la oreja la boca Glue/tape the monster to the back of pagina quince, we will label the body parts (pic on elmo) The quiz will only include body parts in the book + ear and mouth

40 Verbs & Expressions w/the infinitive….página dieciseis Fold the paper in half como hamburguesa Cut one side of the fold 10 times to make 11 flaps on the paper Write the 10 vocabulary phrases from the box on p. 71 on the flaps. On the 11 th flap write: Acabar dejust

41 ¿Cómo te preparas?....pàgina diecisiete Copia el vocabulario de la pàgina 96. No copian las cajas Add these words: maquillarse-to put on make up Peinarse el pelo-to comb ones hair

42 Reflexive Verbs…….pàgina dieciocho Reflexive Verbs are verbs that you do to yourself. (Reflection) You know a verb is reflexive if it ends in –se. When you conjugate a reflexive verb you must start with a reflexive pronoun.

43 Afeitarseto shave Me afeitonos afeitamos Te afeitasOs afeitáis Se afeitaSe afeitan Acostarse (o>ue)To go to bed Me acuestonos acostamos Te acuestasOs acostáis Se acuestaSe acuestan Do you shave your legs? ¿Te afeitas las piernas? What time does she go to bed? ¿A qué hora ella se acuesta?

44 When using reflexive verbs with the infinitive, change the pronoun at end of the verb to fit the subject When using reflexive verbs with the infinitive, change the pronoun at end of the verb to fit the subject. Ex. I need to brush my teeth. Necesito cepillarme los dientes. I have to shave everyday. Tengo que afeitarme todos los días.

45 iPracticamos! Draw a picture that represents five things you do each morning using the reflexive verbs from Viva # example:

46 Using the five pictures, write 5 sentence describing what you do in the morning to get ready. 1.Example Me cepillo los dientes. Tengo que cepillarme los dientes.

47 Mi rutina diaria……página diecinueve When talking about sequence of events in Spanish, there are certain words you should remember… Ordinal numbers (primero, segundo, tercero, etc.) Luego-later, thenantes de-before Entonces-thendespués de-after Más tarde-later Finalmente-finally

48 Example of a morning routine: Me despierto a las cinco y media de la mañana y primero me levanto de la cama. Entonces, me lavo la cara antes de cepillarme los dientes. Luego me ducho rápidamente. Me visto después de ponerme el desodorante. Finalmente, me maquillo y salgo de la casa.

49 Back of the page Fill out the reflexive verb conjugation chart (remember that acostarse, despertarse, and vestirse are stem-changing verbs) Glue one half into your viva.

50 Cuando eramos niños…...página veinte Copia el vocabulario de la pàgina doscientos y ocho. No copia las cajas.

51 Uses: To talk about what someone used to do in the past Habitual actions in the past To set a scene-time, date, location To talk about your childhood memories

52 Conjugations AR VERBS-coleccionarto collect coleccionabacoleccionábamos coleccionabascoleccionabais coleccionabacoleccionaban Er/Ir Verbs-MentirTo lie mentíamentíamos mentíasmentíais mentíamentían

53 3 Irregulars SerTo be eraéramos eraserais eraeran VerTo see veíaveíamos Veíasveíais veíaveían IrTo go ibaíbamos ibasibais ibaiban

54 Copy question and answer each question w/ a complete sentence. 1.) ¿Como eras de niño/a? (spoiled, well- behaved, disobedient, etc.) 2.) ¿Qué coleccionabas? (dolls, dinosaurs, etc.) 3.) ¿Qué hacías mucho?

55 Post lesson Translate the sentences from the pre-lesson activity. Classwork on a separate sheet of paper: 1.) Write 7 sentences using the following verbs in the imperfect tense: molestar, pelear, saltar, obedecer, ofrecer, permitir, portarse 2.) Complete activity 14 on p. 195.

56 Indirect Object Pronouns……..página veintidós An indirect object answers the question to whom or for whom. Indirect objects are usually people. Examples (copy please): My aunt used to buy me candy. S V IO DO I used to write my mom letters.

57 Mi tía me compraba dulces. Mi tía me compraba dulces (a mí). S IOP V DO Yo le escribía cartas. Yo le escribía cartas (a mi madre).

58 ¡Practicamos! A.) Complete Activity 22 from p. 199 in the textbook. Ex. mi padre Ella le compraba una corbata a mi padre. (for him=le) S IOP V DO IO Identify the subject, verb, direct object, indirect object and indirect object pronoun in each sentence.

59 lunes, el 8 de abril No mini-Lesson Viva: El tiempo libre………………..página veintitrés Copia el vocabulario de la página cuarenta y dos.

60 The Verb Ir……………. página veinticuatro IrTo go Yo voyNosotros (as) vamos Tú vasVosotros (as) váis Él, ella Usted va Ellos(as) Ustedes van Ex. I go shopping on Saturdays. Yo voy de compras los sabados Ex. He goes to work every night. Él va al trabajo cada noche.

61 a + el = al Voy a + el parque becomes voy al parque. I am going to the park. de + el = del Voy a salir de + el parque becomes Voy a salir del parque I am going to leave from the park.

62 ir + a + infinitive

63 Copy and answer the following questions with complete sentences in Spanish. 1.) Where do you go on Saturdays? 2.) Where do you go on Sundays? 3.) Where do you and your friends go eat? 4.) When do you and your friends go to the movies? 5.) Do you go to the park? ¡Practicamos!

64 Actividades extracurricales…….pagina veinticinco Copy the vocabulary from p. 68

65 Making Comparisons of Equality…página veintiséis To compare using adjectives: Tan + adjective + como = as + adjective + as Hockey is as fun as soccer. El hockey es tan divertido como el fútbol. At my school swimming is not as popular as basketball. En mi escuela la natación no es tan popular como el básquetbol.

66 To compare nouns: Tanto(a) + noun + como = as much + noun + as Tantos (as) + noun + como=as many + noun+ as I have as many sisters as you. Tengo tantas hermanas como tú. Does LeBron earn as much money as Kobe? ¿LeBron gana tanto dinero como Kobe?

67 ¡Practicamos! 1.) Think of a person that is around the same height as you. Copy and complete. _____________ is as tall/short as I. 2.) Think of a person that is the same age as you. Copy and complete the sentence. _____________ is as old/young as I. 3.) Think of someone that has as many friends, siblings or problems as you do. Copy and complete the sentence below. _____________ has as many problems/friends/siblings as I.

68 Post activity (below the line) Translate the three sentences to Spanish. Ex. #1) Angela is as short as I am. Ángela es tan baja como yo.

69 Saber vs Conocer……..página veintisiete SABER Yo séNosotros (as) sabemos Tú sabesVosotros (as) sabéis Él, ella Usted sabe Ellos, ellas Ustedes saben CONOCER Yo conozcoNosotros (as) conocemos Tu conocesVosotros (as) conocéis Él, ella Usted conoce Ellos, ellas Ustedes conocen Both verbs mean to know Saber means to know facts & information Ex. I know the colors in Spanish. Sé los colores en español. You can also use saber with the infinitive of another verb to say someone knows how to do something Ex. Do you know how to draw? ¿Sabes dibujar? Conocer means to know a person. Use the personal a to say you know person. Ex. I know Jessica. Conozco a Jessica Conocer means to be familiar with a place or thing. Are you familiar with the music of Enrique Iglesias? ¿Conoces la música de Enrique Iglesias?

70 ¡Practicamos! Copy and complete the sentence in English 1.) Think of a famous person you know a lot about. I know ____________. 2.) Think of one fact that you know about that person. I know ___________________. 3.) Think of a place you are familiar with. I know ________________ well. 4.) Think of one fact you know about that place. I know ___________________. 5.) Think of something or someone you arent familiar with. I dont know _____________________.

71 Post Lesson #1 Translate the sentence. #2-5 Decide whether you would use saber or conocer in each sentence and write either yo sé or yo conozco.

72 To tell how long someone has been doing something use: Hace + period of time + que + present tense verb Hace 10 años que juego al ajedrez. For ten years I have been playing chess Hace 2 meses que conozco a Andrés. For two months I have known Andre.

73 To ask how long something has been going on, use: ¿Cuánto tiempo + hace que + present tense verb..? ¿Cuánto tiempo hace que juegas al fútbol? How long have you been playing soccer? Day (s)días Week (s)Semana (s) Month (s)Mes (es) Year (s)Año (s) Hour(s)Hora (s) Minute (s)Minuto (s) Second (s)Segundo (s)

74 1.) Think of a sport or any extracurricular activity that you are involved in. Write a sentence that tells how long you have been doing that activity. Ex. I have been a member of the choir for six years. Dont use my example. 2.) Think of a good friend and write a sentence about how long you have known them. I have known Angelique for 14 years.

75 Actividad de post-lección: (debajo de la línea) Traduzca las frases de la actividad de pre-lección

76 4/23/12 No Mini-Lesson: ¿Quieres ir de compras?...página veintinueve Abran su libro en la página noventa y ocho. Copien las palabras en español.

77 Copy: *Nouns come before adjectives in Spanish *Adjectives match gender & number of the noun. Ex. Black purse- el bolso negro red boots-botas rojas ¡Practicamos! 1.) blue socks- 2.) new cds- 3.) expensive wallet- 4.) cheap shirt- 5.) old software-

78 Los números y las fechas…página treinta Cut out or fold the numbers and paste them on p. 30 of your viva. Copy this under number sheet: *To give the date in Spanish: el + number + de + month (+ de + year) Ex. May 6 th - El 6 de mayo May 6, El 6 de mayo de dos mil diez *The year is always given using complete numbers: Ex. 2012= dos mil doce 1982=mil novecientos ochenta y dos 1492=mil cuatrocientos noventa y dos

79 ¡Practicamos! Copien y escriban en español , April 6, , May 11, 2013

80 ¿Qué ropa compraste?... Página treinta y uno Copia el vocabulario de la página 124

81 The Past Tense (preterite)…página treinta y dos In English we often add –ed to a word to form the past tense (walked, talked, looked). Sometimes we do not add-ed (swam, sang, ate, wrote). In Spanish, there is a different set of verb endings for the past tense. The preterite is used to talk about events in the past that have a definite ending.

82 -ar Gastarto spend gastégastamos gastastegastasteis gastógastaron -er/-ir Escoger to choose Escogí escogimos Escogiste escogisteis Escogió escogieron Er/ir verb endings all start with i.

83 Keywords Yesterday-ayer The day before yesterday-anteayer Last night-anoche Last week-la semana pasada Last month-el mes pasado Last year-el año pasado This morning-esta mañana Last weekend-El fin de semana pasado

84 ¡Practicamos! EX: What movie did you watch last month? (answer each one in english and spanish) Last month I watched Tangled. 1.) What did you eat last night? 2.) Who did you spend time with last weekend? 3.) What song did you listen to this morning? 4.) What class did you write a lot of notes in yesterday?

85 –car, -gar, -zar verbs in the preterite pagina treinta y tres -car Buscar-to look for practicar-to practice sacar-to take out tocar-to play an instrument Yo tocé Yo toqué - car verbs change to qué in the yo form

86 -gar jugar-to play (sports llegar-to arrive navegar-to surf (web) Pagar-to pay for Yo pagé Yo pagué - gar verbs change to gué in the yo form

87 -zar Almorzar-to eat lunch Comenzar-to start Empezar-to start Yo almorzé Yo almorcé - zar verbs change to cé in the yo form

88 Practicamos 1.)Draw a car. Write the word yo in front of the car, in back of the car and on top of the car. 2.) Draw a garbage can. Write the word yo on top of the garbage can and on each side. 3.) Draw a kings crown. Write the word yo at each tip and below the crown. 4.) In the car that you drew write -qué, in the garbage can write -gué, in the crown write –cé. 5.) Complete the worksheet and paste it into your viva.

89 *Demonstrative adjectives identify which noun you are talking about.* (1) This/These (close to speaker) SingularPlural este-thisestos-these esta-thisestas-these Este vestido-this dress estos vestidos-these dresses Esta camisa-this shirtestas camisas-these shirts This and these have Ts Demonstrative Adjectives..página treinta y cuatro

90 (2)That/Those (farther away from speaker) SingularPlural ese-thatesos-those esa-thatesas-those Ese bolso-that purse esos bolsos-those purses Esa bufanda-that scarf esas bufandas-those scarves Dont use articles with demonstrative adjectives! Ex.= Esa la chaqueta.

91 (3) That/Those (farthest way from speaker) (way over there) SingularPlural aquel-that(over there) aquellos-those (over there) aquella-that (over there) aquellas-those (over there) aquel bolso-that purse aquellos bolsos-those purses aquella cartera-that wallet aquellas carteras-those wallets Put an accent on the 1 st e if you dont say the noun. Ex. That one over there= aquél

92 Draw any article of clothing big, then a little smaller, and finally very small. Color each one a different color. Write a sentence describing the clothing item in Spanish using demonstrative adjectives. Esta falda es morada. This skirt is purple. Esa falda es rosada. That skirt is pink. Aquella falda es azul. That skirt over there is blue.

93 Post activity: below the line Using the three different demonstrative adjectives. Write 3 short phrases about your item in Spanish. 1.) This skirt is long. 2.) That skirt is long. 3.) That skirt over there is long.

94 Los quehaceres y la comunidad…pagina treinta y cinco Copia el vocabulario de la página 126.

95 Telling Time………página treinta y seis Between :01 and :30 use the word y to tell the time. Por ejemplo: Its 2:20- Son las dos y veinte. Its 11:30-Son las once y media. (media-half) Its 5:15-Son las cinco y cuarto. (cuarto-quarter) La medianoche-midnight Es la medianoche. Its midnight. El Mediodía -noon Es el mediodía.- Its noon.

96 Between :31 and :59 use the word menos to tell time. Por ejemplo: Its 4:45. Son las cinco menos cuarto. Its 12:35. Es la una menos veinticinco. Its 2:50. Son las tres menos diez. *Notice that when you say its one oclock, you use es la instead of son las.*

97 ¿Qué hora es?- What time is it? (currently) (Answer like the previous slides, using es la or son las.) ¿A qué hora?- At what time? A la una y media. At 1:30. A las cuatro menos cinco. At 3:55. A las doce menos trece. At 11:47. En punto- oclock. Es la una en punto. Its 1:00. A la una en punto. At 1:00.

98 am/pm de la mañana- am (12:00am-11:59am) Son las seis de la mañana. Its 6:00am. de la tarde – pm (12:00pm-5:59 pm) de la noche – pm (6:00pm-11:59pm)

99 Practicamos Answer the following questions in English, then translate. 1.) What time did you go to bed last night? Ex. I went to bed at 9:45pm. Me acosté a las diez menos cuarto. 2.) What time did you wake up this morning? 3.) What time do you eat lunch at school? 4.) What time do you arrive at school? 5.) What time is it now?

100 Post Lesson Activity Translate the sentences from the pre-lesson activity.

101 ¿Qué hiciste ayer?......pagina treinta y siete Copia el vocabulario de la pagina ciento cincuenta y dos en el libro. *No copian las cajas.

102 Irregular Preterite: Ir and Ser….pagina treinta y ocho The verbs ir and ser are conjugated the same in the preterite. Ir-to go Ser-to be Fui I went/was Fuimos we went/were fuiste You went/were Fuisteis (inf) you all went/were Fue He/she went/was you (fm) went/were Fueron they went/were you all went were *Notice that there are no accent marks!*

103 Por ejemplo: I went to Florida during the summer. Yo fui a Florida durante el verano. Yesterday was Sunday. Ayer fue el domingo.

104 ¡Practicamos! Answer the questions in English and Spanish: 1.) What elementary school did you go to? I went to…. 2.) What restaurant did you go to last with your friends or family? We went to…. 3.) How was the food at that restaurant? It was….

105 Other irregular preterite…….página treinta y nueve TenerTo have(had) TuveTuvimos TuvisteTuvisteis Tuvotuvieron EstarTo be (was/were) EstuveEstuvimos EstuvisteEstuvisteis EstuvoEstuvieron PoderTo be able to (was/were able to) PudePudimos PudistePudisteis Pudopudieron

106 PonerTo put, place, or set (put, placed, set) PusePusimos PusistePusisteis Pusopusieron HacerTo do/make (did/made) HiceHicimos HicisteHicisteis Hizohicieron

107 ¡Practicamos! Copy the list, then translate to Spanish. 1)I had to go to the bank before school. 2)The girls made cookies yesterday. 3)You put the books in your locker this morning. 4)He did his homework last night. 5)The boys were not able to go. 6)They were able to finish the project. 7)You all had to go home.

108 Direct Object Pronouns….pagina cuarenta A direct object pronoun tells who or what receives the action of the verb. A direct object answers the question what or who.

109 SINGULARPLURAL Me meNos us Te youOs you all Lo,la him, her, itLos, las them DOPs take the place of the direct object. DOPs come before the conjugated verb. Ex. Yo hice el café anoche. I made coffee last night. Yo lo hice anoche. I made it last night. I love you. Yo amo a ti. Te amo. Yo comí tacos anoche. I ate tacos last night Yo los comí anoche. I ate them last night.

110 You can add the direct object pronoun to the end of an infinitive. I have to study the notes. Tengo que estudiar las notas. I have to study them. Las tengo que estudiar. Tengo que estudiarlas.

111 ¡Practicamos! Ex. El pelo a.el regalo b.el libro c.la camisa d.el carro/coche e.el desodorante 2.) Write a sentence replacing that item with a direct object pronoun that tells what you do with it in English and Spanish. Ex. El pelo Lo seco. I dry it.

112 Post Lesson Below the line: Write the name of the object in English and Spanish. Translate your three sentences using direct object pronouns.

113 ¿Cómo se va?...página cuarenta y uno Copia el vocabulario de la página 154 y 180. delante de/Enfrente de El coche/el carro

114 Present Progressive….cuarenta y dos The present progressive tells what someone is doing now. Form of estar + stem of the verb+ ando/iendo 1.) Form of estar EstarTo be EstoyEstamos Estásestáis Estáestán

115 2.) stem of the verb that is happening right now: Comer=com Estudiar-estudi Doblar-dobl 3.) Gerund (-ing) Verbs that end in –ar=ando Verbs that end in –er/ir=iendo Ex. Estoy comiendo. I am eating Estás estudiando. You are studying. Está doblando. He is turning.

116 Some irregular gerunds *Any time you have a double vowel at the end of the verb (leer, traer, creer) the gerund (ing) is –yendo. Ex. I am reading. Estoy leyendo. Irregular gerunds: Pedir-pidiendo Decir-diciendo Servir-sirviendo Dormir-durmiendo Vestir-vistiendo Seguir-siguiendo

117 ¡Practicamos! Answer the questions in English and Spanish in a complete sentence using the present progressive. 1.) What color shirt/sweater/t-shirt are you wearing? Ex. I am wearing a blue shirt. 2.) What is the person next to you doing right now? 3.) What are you doing right now?

118 Informal tú commands…pagina cuarenta y tres A command is used to tell someone to do something. To form a command for most verbs… 1.)Put the verb in the él, ella form. Por ejemplo: Turn right. Dobla a la derecha. Open the door. Abre la puerta.

119 Irregular commands There are 8 irregular tú commands: Venir-to come=VenVen aqui. Decir-to tell=DiDi la verdad Salir-to leave=SalSal de mi casa. Hacer-to do/make=HazHaz la tarea. Tener-to have/to be=TenTen cuidado. Ir-to go=veVe a la tienda. Poner-to put/set=PonPon la mesa. Ser-to be=SéSé bueno. To help you remember: Ven Diesel has ten weapons eh? Ven di sal haz ten ve pon sé.

120 Commands with pronouns Attach direct object pronouns to the end of the command. If the pronoun is added to a command with two or more syllables, an accent mark is needed on the third vowel back. **Its 1, 2, 3 add accent! Por ejemplo: ¡Hazlo ahora! Do it now! Ayúdame, por favor. Help me, please. Déjame en paz. Leave me alone.

121 ¡Practicamos! Write these common commands in Spanish using your notes as a model. 1.) Listen. 2.) Speak. 3.) Stop. 4.) Wait. 5.) Repeat the vocabulary. 6.) Pass the papers to the front. 7.) Turn left.


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