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Negligent Retention Retain an incompetent employee whom the employer knows was incompetent or unfit, thereby creating an unreasonable risk of harm to others.

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Presentación del tema: "Negligent Retention Retain an incompetent employee whom the employer knows was incompetent or unfit, thereby creating an unreasonable risk of harm to others."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Negligent Retention Retain an incompetent employee whom the employer knows was incompetent or unfit, thereby creating an unreasonable risk of harm to others.

2 Negligent Hiring Based on the employers direct negligence rather than on the vicarious liability for the torts of its workers.

3 The general rule is that there is no duty to protect another from the conduct of a third person. An exception exists where there is a special relationship between the defendant and the third person.

4 Duty Cases Special relationship of trust with a vulnerable group Golden Spread Council of Boy Scouts v. Akins, 926 S.W.2d 287 (Tex. 1996) – Scoutmaster with troop members Porter v. Nemir, 900 S.W.2d 376 (Tex.App-Austin 1995, no writ) – drug counselor with spouse of recovering addict Deerings W. Nursing Ctr. V. Scott, 787 S.W.2d 494 (Tex.App.-El Paso 1990, writ denied) – Nursing assistant with the elderly and infirm

5 Duty Cases Foreseeable creation of risk of harm to others by reason of employment duties Read v. Scott Fetzer Co., 990 S.W.2d 732 (Tex. 1998) The Court held that a company that markets and sells products through independent contractor distributors and exercises control by requiring in-home demonstration and sales, owes a duty to act reasonably in the exercise of the control. Estate of Arrington v. Fields, 578 S.W.2d 173 (Tex.Civ.App.- Tyler 1979, writ refd n.r.e.)

6 No Duty Cases No duty because contact with employee was not by reason of employment Guidry v. National Frieight, 944 S.W.2d 807, (Tex.App.- Austin 1997, no writ). Houser v. Smith, 968 S.W.2d. 542, (Tex.App.-Austin 1998, no writ).

7 As a truck driver, Jaramillo should never have come into contact with Guidry in the exercise of his duties as an employee of National. Consequently, the sexual assault was not foreseeable by National when Jaramillo was hired. Furthermore, Guidry is not a member of a vulnerable or specially protected group with whom Jaramillo could be expected to come into contact during his work; any duty to her must flow from a duty owed to the general public.

8 Imposing a duty to perform a nationwide criminal background check on all of Nationals current and prospective drivers would create a significant administrative burden. Guidrys theory of liability would impose upon National a continuing duty to check criminal records in all states, military records, and all other sources of such data to ensure no criminal activity escaped its notice.

9 So what are plaintiffs throwing at employers?

10 The employee has a rap sheet 10 pages long

11 CERTIFICATION OF CRIMINAL HISTORY RECORD INFORMATION STATE OF TEXAS COUNTY OF TRAVIS I certify that I am Margie Middaugh, and I am deputy custodian of the records of the Crime Records Service of the Texas Department of Public Safety. I further certify that the attached pages are as correct and complete as possible with the descriptors given: Bad EmployeeMaleDOB: 09/03/44 as those records appear in my office in Austin, Travis County, Texas. Margie Middaugh, Manager Fingerprint and Records Bureau Crime Records Service Texas Department of Public Safety In Testimony Whereof, I hereunto set my hand and affix the seal of the Texas Department of Public Safety. Done at my office, in Austin, Texas on this _____ day of_____________, 19___.

12 THE CONTENTS OF THIS RECORD REFLECT ONLY CONVICTION/FELONY DEFERRAL DATA FOR THE INDIVIDUAL OF RECORD. PRIOR TO 1994, FELONY AND MISDEMEANOR DEFERRED ADJUDICATIONS WERE NOT DIFFERENTIATED WITHIN THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY CCH DATABASE. THEREFORE, FELONY DEFERRED ADJUDICATIONS WILL ONLY BE REFLECTED IN THIS REPORT FROM 1994 TO THE PRESENT. THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY CANNOT VERIFY THE TRUE IDENTITY OF THE INDIVIDUAL OF RECORD WITHOUT THE SUBMISSION OF FINGERPRINTS. THIS REPORT IS A REFLECTION OF THE CONTENTS OF THE CRIMINAL HISTORY DATABASE AS REPORTED BY THE COURTS AS OF THE DATE OF THIS REPORT. SEARCH RESULTS FOR: SID/ DATE OF REPORT: 09/23/98 NAMESEX BIRTH DATE HGT WGT EYE HAIR BAD EMPLOYEE M BRO BLK ALIAS INFORMATION NAMEBIRTH DATE BAD EMPLOYEE, JR.

13 CONVICTION/ DEFERRAL DATE COURT CAUSE NUMBERSENTENCE COURT OF CONVICTION / DEFERRALCOUNTY OFFENSELEVEL/DEGREECITATION DISTURB PEACE-(SPECIFY CONDUCT) DISTURB PEACE BY DISCHARGING FIREARMS CONVICTION/ DEFERRAL DATE COURT CAUSE NUMBERSENTENCE COURT OF CONVICTION / DEFERRALCOUNTY OFFENSELEVEL/DEGREECITATION MOVING TRAFFIC VIOLATION DRIVING WHILE LICENSE SUSP

14 CONVICTION/ DEFERRAL DATE COURT CAUSE NUMBERSENTENCE COURT OF CONVICTION / DEFERRALCOUNTY OFFENSELEVEL/DEGREECITATION CARRYING PROHIBITED-(SPECIFY WEAPON) CARRY ______ ARMS CONVICTION/ DEFERRAL DATE COURT CAUSE NUMBERSENTENCE COURT OF CONVICTION / DEFERRALCOUNTY OFFENSELEVEL/DEGREECITATION LARC-(FREE TEXT) THEFT OF PURSE FROM CAR

15 CONVICTION/ DEFERRAL DATE COURT CAUSE NUMBERSENTENCE COURT OF CONVICTION / DEFERRALCOUNTY OFFENSELEVEL/DEGREECITATION LARC-(FREE TEXT) THEFT CLASS C CONVICTION/ DEFERRAL DATE COURT CAUSE NUMBERSENTENCE COURT OF CONVICTION / DEFERRALCOUNTY OFFENSELEVEL/DEGREECITATION LARC-(FREE TEXT) THEFT CLASS A

16 CONVICTION/ DEFERRAL DATE COURT CAUSE NUMBERSENTENCE COURT OF CONVICTION / DEFERRALCOUNTY OFFENSELEVEL/DEGREECITATION LARC-(FREE TEXT) THEFT OF AUTO PARTS-CHANGED TO THEFT MI CONVICTION/ DEFERRAL DATE COURT CAUSE NUMBERSENTENCE COURT OF CONVICTION / DEFERRALCOUNTY OFFENSELEVEL/DEGREECITATION LARC-(FREE TEXT) THEFT BY RECEIVING

17 CONVICTION/ DEFERRAL DATE COURT CAUSE NUMBERSENTENCE COURT OF CONVICTION / DEFERRALCOUNTY OFFENSELEVEL/DEGREECITATION BURGL-(FREE TEXT) BURG HABITATION CONVICTION/ DEFERRAL DATE COURT CAUSE NUMBERSENTENCE COURT OF CONVICTION / DEFERRALCOUNTY TRAVIS CO CRT AT LAW #6TRAVIS COUNTY OFFENSELEVEL/DEGREECITATION INTERFERENCE WITH DUTIES OF PUBLIC SERVA MISDEMEANOR B

18 Your employee was a bad person when he lived in another country

19 _________________________________________________________________________________________________________ CENTRO DE READAPTACION SOCIALPIEDRAS NEGRAS, COAH. TEL Oficio N o 774/2000 Expediente N o _____________ POLICIA JUDICIAL EN EL ESTADO OJINAHUA, CHIHUAHUA PRESENTE – Por medio del presente me permito informarle que el C. GERARDO LEYVA LOPEZ, Mexicano, siendo su fecha de Nacimiento el 08 de Agosto de 1967, originario y vecino de Piedras Negras, Coahuila, con domicilio en Calle Jalisco #2108 en la Colonia Buena vista cuenta con los siguientes antecedents: En fecha 25 de Febrero de 1995 el C. Juez Segundo de Primera Instancia le decreta Detención Legal pro el proceso penal No. 144/995 por el delito de Robo Agravado, Daños Culposos y Conduccion de vehiculo en Estado Indebido, el 28 de Febrero del año en curso se le decreto Auto de Formal Prision por el delito de Robo en el Extranjero y Auto de Sujecion proceso por el delito de Conduccion de Vehiculo en Estado Indebidio y el 2 de a Marzo de 1995 el C. Juez se declara incompetente para seguir en su contra la causa penal No. 144/995 por el delito de Robo en el Extranjero pasando al C. Juez Tercero de Distrito en el Estado y saliendo en Absoluta Libertad en los que se refiere al delito de Conducción de vehiculo en Estado Indebido. En fecha 23 de Marzo de 1995 el C. Juez Tercero de Distrito en el Estado se declara competente para seguir conociendo de la presente causa por el delito de Robo en el Extranjero cambiando del proceso penal No. 144/995 al 24/995, el 06 de Agosto de 1996 se le Sentencia a (2) años (3) dias de prision ordinaria y no se le concede ningun Beneficio, el 15 de Agosto de 1996 la Sentencia Causa Ejecutoria y el 24 de Septiembre do 1996 se declara que la misma ha causado Estado y en consecuencia se le concede el Beneficio de la Condena Condicional, acogiéndose ese mismo dia saliendo en Libertad. Lo anterior lo informo a Usted para los efectos legales a que de lugar. Gobeirno Del Estado De Coahuila Direccion De Prevencion Y Readptacion Social

20 Planes, Trains and Automobiles

21 Apartment Lease Contract Date of Lease Contract: ______________________ PROHIBITED CONDUCT. You and your occupants or guests may not engage in the following prohibited activities: loud or obnoxious conduct; disturbing or threatening the rights, comfort, health, safety, or convenience of others in or near the apartment community; possessing, selling, or manufacturing illegal drugs or drug paraphernalia; engaging in or threatening violence; possessing a weapon prohibited by Penal Code Section 46.05; discharging a firearm in the apartment community; displaying or possessing a gun, knife, or other weapon in the common area in a way that may alarm others; soliciting business or contributions; operating a business or childcare service; storing anything in closets having gas appliances; tampering with utilities; bringing hazardous materials into the apartment community; having or using glass containers in the pool area; and using candies or kerosene lamps. 20. This is a Binding Legal Document – Read Carefully Before Signing (when the Lease Contract is filled out)

22 The margarita party was really a company strategy meeting

23 Was Howard Brown acting in his capacity as a vice-principal of Navisite? Answer Yes or No. Answer: ______________ A vice-principal of a corporation is a person who has the authority to hire, discharge, and direct employees of the corporation or who has the authority to manage the entire corporation or a department or division of its business.

24 There is public information and non-public information Court records Background checks Fair Credit Reporting Act Arrest history Excluding all applicants with criminal convictions Employers and Criminal Background Checks


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