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El Tiempo Imperfect The imperfect tense. Introduction The imperfect tense is the second past tense in Spanish. The first past tense we learned was the.

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Presentación del tema: "El Tiempo Imperfect The imperfect tense. Introduction The imperfect tense is the second past tense in Spanish. The first past tense we learned was the."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 El Tiempo Imperfect The imperfect tense

2 Introduction The imperfect tense is the second past tense in Spanish. The first past tense we learned was the _________________.

3 Introduction The imperfect tense is the second past tense in Spanish. The first past tense we learned was the preterit.

4 The preterit The preterit is used to talk about completed past actions. Elisa cantó en el concierto. Yo fui a la playa ayer. It is a complicated verb tense, with many __________________________.

5 The preterit The preterit is used to talk about completed past actions. Elisa cantó en el concierto. Yo fui a la playa ayer. It is a complicated verb tense, with many irregulars.

6 The imperfect uses: The imperfect tense is used for several reasons, including: Describing a person, place or situation. Alberto era un niño travieso. La casa de mis abuelos era grande, con muchas ventanas.

7 The imperfect uses: Describing an action that has no indicated beginning or end. Jugabamos al fútbol norteamericano. Elisa cantaba.

8 The imperfect uses: Describing a repetitive action. Generalmente, yo caminaba a la escuela. Cada verano, íbamos a la playa.

9 Introduction For now, dont worry about when you would use the imperfect. Todays focus is on conjugating the imperfect. The imperfect tense is comparatively simple. It only has three irregular verbs.

10 Regular –ar Verbs in the Imperfect

11 The imperfect tense uses the following endings for all –ar verbs: Yo - aba Nosotros - ábamos Tú - abas Él, ella, ud. - aba Ellos, ustedes - aban

12 Regular –ar Verbs in the Imperfect Remember, the only form with an accent is the nosotros. Since the yo and the él/ella/usted forms are identical, use the subject pronouns to avoid confusion.

13 Regular –ar Verbs in the Imperfect Examples: hablar Yo habl aba Nosotros habl ábamos Tú habl abas Él, ella, ud. habl aba Ellos, ustedes habl aban

14 Regular –ar Verbs in the Imperfect Examples: now, you pick one to do! Usar Jugar Estar

15 Regular –er/--ir Verbs in the Imperfect

16 The imperfect tense uses the following endings for all –ir verbs: Yo - ía Nosotros - íamos Tú - ías Él, ella, ud. - ía Ellos, ustedes - ían

17 Regular –er/-ir Verbs in the Imperfect Remember, all of the forms have accents. Like the –ar verbs, since the yo and the él/ella/usted forms are identical, use the subject pronouns to avoid confusion.

18 Regular –er/--ir Verbs in the Imperfect Examples: Vivir Yo viv ía Nosotros viv íamos Tú viv ías Él, ella, ud. viv ía Ellos, ustedes viv ían

19 Regular –er/--ir Verbs in the Imperfect Examples: now you do one! Comer Asistir Hacer

20 Practicamos En mis fiestas de cumpleaños, mi familia y yo siempre (1) hacer muchas cosas divertidas. Primero, mi madre siempre (2) traer una guitarra y nosotros (3) cantar. Entonces, mi padre (4) poner una piñata en el medio del patio y (5) anunciar: ¿Quién quiere pelearse con la piñata? Casi siempre, yo (6) tomar el palo primero. Mi hermana siempre (7) romper la piñata. Mis amigos (8) comer todos los dulces, pero yo (9) preferir los regalitos en la piñata y los (10) coleccionar. Todavía tengo algunos de ellos en mi armario.

21 Practicamos

22 Repasito The imperfect tense is used for several reasons, including: Describing a person, place or situation. Describing an action that has no indicated beginning or end. Describing a repetitive action. Yo - aba Nosotros - ábamos Tú - abas Él, ella, ud. - aba Ellos, ustedes - aban Yo - ía Nosotros - íamos Tú - ías Él, ella, ud. - ía Ellos, ustedes - ían

23 Irregular Verbs in the Imperfect

24 There are only three irregular verbs in the imperfect: Ir, ser, ver

25 Irregular Verbs in the Imperfect Ir (to ___________) conjugates kind of like an –ar verb… yonosotros tú Él, ella, ud.Ellos, ustedes

26 Irregular Verbs in the Imperfect Ir (to go ) conjugates kind of like an –ar verb… Yo iba Nosotros íbamos Tú ibas Él, ella, ud. iba Ellos, ustedes iban

27 Irregular Verbs in the Imperfect Ser (to ____________ ) becomes….. yonosotros tú Él, ella, ud.Ellos, ustedes

28 Irregular Verbs in the Imperfect Ser (to be ) becomes….. Yo era Nosotros éramos Tú eras Él, ella, ud. era Ellos, ustedes eran

29 Irregular Verbs in the Imperfect Ver (to ___________ ) becomes….. yonosotros tú Él, ella, ud.Ellos, ustedes

30 Irregular Verbs in the Imperfect Ver (to see ) becomes….. Yo veía Nosotros veíamos Tú veías Él, ella, ud. veía Ellos, ustedes veían

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32 Repasito: El imperfecto 1. What are our regular –ar endings? 2. What are our regular –er/-ir endings? 3. What are our 3 irregulars? 4. How do these irregulars conjugate in the imperfect? 5. How or when would we use the imperfect?

33 Practicamos

34 Take out your toy/picture of your favorite toy. Write 5 sentences – using the imperfect – describing the toy. Suggestions: Describe what activities you used to do with it. Describe what it looked like. Describe what it did. Practicamos

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36 Después de leer: ¿Qué aprendí? After Reading: What did I learn? 1.Who are the characters and what are they like? (answer on the page following story). 2.What was the main lesson of the story? 1.What is the imperfect tense? How is it used in the story? 2.How is its use different from the preterit? 3.What are the endings for the imperfect? 4.What is the irregular imperfect that we see in the story? Take out your Perro Grande, Perro Pequeño packet…

37 37

38 Fred y Ted eran amigos. Ted era pequeño. Fred era grande. 38 Ser

39 39 Fred siempre tenía dinero. Ted nunca tenía un centavo 1. 1 Cent Tener

40 Cuando caminaban bajo la lluvia, Fred se mojaba 2 pero Ted se quedaba seco. 2 used to get wet 40 Caminar Mojar Quedar

41 A los dos les gustaba la música. Fred tocaba la flauta. Ted tocaba la tuba. 41 Gustar Tocar

42 Cuando cenaban, Fred comía los vegetales, y Ted comía las frutas. 42 Cenar Comer

43 Cuando pintaban la casa, Ted usaba pintura roja. Fred usaba pintura verde. 43 Pintar Usar

44 Un día Fred y Ted fueron de viaje. Fred iba en su coche verde. Ted iba en su coche rojo. 44 Ir

45 Practicamos

46 Take out your toy/picture of your favorite toy. Write 5 sentences – using the imperfect – describing the toy. Suggestions: – Describe what activities you used to do with it. – Describe what it looked like. – Describe what it did. Practicamos

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