La descarga está en progreso. Por favor, espere

La descarga está en progreso. Por favor, espere

Gender and Number of Nouns This is a photo from Tikal, a Guatemalan national park dedicated to the preservation of the Tikal ruins left behind by the Mayas.

Presentaciones similares


Presentación del tema: "Gender and Number of Nouns This is a photo from Tikal, a Guatemalan national park dedicated to the preservation of the Tikal ruins left behind by the Mayas."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Gender and Number of Nouns This is a photo from Tikal, a Guatemalan national park dedicated to the preservation of the Tikal ruins left behind by the Mayas. Learn more about the Maya nation or this incredible archeological site for extra credit.

2 The basics NOUNS, their articles, and the adjectives that modify them have grammatical gender and number (Aka. Masculine/feminine & singular/plural). – (*Reminder: A noun is a person, place, thing or idea) Animate beings – Grammatical gender is determined by biological gender. Inanimate beings – Grammatical gender has no rhyme or reason. El libro is masculine just because. La silla is feminine just because.

3 Articles There are two types: definite and indefinite. They will be masculine or feminine AND singular or plural. – They MUST match the noun they accompany in gender/#. In English, the definite article is the – In Spanish, they are El, La, Los, and Las In English, the indefinite articles are a and some – In Spanish, they are Un, Una, Unos, and Unas The difference is…. Definite articles imply specific person(s)/place(s)/thing(s), whereas with indefinite articles, it is much less specific. – For example: Definite – I went to the library to get THE book. – Here, you have a specific book in mind. Indefinite – I went to the library to get A book. – Here, you do NOT have a specific book in mind.

4 Masculino-Singular El The Un A Masculine words typically end in -O or in a consonant. Words that end in -E are also usually masculine, but this guide is not as dependable as the others.

5 Masculino-singular: Ejemplos THEA Libro Pupitre Pizarrón Gimnasio Reloj El Un ¿Por qué? -O -E -consonante

6 Feminino-Singular La The Una A Feminine words typically end in -A or in –IÓN or -AD.

7 Feminino-singular: Ejemplos THEA Silla Chica Comunidad Ciudad Situación La Una ¿Por qué? -A -AD -A -IÓN -AD

8 Articles: Masculino-Plural Los The Unos Some

9 Masculino-plural: Ejemplos THESOME Libros Pupitres Pizarrones* *see next page Gimnasios Relojes Los Unos To pluralize: Add S to words that end in a vowel, and ES to words that end in a consonant.

10 Articles: Feminino-Plural Las The Unas Some

11 THESOME Sillas Chicas Comunidades Ciudades Situaciones* Las Unas * The accent is dropped from words with an accent on the final syllable when they are pluralized because the stress naturally falls on that letter now. Feminino-plural: Ejemplos

12 Excepciones Some words go against the rules and therefore must be learned through practice. – Some masculine words that look feminine: El día, el mapa, el matamoscas, el aguafiestas – Some feminine words that look masculine: La tarde, la noche, la clase, la pared Words ending in –E or –ISTA do not change based on gender, but their article does. – El estudiante vs. la estudiante – El dentista vs. la dentista – El artista vs. la artista

13 SingularPlural Definidos There is a DEFINITE person/place/thing in mind THE: El – masc. La – fem. THE: Los – masc. Las – fem. Indefinidos There is NOT a definite person/place/thing in mind A: Un – masc. Una – fem. SOME: Unos – masc. Unas – fem. Los artículos

14 Hay Hay means There is or There are It may be used in a question to ask Is there? or Are there? Hay is usually used with indefinite articles rather than definite articles. Ejemplos Hay una calculadora en mi pupitre. Hay unos libros en la mesa. Hay una profesora y unos estudiantes en la clase. ¿Hay comida en la fiesta?

15 En una mochila hay… 1.Unos a. Estudiantesb. sillas c. libros d. escritorios 2.Unas a. Calculadoras b. sillas c. lápices d. hombres 3.Un a.Cartera (wallet) b. cajita de tic tacs c. Teléfono celular d. profesor 4.Una a.Mujer b. Revista (magazine) c. cuaderno d. Disco compacto

16 Típicamente, ¿qué hay en un salón de clases? 1.Un a. Pupitres b. chicas c. libros d. escritorio 2.Unos a. estudiantes b. profesora c. reloj d. banderas 3.Unas a.Calculadora b. mochilas c. Libros d. profesores 4.Una a.Plumas b. Diccionarios c. cuaderno d. papelera

17 Crédito extra Print a copy of the SFCC campus map and label the different places on campus using the vocabulary that you have learned. Use both the building number and the name of the place if it is something from our vocab. – Ej: Edificio 13 – el estadio


Descargar ppt "Gender and Number of Nouns This is a photo from Tikal, a Guatemalan national park dedicated to the preservation of the Tikal ruins left behind by the Mayas."

Presentaciones similares


Anuncios Google