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Expressing Obligation with Hay que and Tener que.

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Presentación del tema: "Expressing Obligation with Hay que and Tener que."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Expressing Obligation with Hay que and Tener que

2 When do you use hay que & tener que? To talk about things someone must do. To talk about things someone must do. Examples: Examples: *I have to get a good grade. Yo tengo que sacar una buena nota. Yo tengo que sacar una buena nota. *One must listen in class. Hay que escuchar en clase. Hay que escuchar en clase.

3 The 2 Ways to Express Obligation Use hay que + infinitive Use hay que + infinitive if there is no specific subject. Use tener que + infinitive Use tener que + infinitive if there is a specific subject.

4 What are some infinitives? Estrechar- to stretch Engordarse- to get fat Aldelgazar-to get thin Mejorar- to get better Empeorar- to get worse Trabajar- to work Correr- to run Caminar- to walk Esquiar- to ski Animar- to cheer Comer- to eat Beber- to drink Tomar- to drink,take Deber- to should Levantar pesas- lift weights Hacer ejercicios- to do exercise Montar en bicicleta- ride a bike Montar en monopatín-skateboard Andar en bicicleta- ride a bike Andar en patineta- to skateboard Practicar deportes- to play sports Jugar deportes- to play sports Nadar- to swim Patinar- to skate Dormir- to sleep Ponerse en forma- to get in shape Recordar- to remember Necesitar- to need

5 Para sacar una buena nota… (To get a good grade….) If there is no specific person or subject use Hay que + infinitive If there is no specific person or subject use Hay que + infinitive It is similar to saying One must…… It is similar to saying One must…… Lets try saying what one must do to get a good grade. Lets try saying what one must do to get a good grade. One must listen in class. One must listen in class. One must study every day. One must study every day. One must answer the teachers questions. One must answer the teachers questions. Hay que escuchar en clase. Hay que estudiar todos los días. Hay que contestar las preguntas de la maestra.

6 Para la clase de educación física… For physical education class… If there is a specific subject use: If there is a specific subject use: Tener que + infinitive Because there is a specific subject you must conjugate the verb tener. Because there is a specific subject you must conjugate the verb tener. Lets trying saying what Ana has to do in P.E. Lets trying saying what Ana has to do in P.E. Ana has to run a lot. Ana has to run a lot. Ana has to wear some shorts, a t-shirt, and some shoes. Ana has to wear some shorts, a t-shirt, and some shoes. Ana has to listen to Mr. Metheany. Ana has to listen to Mr. Metheany. Ana tiene que correr mucho. Ana tiene que llevar unos shorts, una camiseta y unos tenis. Ana tiene que escuchar a Sr. Metheany.

7 Practice Expressing Obligation: One must carry a backpack One must carry a backpack One must help the teacher (f.). One must help the teacher (f.). They (m) have to get good grades. They (m) have to get good grades. Ms. Parker has to arrive to school early. Ms. Parker has to arrive to school early. We have to use the computer. We have to use the computer. Hay que llevar una mochila. Hay que llevar una mochila. Hay que ayudar a la maestra. Hay que ayudar a la maestra. Ellos tienen que sacar buenas notas. Ellos tienen que sacar buenas notas. Srta. Parker tiene que llegar temprano a la escuela. Srta. Parker tiene que llegar temprano a la escuela. Nosotros tenemos que usar la computadora. Nosotros tenemos que usar la computadora.


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