17¿Qué te gusta hacer? ¿Qué tal, amigos? Soy Gloria.A mí me gusta ir a la escuela, y también megusta trabajar.
18¿Qué te gusta hacer? Me llamo Raúl. Me gusta ir a la escuela más omenos . . ., pero me gustamás leer revistas.
19Verbs are words that are most often used InfinitivesVerbs are words that are most often usedto name actions. Verbs in English havedifferent forms depending on who is doingthe action or when the action is occurring:I walk, she walks, we walked, etc.
20The most basic form of a verb is called the InfinitivesThe most basic form of a verb is called theinfinitive. In English, you can spotinfinitives because they usually have theword “to” in front of them:to swim, to read, to write
21Infinitives in Spanish, though, don’t have a separate word like “to” in front ofthem. Spanish infinitives are only oneword, and always end in -ar, -er, or -ir:nadar, leer, escribir
23To make a sentence negative in Spanish, you usually put NegativesTo make a sentence negative in Spanish, you usually putno in front of the verb or expression. In English youusually use the word “not.”No me gusta cantar. I do not like to sing.
24NegativesTo answer a question negatively in Spanish you often useno twice. The first no answers the question. The secondno says, “I do not (don’t).” This is similar to the wayyou answer a question in English.¿Te gusta escribir cuentos? Do you like to write stories?No, no me gusta No, I don’t.
25In Spanish, you might use one or more negatives after answering “no.” ¿Te gusta cantar? Do you like to sing?No, no me gusta nada. No, I don’t like it at all.
26NegativesIf you want to say that you do not like either of two choices, use ni ni:No me gusta ni nadar ni dibujar.I don’t like either swimming or drawing.I like neither swimming nor drawing.
27I like to spend time with friends. Expressing agreement or disagreementTo agree with what a person likes, you use “a mí también.”It’s like saying “me too” in English.Me gusta pasar tiempo con amigos.A mí también.I like to spend time with friends.Me too.
28Expressing agreement or disagreement If someone tells you that he or she dislikes something, you can agree by saying“a mí tampoco.” It’s like saying “me neither” or “neither do I” in English.No me gusta nada cantar I don’t like to sing at all.A mí tampoco Me neither.
29The vowel sounds in Spanish are different The vowels a, e, and iThe vowel sounds in Spanish are differentfrom those in English. In Spanish, eachvowel has just one sound. Spanish vowelsare also quicker and shorter than thosein English.
30The letter a is similar to the sound in the The vowels a, e, and iThe letter a is similar to the sound in theEnglish word pop. Listen to and say thesewords:andar cantar trabajarhablar nadar pasar
31The letter e is similar to the sound in the The vowels a, e, and iThe letter e is similar to the sound in theEnglish word met. Listen to and say thesewords:tele me es Elena deportes
32The letter i is similar to the sound in the The vowels a, e, and iThe letter i is similar to the sound in theEnglish word see. As you have alreadyseen, the letter y sometimes has the samesound as i. Listen to and say these words:sí escribir patinar lápiz ti mí
33The vowels a, e, and i Try it out! Listen to and say this rhyme: A E I El perro canta para ti.A E I El tigre baila para mí.Try it again, substituting el gato for elperro and la cebra for el tigre.
35The Spanish empire once included parts of Italy and the Netherlands, much of the Americas and the Caribbean, thePhilippines, and colonies in Africa. Today, Spain is a country ofrich regional and cultural traditions with a population of morethan 40 million people.
36Spain was one of the most important provinces of the ancient Roman empire. The Spanish language is veryclosely related to Latin, the language of that empire.Roman engineering also left its mark on the Spanishlandscape, and some Roman bridges are still in useafter almost 2,000 years! This photo shows the Romanaqueduct in Segovia, which was constructed entirelywithout mortar or clamps.
37to talk about activities bailar to dancecantar to singcorrer to rundibujar to drawescribir cuentos to write storiesescuchar música to listen to musicesquiar to skihablar por teléfono to talk on the phoneir a la escuela to go to schooljugar videojuegos to play video gamesleer revistas to read magazinesmontar en bicicleta to ride a bicycle
38to talk about activities montar en monopatín to skateboardnadar to swimpasar tiempo con to spend time withamigos friendspatinar to skatepracticar deportes to play sportstocar la guitarra to play the guitartrabajar to workusar la computadora to use the computerver la tele to watch television
39to say what you like to do (A mí) me gusta . I like to ____.(A mí) me gusta I like to ____ better.más (I prefer to .)(A mí) me gusta I like to ____ a lot.mucho .A mí también. I do too.
40to say what you don’t like to do (A mí) no me gusta . I don’t like to .(A mí) no me gusta I don’t likenada to at all.A mí tampoco. I don’t (like to) either.to ask others what they like to do¿Qué te gusta hacer? What do you like to do?¿Qué te gusta What do you likemás? (prefer) better?¿Te gusta ? Do you like to ?¿Y a ti? And you?
41other useful words and expressions ni ni neither nor,not oro orpues well . . .sí yestambién also, tooy and