Presentación del tema: "Subject Pronouns and Ser Subjects and Verbs The subject of a sentence tells us who is doing the action. The verb tells us what action is taking place."— Transcripción de la presentación:
Subjects and Verbs The subject of a sentence tells us who is doing the action. The verb tells us what action is taking place in the sentence.
Subject Pronouns Subject pronouns are used to discuss people. A subject pronoun tells who is the subject of the sentence. Subject pronouns can replace names when talking.
These are the Subject Prounouns in Spanish Yo- I Tú- You Familiar Usted- You Formal Él- He Ella- She One Specific name- Juan Nosotros- We Nosotras- We (girls) Vosotros- You (Familiar/Spain/ Masculine) Vosotras – (You / Feminine/Familiar/Spain) Ustedes- You all Ellos- They Ellas- They (girls) 2 or more names(Juan y Miguel) Singular Plural
Tú- You FAMILIAR You use tú when talking to friends or people who you are on a FIRST NAME basis with. You use tú when you talk to each other, your friends or casual people.
Usted- you FORMAL You use USTED when talking to people who you are on a last name basis. The president, doctors, teachers, adults, etc…
Usted and Ustedes Usted refers to only one person. Usted is abbreviated as Ud. Ustedes refers to more than one person. Can be a formal and informal person. Ustedes is abbreviated as Uds.
Vosotros and Vosotras These are plural and familiar ways of saying you to a group. These are not used everywhere only in Spain. In Spain a teacher would refer to her students as “ Vosotros ” instead of “ ustedes ”. In Mexico and other Spanish speaking countries there isn ’ t a difference between the plural you. Ustedes is used in both situations.
¿Tú o Usted? 1. The dentist 2. Your best friend 3. Your sister 4. The police 5. The principal 6. The president 7. Miguel 8. Your teacher 9. Your mom or dad 10. Victoria
Subjects Pronouns and Verbs In Spanish a verb can tell the subject of the sentence all by itself! This happens when you conjugate the verb. However, it is often times necessary to use a subject pronoun to help clarify the conjugation of the verb. Now, lets learn a verb conjugation!
SER- TO BE Yo- SOY( I am) Tú- ERES (you fam are) Usted ÉlES(___ is/are) Ella One specific name Nosotros Nosotras SOMOS(we are) Vosotros and Vosotras Ustedes Ellos Ellas 2 or more specific names Sois (You all are) (You all are) (They are) Son
Vamos a practicar… Choose the correct form of the verb ser for the following subject pronouns. 1. Ellos 2. Ella 3. Yo 4. Juan y María 5. Nosotras 6. You (Plural and Familiar) 7. Tú 8. José y yo 9. Ustedes 10. You familiar / Singular 11. Usted
Más práctica Now choose the subject pronoun for each form of the verb SER. 1. Son 2. Eres 3. Es 4. Somos 5. Sois 6. Es 7. Son 8. Eres 9. Somos 10. Soy
Ser: to tell where you are from You use ser to tell where people are from. Here is the formula: Subject + Ser + de + country. Ex: Yo soy de Chile. Tú eres de Perú. Ellos son de Honduras.
Make into a sentence 1. Yo/Argentina 2. Tú/ Nicaragua 3. Nosotros/ Paraguay 4. Vosotros/Los Estados Unidos 5. El policía/ Cuba 6. La maestra/ Venezuela 7. Los muchachos/ El Salvador 8. Miguel y yo/ Puerto Rico 9. Tú/ México 10. Ellos/ /Colombia 11. El hombre y la mujer/ Chile