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41`242.948 peoples 71% urban, 28% rural COLOMBIA America of the south.

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Presentación del tema: "41`242.948 peoples 71% urban, 28% rural COLOMBIA America of the south."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 41` peoples 71% urban, 28% rural COLOMBIA America of the south

2 THE CATTLE RAISING It generates 3% of the national wealth It participes with the 26% del PIB agropecuario it representa of the 60% del PIB pecuario. Murgueitio E., Cuartas C. y J. Naranjo (eds) ` - 23` bovines Cebú 80.5% Bos taurus – 19.4% Native os – 0.1% COLOMBIA

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4 Piedemonte llanero 3` Has Plane Altillanura 4` Plane Altillanura 4` Has Savanna inundable 6`07 Savanna inundable 6` has Altillanura disectada Has ORINOQUIA COLOMBIANA Tº 24-28ºC PRECIPITACIÓN mm/año

5 UsesArea (mill-has) Percentaje (%) Agriculture and grasses Savannas, swamps, moors forest, forests Urban areas and rivers TOTAL Type of vegetation, uses and covering of the Colombian Orinoquía

6 BOVINES NATIVES Bovines BON SM ROMO CCC HARTON DEL VALLE CHINO SANTANDEREANO CASANAREÑO LUCERNA VELASQUEZ CAQUETEÑA

7 MEAT Syst. Cría Altillanura S. Inundable Piedemonte Syst. FEED MILK Sys. Double purpose Piedemonte Systems of Cattle Production

8 REGIONPiedemonteAltillanuraInundable Savanna Total ORINOQUIA NATIONAL Bovine population in Orinoquia Estadística FEDEGAN 2006

9 Employment generation : Agricultural sector 7% National 28% Orinoquia Fuente: DANE, Cálculos Fedegan 200

10 I use sustainable of the resources genetic animals and vegetables Clean technologies and end products with added value Adjusted productive Systems to the tropical environmental offer Invigoration of the capacity of technological research and development in tropical systems MAIN CHALLENGES

11 Recovery of degraded prairies Preserved forages and development of feeding systems Species forrajeras for specific niches including leguminous arbustivas and herbaceous ¶ RESOURCE FORRAJERO I design and establishment of systems silvopastoriles Production and scaling of seeds of species enhanced forrajeras Development of strategies for the handling of the resource hídrico for cattle systems DEMANDS TECHNOLOGICAL

12 Genetic improvement toward the productivity and quality of channels and meat courts. Use of biotechnologies Valuation and strategic use of the resources genetic Creoles ANIMAL RESOURCE Development of technologies that improve the patterns of quality and innocuousness (microbiológica and composicional) of the milk and the meat Good you practice cattlemen and trazabilidad Regional Models Of Cattle Production Systems of information georefenciada QUALITY AND INOCUDAD OF MEAT AND MILKY PRODUCTS DEMANDS TECHNOLOGICAL

13 System of Technological Information I design of new models of development cattleman for productive niche Productive transfer of tecnología (Nichos- productive models - Successful companies) Managerial administration OTHER DEMANS TECHNOLOGICAL DEMANDS TECHNOLOGICAL

14 PARAMETERSTREE OF FICUS TREE OF MANGO BOSQUEPOLISOM- BRA 80% TECHADO ETERNIT OPEN FIELD Tem. Ambiental Tem. Del viento Tem. Max.1/2hora Tem. Min1./2hora Humedad R. (%) Radiación solar Vel.del viento m/seg Precipación mm Presión barom EVALUATION OF THE MICROCLIMATE OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF SHADE UNDER CONDITIONS OF THE PIEDEMONTE LLANERO IN THE HOURS OF MORE TEMPERATURE Dry time

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16 Tipo de tecnología aplicada Capacidad de Carga (UGG) Ganancia de peso (g/an/dí a) Natalid ad % Mortalid ad % Peso deste te Kg I.P (días) EPP (mes) Edad destet e (mes) Productivi dad (Kg/ha/a ño) Sabana nativa Sab Nat + PM + manejo reprod B. decumbens B. d +ug + manej reprod Cultivos + pastos + manejo reprod Suplementac estrat. Pract+ manejo repr. Disponibilidad sombra U.G.G: 400 Kg peso vivo 1: Peso a monta 350 Kg 2: Peso a monta 320 Kg IP: Intervalo entre partos EPP: Edad al primer parto CATTLE TECHNICAL INDICATORS IN THE SYSTEMS OF PRODUCTION BOVINE MEAT – ALTILLANURA

17 CORPOICA – C.I LA LIBERTAD – GRUPO PECUARIO CATTLE TECHNICAL INDICATORS IN THE BOVINE SYSTEMS OF PRODUCTION IN THE PIEDEMONTE AND ALTILLANURA CEBA Tipo de tecnología aplicada Capacitad de carga UGG Ganancia de peso (g/an/día) Edad sacrificio (mes) Peso final (Kg)Productividad (Kg/ha/año) B. decumbens1.5 – – B. decumbens + legum 1.5 – – B.decumbens + suplemento + cultivos* Subproductos/ granos UGG: 400 Kg peso vivo * Cultivos: Maíz millo, caña, cratylia, soya

18 CORPOICA – C.I LA LIBERTAD – GRUPO PECUARIO CATTLE TECHNICAL INDICATORS IN THE BOVINE SYSTEMS OF PRODUCTION IN THE PIEDEMONTE AND ALTILLANURA DOUBLE PURPOSE Tipo de tecnologia aplicada B. decumbens (tradicional) Brachiaria sp (aplicación tecnología + Manej reprod) Brachiaria. sp + forrajes cosecha +manejo reprod Brachiaria sp + forraje cosecha +concentrado y manejo reproductivo disponibilidad sombra Capacidad de carga/ UGG Natalidad (%) Peso destete (Kg) Ganancia de peso (g/an/día) IEP (días) EPP (mes) Producción leche (vaca/día) Lactancia (días) Producción lactancia (lts) UGG: 400 Kg peso vivo Animales hasta destete LECHE

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20 Integration Agricola,Pecuaria and Forest to take place in harmony with the nature for benefit of producers and Of Country


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