Presentación del tema: "Stem-Changing Verbs Stem-changing verbs have a spelling change in the stem. The stem can be identified by dropping off the infinitive ending (-AR, -ER."— Transcripción de la presentación:
Stem-Changing Verbs Stem-changing verbs have a spelling change in the stem. The stem can be identified by dropping off the infinitive ending (-AR, -ER or –IR) There are 4 types of stem- changing verbs: E > IE, E > I, O > UE and U > UE.
To figure out what kind of change takes place….. First, identify the stem. Drop off the infinitive ending – the letters that are left are called the stem. COMENZAR Next, look at the vowel that is CLOSEST to the end of the stem. Thats the vowel that will change.
Sometimes its real easy to figure out the change… DORMIR … and sometimes its not. PREFERIR E > I ???E > IE ??? If the verb is an –IR infinitive, its likely to be an stem-changing verb. E > I (See your notes for exceptions) O > UE
The change can be seen in all forms except NOSOTROS and VOSOTROS Jugamos Jugáis Juegan Juego Juegas Juega These verbs are referred to as boot or shoe verbs.
Stem-changing verbs are regular verbs and, therefore, will use regular –AR, -ER and –IR endings: -O-AMOS -AS-ÁIS -A-AN -O-IMOS -ES-ÍS -E-EN -O-EMOS -ES-ÉIS -E-EN - AR - ER - IR
Jugar – To play Jugamos Jugáis Juegan UUE Juego Juegas Juega
Costar (el libro) costar cuest a The book costs
Servir (el restaurante) servir sirv e The restaurant serves
Querer (nosotros) querer quier But wait! This is a nosotros form! We want queremos
What do you remember about stem-changing verbs? Stem-changing verbs have a ________ change in the stem. That change will happen in all forms except…… There are _____ types of stem-changing verbs. (Can you name them?) The vowel _____ ____ ____ ______ _______ is the one that changes. If the verb is an –IR infinitive, its likely to be a ___ > ___ change.
Practice with the stem-changing verbs through your homework. If you have a difficult time, please come in for some extra help. Help is available every day during both lunches.