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Stem-Changing Verbs Stem-changing verbs have a spelling change in the stem. The stem can be identified by dropping off the infinitive ending (-AR, -ER.

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Presentación del tema: "Stem-Changing Verbs Stem-changing verbs have a spelling change in the stem. The stem can be identified by dropping off the infinitive ending (-AR, -ER."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Stem-Changing Verbs Stem-changing verbs have a spelling change in the stem. The stem can be identified by dropping off the infinitive ending (-AR, -ER or –IR) There are 4 types of stem- changing verbs: E > IE, E > I, O > UE and U > UE.

2 To figure out what kind of change takes place….. First, identify the stem. Drop off the infinitive ending – the letters that are left are called the stem. COMENZAR Next, look at the vowel that is CLOSEST to the end of the stem. Thats the vowel that will change.

3 Sometimes its real easy to figure out the change… DORMIR … and sometimes its not. PREFERIR E > I ???E > IE ??? If the verb is an –IR infinitive, its likely to be an stem-changing verb. E > I (See your notes for exceptions) O > UE

4 The change can be seen in all forms except NOSOTROS and VOSOTROS Jugamos Jugáis Juegan Juego Juegas Juega These verbs are referred to as boot or shoe verbs.

5 Stem-changing verbs are regular verbs and, therefore, will use regular –AR, -ER and –IR endings: -O-AMOS -AS-ÁIS -A-AN -O-IMOS -ES-ÍS -E-EN -O-EMOS -ES-ÉIS -E-EN - AR - ER - IR

6 Jugar – To play Jugamos Jugáis Juegan UUE Juego Juegas Juega

7 Jugar (yo) jugar jueg o I play

8 Poder (yo) poder pued o I can (am able to)

9 Poder – To be able Podemos Podéis Pueden OUE Puedo Puedes Puede

10 Dormir – To sleep Dormimos Dormís Duermen OUE Duermo Duermes Duerme

11 Pensar – To think about Pensamos Pensáis Piensan EIE Pienso Piensas Piensa

12 Querer – To want Queremos Queréis Quieren EIE Quiero Quieres Quiere Remember the commercial: Yo quiero Taco Bell?

13 Preferir – To prefer Preferimos Preferís Prefieren EIE Prefiero Prefieres Prefiere

14 Pedir – To ask for Pedimos Pedís Piden EI Pido Pides Pide

15 Some other common stem-changing verbs……..

16 Almorzar – to have lunch almorzar almuer- O > UE Costar – to cost costar cuest- O > UE

17 Decir – to say, tell decir dic- E > I Doler – to hurt doler duel- O > UE

18 Empezar – to begin empezar empiez- E > IE Entender – to understand entender entiend- E > IE

19 Llover – to rain llover lluev- O > UE Nevar – to snow nevar niev- E > IE

20 Repetir – to repeat repetir repit- E > I Servir – to serve servir sirv- E > I

21 Lets do some practice! (get those white boards out) Conjugate the stem-changing verb for the subject provided. Use THE PROCESS if you can and your notes only if you need to.

22 Pedir (yo) pedir pid o I ask for

23 Almorzar (ellas) almorzar almuerz an They have lunch

24 Entender (Uds.) entender entiend en You (all) understand

25 Empezar (tú) empezar empiez as You begin

26 Costar (el libro) costar cuest a The book costs

27 Servir (el restaurante) servir sirv e The restaurant serves

28 Querer (nosotros) querer quier But wait! This is a nosotros form! We want queremos

29 What do you remember about stem-changing verbs? Stem-changing verbs have a ________ change in the stem. That change will happen in all forms except…… There are _____ types of stem-changing verbs. (Can you name them?) The vowel _____ ____ ____ ______ _______ is the one that changes. If the verb is an –IR infinitive, its likely to be a ___ > ___ change.

30 Practice with the stem-changing verbs through your homework. If you have a difficult time, please come in for some extra help. Help is available every day during both lunches.


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