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1 Social and Economic Data Goals: To analyze socioeconomic trends and variability (focusing on agricultural policy) for agriculture and agricultural producers.

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Presentación del tema: "1 Social and Economic Data Goals: To analyze socioeconomic trends and variability (focusing on agricultural policy) for agriculture and agricultural producers."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 1 Social and Economic Data Goals: To analyze socioeconomic trends and variability (focusing on agricultural policy) for agriculture and agricultural producers for the last thirty years. To evaluate current situation of agriculture and agricultural producers and their adaptive capacity to climate variability. Based on this evaluation, to envision possible directions of development in the sector To determine main causal factors of vulnerability.

2 2 Social and Economic Information Activities: Data collection at two leves: National (from secondary data) General: GDP, unemployement rate, human development indicators, etc. Specific to Agriculture: production and productivity, relative prices for agriculture, insurance and credit markets, available technologies, etc. Regional (study site) General (from secondary data): population, migration, evolution of industrial and service sectors, etc. Specific to Agriculture at farm level (from survey):

3 3 Social and Economic Information Survey Data from agricultural producers Economic: financial and economic situation, productive organization, hired labor / family labor, other sources of income, etc. Social: educational levels, household size, family migration trends, participation in farmers corporations, etc. Environmental: land degradation, agrochemical use, underground water availability, etc. Specific Resources for adaptation to climate: irrigation system, farm insurance, crop varieties, technical assistance, use of climate information, etc. Farmers perceptions on climate impacts: adverse climatic events, frenquency and magnitude, kind of damage, etc.

4 Sequía (mar -mayo 82) Sequía Brasil Calor, frio, lluvias dañosos (nov-dic 86) Helada severa (dic 89) Sequía (otoño 90) Ola de calor (mayo 95) Lluvias fuertes (mayo 97), huracán Paulina (oct), helada (dic) Sequía (mayo-jun 98), Heladas (oct 99) Sequía (abr. 00) Desaparación del sistema de cuotas Re-estructuración de INMECAFE Buscan alternativas Crisis, rescate, nueva política Problemas en comercialización, incrementos en costos de producción enfoque en cantidad, no calidad Sector social no maneja bien beneficios. Problemas de calidad. Venta de terrenos. Emigración. Escazes en mano de obra. Problemas financieros. Precios se desrumban. Emigración. Costos se incrementan La broca Caída en precios Caída en los precios Solidaridad, Art. 27 Repunte

5 5 Caso de Café Metodos –Revisión de Diario de Xalapa, –Entrevistas con representantes del sector (20) –Colaboración con INIFAP (sector público) –Análisis sobre la fenología del café (Dra. Lourdes Villers y NancyArizpe) –Correlación de datos precios, superficie cosechada, y precipitación (estatal y nacional) –Encuestas en dos comunidades (60 total) –Grupos focales en el tema de clima-café (Con INIFAP)


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