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1.2 MIS AMIGOS Y YO Cornell notes Spanish I. TEMA; ARTICLES & AGREEMENT PREGUNTA ESENCIAL; How will I use descriptive adjectives to describe myself and.

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Presentación del tema: "1.2 MIS AMIGOS Y YO Cornell notes Spanish I. TEMA; ARTICLES & AGREEMENT PREGUNTA ESENCIAL; How will I use descriptive adjectives to describe myself and."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 1.2 MIS AMIGOS Y YO Cornell notes Spanish I

2 TEMA; ARTICLES & AGREEMENT PREGUNTA ESENCIAL; How will I use descriptive adjectives to describe myself and others?

3

4 LETS RECAP…. A noun…person, place, or thing ( Señora Castro, Puerto Rico, el coche) An adjective/adjetivo…describes a noun (the handsome boy) el chico guapo

5 LETS RECAP…. There are 2 kinds of articles (in English) definite (the) indefinite (a an) (the car, a house, an apple) There are 2 kinds of articles/artículos (in Spanish) definite/definido (el, los, la, las) indefinite/indefinido (un, una, unos, unas)

6 GENDER; ALL nouns have gender (feminine or masculine) Most nouns that end in –o are masculine Most nouns that end in -a are feminine Some examples; -el amigo -la amiga -el refresco -la pizza

7 WHAT IF... Nouns end in -sión, -ción, -dad, or -tad? la televisión la conversación la ciudad la libertad Which gender do you think they belong to???

8 HOW ABOUT… If the noun ends in another letter ? Some examples; el doctor el profesor el estudiante el señor Which gender do you think it belongs to?

9 DEFINITE ARTICLES; singularplural masculine ellos feminine lalas There are 4 ways to say THE in Spanish ALL articles in Spanish have gender and number

10 EXCEPTIONS; You should learn the article because that will tell you the gender of the noun. Some examples la corbata el vestido

11 A DEFINITE ARTICLE… IS USED WITH SPECIFIC PERSONS, PLACES, OR THINGS. Some examples; -el…el chico (the boy) -la…la chica (the girl) -los…los chicos (the boys) -las…las chicas (the girls)

12 INDEFINITE ARTICLES; Singularplural masculine ununos feminine unaunas There are 4 ways to say A or AN in Spanish ALL articles in Spanish have gender and number

13 AN INDEFINITE ARTICLE … IS USED WITH NONSPECIFIC PEOPLE, PLACES, OR THINGS Some examples; -un… un chico (a boy) -unos… unos chicos (some boys) -una… una manzana (an apple) -unas… unas manzanas (some apples)

14 TO MAKE A NOUN PLURAL… ADD -s if it ends in a vowel Some examples; libros papas chicos chicas vestidos pizzas

15 TO MAKE A NOUN PLURAL… ADD -es if it ends in a consonant Some examples; doctores conversaciones profesores televisiones trabajadores universidades

16 MAKE SURE! The gender and number match… Some examples; el libro un chico la pluma una chica los libros unos chicos las plumas unas chicas

17 NOUN ADJECTIVE AGREEMENT The adjective must match the number and gender… Some examples; definiteindefinite singularel libro pequeño la pluma pequeña un chico guapo una chica bonita plurallos libros grandes las plumas grandes unos chicos malos unas chicas guapas

18 LETS RECAP Nouns are either:masculine -ofeminine –a Nouns ending in:-sión, -ión, -dad, -tudfeminine All other endings:aremasculine 4 waysto say THEel, la, los, las 4 waysto say A or ANun, una, unos, unas Articles must have:gender and numbermust match To make nouns pluraladd –s (to vowel)add –es (to consonant) nounadjectiveagreement


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