2 Number and GenderAdjectives are words which describe nouns or pronouns.In Spanish, all adjectives must agree in number and gender with the nouns they describe.Gender : nouns are either masculine or feminineNumber: nouns are either singular or plural.
3 So what is a “masculine” noun anyway? Masculine nouns usually end with the letters L-O-N-E-R-S.Feminine nouns usually end in the lettersC-ion, D, A.To make nouns or adjectives plural add “s” to words ending with vowels, add “es” to words ending with consonants.Ex. El chico ---- Los chicosel papel ---- Los papeles
4 Examples of masculine and feminine nouns : Masculine FeminineL – el papel D – la ciudadO – el amigo ion – la televisiónN – el jardín *Z – la actrizE – el cine A – la amigaR – el borradorS – gris*Z – el lápiz
5 Are these nouns masculine or feminine? LecciónTintaUniversidadEdificiodedo
6 How to use adjectivesUnlike English, in Spanish, adjectives usually follow the nouns they describe.Ex. Un chico trabajadorUnos chicos trabajadoresUna chica trabajadoraUnas chicas trabajadoras
7 How would you say the following? The short girlA fat dog (GORDO/A)The pretty shirt (CAMISA)Some ugly pants (FEO/A; PANTALONES)
8 Exceptions:When a noun or adjective ends in “Z” the z is changed to a “c” before making it pluralEl lápiz los lapiCesThe following are common exceptions to gender rules:El aguaEl díaLa manoEl problema (and other words ending with “ma”)La florLa sal
9 Thank you to…This PowerPoint presentation was created by the above source, and was slightly modified (11/28/11).
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