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Adjective/Noun Agreement It all has to match!. Number and Gender Adjectives are words which describe nouns or pronouns. In Spanish, all adjectives must.

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Presentación del tema: "Adjective/Noun Agreement It all has to match!. Number and Gender Adjectives are words which describe nouns or pronouns. In Spanish, all adjectives must."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Adjective/Noun Agreement It all has to match!

2 Number and Gender Adjectives are words which describe nouns or pronouns. In Spanish, all adjectives must agree in number and gender with the nouns they describe. Gender : nouns are either masculine or feminine Number: nouns are either singular or plural.

3 So what is a masculine noun anyway? Masculine nouns usually end with the letters L-O- N-E-R-S. Feminine nouns usually end in the letters C-ion, D, A. To make nouns or adjectives plural add s to words ending with vowels, add es to words ending with consonants. Ex. El chico ---- Los chicos el papel ---- Los papeles

4 Examples of masculine and feminine nouns : MasculineFeminine L – el papelD – la ciudad O – el amigoion – la televisión N – el jardín*Z – la actriz E – el cineA – la amiga R – el borrador S – gris *Z – el lápiz

5 Are these nouns masculine or feminine? 1. Lección 2. Tinta 3. Universidad 4. Edificio 5. dedo

6 How to use adjectives Unlike English, in Spanish, adjectives usually follow the nouns they describe. Ex. Un chico trabajador Unos chicos trabajadores Una chica trabajadora Unas chicas trabajadoras

7 How would you say the following? 1. The short girl 2. A fat dog (GORDO/A) 3. The pretty shirt (CAMISA) 4. Some ugly pants (FEO/A; PANTALONES)

8 Exceptions: When a noun or adjective ends in Z the z is changed to a c before making it plural El lápiz los lapiCes The following are common exceptions to gender rules: El agua El día La mano El problema (and other words ending with ma) La flor La sal

9 Thank you to… y/site/default.asp y/site/default.asp This PowerPoint presentation was created by the above source, and was slightly modified (11/28/11).


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