La descarga está en progreso. Por favor, espere

La descarga está en progreso. Por favor, espere

8.4 Comparisons and superlatives ANTE TODO Spanish and English use comparisons to indicate which of two people or things has a lesser, equal, or greater.

Presentaciones similares


Presentación del tema: "8.4 Comparisons and superlatives ANTE TODO Spanish and English use comparisons to indicate which of two people or things has a lesser, equal, or greater."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 8.4 Comparisons and superlatives ANTE TODO Spanish and English use comparisons to indicate which of two people or things has a lesser, equal, or greater degree of a quality. Both languages also use superlatives to express the highest or lowest degree of a quality.

2 8.4 Comparisons and superlatives COMPARISONS Inequality InequalityEquality menos interesante más grande tan sabroso como less interesting bigger as delicious as SUPERLATIVES IrregularIrregularRegular la / el mejor la / el peor la más alta the best the worst the tallest

3 8.4 Comparisons and superlatives Comparisons of inequality are formed by placing más (more) or menos (less) before adjectives, adverbs, and nouns and que (than) after them. adjective más/menos + adverb + que noun Comparisons of inequality

4 8.4 Comparisons and superlatives ADJECTIVES Los bistecs son más caros que el pollo. Steaks are more expensive than chicken. Estas uvas son menos sabrosas que esa pera. These grapes are less tasty than that pear. Comparisons of inequality

5 8.4 Comparisons and superlatives ADVERBS Me acuesto más tarde que tú. I go to bed later than you (do). Mi hermano se despierta menos temprano que yo. My brother wakes up less early than I (do). Comparisons of inequality

6 8.4 Comparisons and superlatives NOUNS Juan prepara más platos que José. Juan prepares more dishes than José (does). Susana come menos carne que Enrique. Susan eats less meat than Enrique (does). Comparisons of inequality

7 8.4 Comparisons and superlatives ¡ATENCIÓN! Note that while English has a comparative form for short adjectives (taller), such forms do not exist in Spanish (más alto). English: tall taller intelligentmore intelligent When the comparison involves a numerical expression, de is used before the number instead of que. Hay más de cincuenta naranjas. Llego en menos de diez minutos.

8 8.4 Comparisons and superlatives With verbs, the following construction is used to make comparisons of inequality: [ verb ] + más/menos que Mis hermanos comen más que yo. My brothers eat more than I (do). Arturo duerme menos que su padre. Arturo sleeps less than his father (does).

9 8.4 Comparisons and superlatives The following construction is used to make comparisons of equality. tan + adjective + como adverb tanto/a (s) + singular noun + como plural noun Comparisons of equality

10 8.4 Comparisons and superlatives Este plato es tan delicioso como aquél. This dish is as delicious as that one (is). Ustedes probaron tantos platos como ellos. You tried as many dishes as they did. Comparisons of equality

11 8.4 Comparisons and superlatives ¡ATENCIÓN! Note that tanto acts as an adjective and therefore agrees in number and gender with the noun it modifies: tantas cosas. Tan and tanto can also be used for emphasis, rather than to compare, with these meanings: tan so, tanto so much, tantos/as so many. When used as such, the word como is omitted. ¡Tu almuerzo es tan grande! Your lunch is so big! ¡Comes tanto! You eat so much! ¡Comes tantas manzanas! You eat so many apples!

12 8.4 Comparisons and superlatives Comparisons of equality with verbs are formed by placing tanto como after the verb. Note that in this construction tanto does not change in number or gender. [ verb ] + tanto como No duermo tanto como mi tía. I dont sleep as much as my aunt (does). Estudiamos tanto como ustedes. We study as much as you (do).

13 8.4 Comparisons and superlatives The following construction is used to form superlatives. Note that the noun is always preceded by a definite article and that de is equivalent to the English in or of. el / la / los / las + [ noun ] + más / menos + [ adjective ] + de Es el café más rico del país. Its the most delicious coffee in the country. Es el menú menos caro de todos éstos. It is the least expensive menu of all of these. Superlatives

14 8.4 Comparisons and superlatives ¡ATENCIÓN! While más alone means more, after el or la (or los or las), it means most. Superlatives

15 8.4 Comparisons and superlatives The noun in a superlative construction can be omitted if the person, place, or thing referred to is clear. ¿El restaurante El Cráter? The El Cráter restaurant? Es el más elegante de la ciudad. Its the most elegant (one) in the city. Recomiendo el pollo asado. I recommend the roast chicken. Es el más sabroso del menú. Its the most delicious on the menu. Superlatives

16 8.4 Comparisons and superlatives Irregular comparatives and superlatives AdjectiveComparative FormSuperlative Form bueno/a/os/asgoodmejor(es)better el/lalos/las mejor(es) (the) best malo/a/os/asbadpeor(es)worse el/la/los/las peor(es) (the) worst grande(s)big más grande(s) (size) mayor(es) (age) bigger el/la/los/las más grande(s) el/la/los/las mayor(es) (the) biggest pequeño(a/os/as)small más pequeño (a/os/as) (size) menor(es) (age) smaller el/la/los/las menor(es) (the) smallest joven/jóvenesyoungmenor(es)younger el/la/los/las menor(es) (the) youngest viejo/a/os/asoldmayor(es)older el/la/los/las mayor(es) (the) oldest

17 8.4 Comparisons and superlatives When grande and pequeño/a refer to age, the irregular comparative and superlative forms, mayor and menor, are used. Note: When using an irregular comparative or superlative, the words más/menos are not used at all. Irregular comparatives and superlatives

18 8.4 Comparisons and superlatives However, when these adjectives refer to size, the regular forms, más grande and más pequeño/a, are used. Isabel es la mayor de su familia. Isabel is the eldest in her family. Tu ensalada es más grande que ésa. Your salad is bigger than that one. Yo soy menor que tú. Im younger than you. Pedí el plato más pequeño del menú. I ordered the smallest dish on the menu. Irregular comparatives and superlatives

19 8.4 Comparisons and superlatives The adverbs bien and mal have the same irregular comparative forms as the adjectives bueno/a and malo/a. Julio nada mejor que los otros chicos. Julio swims better than the other boys. Ellas cantan peor que las otras chicas. They sing worse than the other girls. Irregular comparatives and superlatives

20 8.4 Comparisons and superlatives In Spanish the absolute superlative is equivalent to extremely, exceptionally, super, or very before an adjective or adverb. An absolute superlative: Me gusta(n) muchísimo… Absolute superlatives

21 8.4 Comparisons and superlatives To form the absolute superlative of most adjectives and adverbs, drop the final vowel, if there is one, and add -ísimo/a(s). malo mal- malísimo mucho much- muchísimo ¡El bistec está malísimo! Comes muchísimo. The steak is very bad! You eat a lot (very, very much). difícil + -ísimo dificilísimo fácil + ísimo facilísimo Esta prueba es dificilísima. Los exámenes son facilísimos. This quiz is exceptionally difficult. The tests are extremely easy. Absolute superlatives

22 8.4 Comparisons and superlatives Adjectives and adverbs whose stem ends in c, g, or z change spelling to qu, gu, and c in the absolute superlative. rico riquísimo largo larguísimo feliz felicísimo Absolute superlatives

23 8.4 Comparisons and superlatives Adjectives that end in –n or –r normally form the absolute superlative by adding -císimo. joven + -císimo jovencísimo trabajador + -císimo trabajadorcísimo Absolute superlatives

24 8.4 Comparisons and superlatives ¡INTÉNTALO! Escribe el equivalente de las palabras en inglés. Comparativos 1.(than) Ernesto mira más televisión ____ Alberto. que 2. (less) Tú eres ____ simpático que Federico. menos 3. (as much) La camarera sirve ____ carne como pescado. tanta 4. (more) Conozco ____ restaurantes que tú. más

25 8.4 Comparisons and superlatives 5. (as much as) No estudio ____ tú. tanto como 6. (as) ¿Sabes jugar al tenis tan bien ____ tu hermana? como 7. (as many) ¿Puedes beber ____ refrescos como yo? tantos 8. (as) Mis amigos parecen ____ simpáticos como ustedes. tan

26 8.4 Comparisons and superlatives ¡INTÉNTALO! Escribe el equivalente de las palabras en inglés. Superlativos 1.(the most intelligent) Marisa es _____ de todas. la más inteligente 2. (the least boring) Ricardo y Tomás son _____ de la fiesta. los menos aburridos 3. (the worst) Miguel y Antonio son _____ estudiantes de la clase. los peores 4. (the oldest) Mi profesor de biología es _____ de la universidad. el mayor

27 8.4 Comparisons and superlatives 5. (extremely delicious:rico ) El pollo de este supermercado es _____. riquísimo 6. (the youngest) Carlos es _____ de mis hermanos. el menor 7. (the best) Este plato es _____ del restaurante. el mejor 8. (extremely tall) Sara es _____. altísima


Descargar ppt "8.4 Comparisons and superlatives ANTE TODO Spanish and English use comparisons to indicate which of two people or things has a lesser, equal, or greater."

Presentaciones similares


Anuncios Google