Presentación del tema: "10.4 Adverbs ANTE TODO Adverbs are words that describe how, when, and where actions take place. They can modify verbs, adjectives, and even other adverbs."— Transcripción de la presentación:
10.4 Adverbs ANTE TODO Adverbs are words that describe how, when, and where actions take place. They can modify verbs, adjectives, and even other adverbs. In previous lessons, you have already learned many Spanish adverbs, such as the ones below. bien nunca temprano mal hoy ayer muy siempre aquí
10.4 Adverbs The most common adverbs are those which end in –mente. These are equivalent to the English adverbs which end in -ly. fácilmente easily generalmente generally verdaderamente truly, really simplemente simply
10.4 Adverbs To form adverbs which end in –mente, add –mente to the feminine form of the adjective. If the adjective does not have a special feminine form, just add –mente to the standard form. FEMININE ADJECTIVE FORM SUFFIX ADVERB seguro segura -mente seguramente fabuloso fabulosa -mente fabulosamente enorme -mente enormemente feliz -mente felizmente
10.4 Adverbs ¡ATENCIÓN! When a sentence contains two or more adverbs in sequence, the suffix –mente is dropped from all but the last adverb. El médico nos habló simple y abiertamente. The doctor spoke to us simply and openly. Yo camino lenta y cuidadosamente. I walk slowly and carefully. Adjectives do not lose their accents when adding –mente. fácil fácilmente débil débilmente
10.4 Adverbs Adverbs that end in –mente generally follow the verb, while adverbs that modify an adjective or another adverb precede the word they modify. Javier dibuja maravillosamente. Javier draws wonderfully. Inés está casi siempre ocupada. Inés is almost always busy.
10.4 Adverbs Common adverbs and adverbial expressions a menudo often de vez en cuando from time to time a tiempo on time despacio slowly a veces sometimes menos less además (del) in addition to muchas veces a lot; many times apenas hardly poco little así like this pronto soon bastante enough; rather por lo menos at least casi almost rápido quickly con frecuencia frequently
10.4 Adverbs ¡ATENCIÓN! Rápido functions as an adjective (Ella tiene una computadora rápida.) as well as an adverb (Ella corre rápido.). Note that as an adverb, rápido does not need to agree with any other word in the sentence. You can also use the adverb rápidamente (Ella corre rápidamente).
10.4 Adverbs Un poco más… Sometimes adverbs that end in mente can also be expressed as con + the noun form. frecuentemente = con frecuencia cuidadosamente = con cuidado