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El Estudio de Preescolar Perry de High/Scope a la de 40 Larry Schweinhart High/Scope Educational Research Foundation www.highscope.org.

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Presentación del tema: "El Estudio de Preescolar Perry de High/Scope a la de 40 Larry Schweinhart High/Scope Educational Research Foundation www.highscope.org."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 El Estudio de Preescolar Perry de High/Scope a la de 40 Larry Schweinhart High/Scope Educational Research Foundation

2 Diseño Experimental 123 niños pequeños afroamericanos, viviendo en situación de pobreza y con riesgo de fracasar en la escuela. 123 niños pequeños afroamericanos, viviendo en situación de pobreza y con riesgo de fracasar en la escuela. Asignados aleatoriamente a grupos con programa y sin programa. Asignados aleatoriamente a grupos con programa y sin programa. 4 maestros con licenciatura tuvieron clases diarias con de tres u cuatro años de edad e hicieron visitas semanales a sus casas. 4 maestros con licenciatura tuvieron clases diarias con de tres u cuatro años de edad e hicieron visitas semanales a sus casas. Los niños participaron en su propia educación planeando, realizando y evaluando sus propias actividades. Los niños participaron en su propia educación planeando, realizando y evaluando sus propias actividades.

3 Principales resultados en el tiempo

4 Mas graduados de preparatoria

5 Más empleados, salarios más altos

6 Menor cantidad de arrestos por varios tipos de crímenes

7 Mejor salud y relaciones familiares

8 Diferentes efectos en hombres y mujeres

9 Gran retorno de la inversión (Por participante en dólares constantes del 2000 descontados al 3% anual)

10 Aplicaciones del estudio: Programa « Los maestros ayudan a los niños a participar en su propia educación permitiéndoles planear, realizar y evaluar sus propias actividades. « Los maestros tienen clases diariamente con niños de 3 a 4 años incluyendo aquellos en riesgo de fracaso escolar, con un adulto por cada 8 niños. « Los maestros visitan las familias frecuentemente para hablar del desarrollo de los niños.

11 Study applications: Teachers è A teacher with a bachelors degree and certification in education in every classroom. è All teachers receive training, supervision, and assessment that support their participatory educational approach.

12 Participatory preschool education prevents crime. In the High/Scope participatory education model: The classroom is arranged into activity areas. The classroom is arranged into activity areas. In the daily routine, children plan, do, and review their learning activities and engage in small- and whole-group activities. In the daily routine, children plan, do, and review their learning activities and engage in small- and whole-group activities. Teachers help children grow by treating them with respect, engaging them in conversation, and supporting their key child development experiences. Teachers help children grow by treating them with respect, engaging them in conversation, and supporting their key child development experiences.

13 Advantages of participatory education High/Scope Preschool Curriculum Study

14 Participatory education helps teachers and children develop. Training for Quality Study Certified High/Scope trainers have trained over 16,000 early childhood teaching teams, including one-third of Head Start. Certified High/Scope trainers have trained over 16,000 early childhood teaching teams, including one-third of Head Start. Classrooms with High/Scope-trained teachers have better learning environments, daily routines, adult- child-interaction, and overall implementation. Classrooms with High/Scope-trained teachers have better learning environments, daily routines, adult- child-interaction, and overall implementation. Children in these classrooms have better initiative, social relations, creative representation, music and movement skills, and overall development. Children in these classrooms have better initiative, social relations, creative representation, music and movement skills, and overall development.

15 Other studies find long-term return on investment. North Carolina Abecedarian high-quality child care study conducted by Craig Ramey and Frances Campbell North Carolina Abecedarian high-quality child care study conducted by Craig Ramey and Frances Campbell Chicago Child-Parent Centers study Conducted by Arthur Reynolds Chicago Child-Parent Centers study Conducted by Arthur Reynolds Elmira, New York, nurse home visiting program study conducted by David Olds Elmira, New York, nurse home visiting program study conducted by David Olds

16 High/Scopes new emphasis on childrens literacy skills The Growing Readers Early The Growing Readers Early Literacy Curriculum is a set of detailed plans for small-group activities. The Early Literacy Skills Assessment, for any curriculum, is based on interactive reading of a storybook. The Early Literacy Skills Assessment, for any curriculum, is based on interactive reading of a storybook. -- Some components of Growing Readers and ELSA are available in Spanish. --

17 Growing literacy and social skills Head Start FACES Study èAlso, children in High/Scope Head Start classes improve become more cooperative and less hyperactive than children in other Head Start classes.

18 Four preschool characteristics predict childrens later ability around the world. IEA Preprimary Study Having free-choice, participatory learning activities. Having free-choice, participatory learning activities. Having few whole-group activities. Having few whole-group activities. Amount and variety of materials. Amount and variety of materials. Teachers schooling. Teachers schooling.

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