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IRREGULAR PRETERITES: VENIR, PONER, DECIR, TRAER P. 274 Realidades 2.

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Presentación del tema: "IRREGULAR PRETERITES: VENIR, PONER, DECIR, TRAER P. 274 Realidades 2."— Transcripción de la presentación:

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2 IRREGULAR PRETERITES: VENIR, PONER, DECIR, TRAER P. 274 Realidades 2

3 Irregular Preterites: Venir, Poner, Decir, and Traer The verbs venir, poner, decir, and traer follow a pattern in the preterite that is similar to that of estar, poder, and tener. All these verbs have irregular stems and use the same unaccented endings.

4 Venir, Poner, Decir, and Traer Infinitive Decir Estar Poder Poner Tener Traer Venir Stem dij- estuv- pud- pus- tuv- traj- vin-

5 Irregular Preterites: Venir, Poner, Decir, and Traer Me trajeron una silla de ruedas y me dijeron que no debía tratar de caminar.

6 Irregular Preterites: Venir, Poner, Decir, and Traer Note that verbs like decir and traer, whose irregular stems end in j, drop the i in the Uds./ellos/ellas form and add only -eron.

7 Irregular Preterite Endings -e -iste -o -imos -isteis -ieron/- eron

8 PONER puse pusiste puso pusimos pusisteis pusieron

9 DECIR dije dijiste dijo dijimos dijisteis dijeron

10 TENER tuve tuviste tuvo tuvimos tuvisteis tuvieron

11 IMPERFECT PROGRESSIVE AND PRETERITE P. 277 Realidades 2

12 Imperfect Progressive and Preterite Do you remember the present progressive? Its used when a person wants to say that an action is happening right now.

13 Imperfect Progressive and Preterite It uses the present tense of estar + the present participle. No puedo ir al cine. Estoy estudiando para el examen.

14 Imperfect Progressive and Preterite To describe something that was taking place over a period of time in the past, use the imperfect progressive, which uses the imperfect tense of estar + the present participle.

15 Imperfect Progressive and Preterite Estaba esquiando cuando me caí y me torcí la rodilla. I was skiing when I fell and sprained my knee.

16 Imperfect Progressive and Preterite The present and imperfect progressive tenses use the same irregular present participles.

17 Imperfect Progressive and Preterite Remember, to form the present participle of -ir stem-changing verbs, e changes to i and o changes to u:

18 E > I decir? diciendo pedir? pidiendo repetir? repitiendo seguir? siguiendo servir? sirviendo vestir? vistiendo

19 O > U dormir? durmiendo

20 I > Y For the following -er verbs, the I of -iendo changes to y: creer? creyendo leer? leyendo traer? trayendo

21 Imperfect Progressive and Preterite When you use pronouns with the imperfect progressive, you can put them before estar or attach them to the participle.

22 Imperfect Progressive and Preterite ¿Qué estaba haciendo cuando te cortaste? Estaba afeitándome. Or Me estaba afeitando.

23 Imperfect Progressive and Preterite Note that the imperfect progressive describes what was taking place while the preterite tells a specific occurance in the past or interrupts the action.

24 Imperfect Progressive and Preterite Ella estaba corriendo cuando se lastimó el tobillo.


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