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©CAS 2002 There are three tenses that you can use: The Preterite The Imperfect The Perfect Preterite Tense I played I did play In English: The Imperfect.

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Presentación del tema: "©CAS 2002 There are three tenses that you can use: The Preterite The Imperfect The Perfect Preterite Tense I played I did play In English: The Imperfect."— Transcripción de la presentación:

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2 ©CAS 2002

3 There are three tenses that you can use: The Preterite The Imperfect The Perfect Preterite Tense I played I did play In English: The Imperfect I was playing I used to play The Perfect I have played

4 ©CAS 2002 In English:I played / I did play The Preterite Tense is formed by adding endings onto the stem. AR Verbs comprar I You (sg) He / she / it We You (pl) They compr compré compraste compró compramos comprasteis compraron

5 ©CAS 2002 Practice……… caminar (to walk) dibujar (to draw) hablar (to speak) mirar (to watch) trabajar (to work) 1.I walked 2.She watched 3.They worked 4.We drew 5.You (sg) spoke caminé miró trabajaron dibujamos hablaste 6.He spoke 7.You (pl) walked 8.I worked 9.We watched 10.I drew habló caminasteis trabajé miramos dibujé

6 ©CAS 2002 ER and IR Verbs vender vivir I You (sg) He / she / it We You (pl) They vend viv vendí viví vendiste viviste vendió vivió vendimos vivimos vendisteis vivisteis vendieron vivieron

7 ©CAS 2002 Practice……… romper (to break) correr (to run) comer (to eat) elegir (to choose) discutir (to discuss) 1. We ran 2. He ate 3. I chose 4. You (sg) broke 5. They discussed corrimos comió elegí rompiste discutieron 6. You (pl) broke 7. She discussed 8. We ate 9. I ran 10. You (sg) chose rompisteis discutió comimos corrí elegiste

8 ©CAS 2002 Irregular preterites: andar caber dar decir estar haber hacer ir poder poner producir querer saber ser tener traer venir ver to walk to fit to give to say to be to have to do/make to go to be able to put to produce to want to know to be to have to bring to come to see All of these verbs are irregular in the Preterite Tense. In other words, they dont follow any of the patterns that we have already seen. Check the summary sheet for the verb forms.

9 ©CAS 2002 In English:I was playing / I used to play Like the Preterite Tense, the Imperfect is formed by adding endings onto the stem. AR Verbs dejar ER and IR Verbs temer vivir dej tem viv dejaba dejabas dejaba dejaban dejabais dejábamos temía vivía temías vivías temía vivía temíamos vivíamos temíais vivíais temían vivían

10 ©CAS 2002 One of the good things about the Imperfect Tense is that it only has 3 irregular verbs ! Ser (to be) Ir (to go) Ver (to see) era eras era éramos erais eran iba ibas iba íbamos ibais iban veía veías veía veíamos veíais veían Irregular stem and endings Uses –AR endings Stem has an extra e

11 ©CAS 2002 Practice…… ganar (to win) cocinar (to cook) creer (to believe) esconder (to hide) decidir (to decide) 1. I was winning 2. You (pl) were hiding 3. He was cooking 4. We were deciding 5. You (sg) were believing ganaba escondíais cocinaba decidíamos creías 6. She used to believe 7. They used to hide 8. I used to win 9. We used to cook 10. You (sg) used to decide creía escondían ganaba cocinábamos decidías

12 ©CAS 2002 In English:I have played To form the Perfect Tense you need part of the verb haber and a past participle. haber he has ha hemos habéis han +past participle llegarllegllegado comercomcomido unirununido to arrive to eat to join I have arrivedHe llegado He has eatenHa comidoWe have joinedHemos unido You (sg) have eaten Has comido You (pl) have joined Habéis unido They have arrived Han llegado

13 ©CAS 2002 Practice……… What are the past participles of these verbs ? bailaramarpermitir deberaprenderentrar temerviviradmitir desearesperarbeber decidirprometerexistir bailado amado permitido debido aprendido entrado temido vivido admitido deseado esperado bebido decidido prometido existido

14 ©CAS 2002 There are some irregular past participles: abrir cubrir decir escribir hacer morir poner resolver ver volver to open to cover to say to write to do/make to die to put to solve to see to return abierto cubierto dicho escrito hecho muerto puesto resuelto visto vuelto

15 ©CAS 2002 So there you are… A tour of the past tenses Now have a go at the exercises to check your understanding

16 ©CAS 2002 FIN


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