Presentación del tema: "KS3 Spanish – Year 8 Nos presentamos Part 1 Unidad 7."— Transcripción de la presentación:
1 KS3 Spanish – Year 8Nos presentamos Part 1Unidad 7
2 Nos presentamos Contenido ¿Cómo son? Comparatives and superlatives Adverbs in -mente
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10 Comparatives and superlatives 1 In English, regular comparatives are expressed by adding-er to an adjective:big – bigger; tall – taller …or use:more + adjective + than less + adjective + thanIn Spanish, regular comparatives are expressed by using one of the following:más + adjective + que more … thanmenos + adjective + que less … thanNote that the adjective must agree with the gender of the subject. E.g. David es más alto que Fernando – David is taller than Fernando.Penélope es menos famosa que Jennifer – Penelope is less famous than Jennifer.Here are some examples:David es más alto que Fernando – David is taller than Fernando.Penélope es menos famosa que Jennifer – Penelope is less famous than Jennifer.
11 Comparatives and superlatives 2 In English, regular superlatives are expressed by adding-est to an adjective:big – biggest; tall – tallest …or use: the most + adjective the least + adjectiveIn Spanish, regular superlatives are expressed by using one of the following:el/la más + adjective + de the most … el/la menos + adjective + de the least …Here are some examples:Note that the article and adjective must agree with the gender of the subject. E.g. Jennifer López es la artista latina más famosa del mundo – Jennifer Lopez is the most famous latin artist in the world.Rafael Nadal es el deportista más famoso de España – Rafael Nadal is the most famous sportsperson in Spain.Jennifer López es la artista latina más famosa del mundo – Jennifer Lopez is the most famous Latin american artist in the world.Rafael Nadal es el deportista más famoso de España – Rafael Nadal is the most famous sportsperson in Spain.
16 Adverbs in -mente 1Adverbs are words that normally describe verbs, adjectives and other adverbs.In English, most adverbs are formed simply by adding -ly at the end of an adjective:quick – quickly; normal – normallyIn Spanish, it's almost as simple. You add -mente to the end of the feminine singular form of the adjective, if this is not the same form as the masculine singular.rápido – rápidamente; normal – normalmenteNote that if an adjective has a written accent, this should remain when it is changed into an adverb. E.g. rápido – rápidamente.Unfortunately, not all the adjectives can be formed by adding –mente. As a reliable rule, use those adjectives than you can add –ly to in English.Also, when two or more adverbs that end in -mente are used consecutively, the -mente is only used on the last one. Remember they all should be used in the feminine form: lenta y claramente – slowly and clearly.
17 Adverbs in -mente 2If this form is not the same, for example when the masculinesingular form ends in an -o, then the -o should be changedto an -a. Here are some examples:AdjectiveFeminine singularAdverbtristetristementealegrealegrementefuriosofuriosafuriosamentenormalnormalmenterápidorápidarápidamentelentolentalentamentefácilfácilmente