Presentación del tema: "KS3 Spanish – Year 8 Nos presentamos Part 1 Unidad 7."— Transcripción de la presentación:
1 KS3 Spanish – Year 8Nos presentamos Part 1Unidad 7
2 Nos presentamos Contenido ¿Cómo son? Comparatives and superlatives Adverbs in -mente
3 Teacher’s notes and icons This icon indicates a listening activity.This icon indicates a memory activity.This icon indicates that a Flash file has been embedded into the PowerPoint slide. These files are not editable.Most slides contain notes to accompany the presentation. To access these notes go to ‘Notes Page View’ (PowerPoint 97) or ‘Normal View’ (PowerPoint 2000/2002/2003).Normal ViewNotes Page View
10 Comparatives and superlatives 1 In English, regular comparatives are expressed by adding-er to an adjective:big – bigger; tall – taller …or use:more + adjective + than less + adjective + thanIn Spanish, regular comparatives are expressed by using one of the following:más + adjective + que more … thanmenos + adjective + que less … thanNote that the adjective must agree with the gender of the subject. E.g. David es más alto que Fernando – David is taller than Fernando.Penélope es menos famosa que Jennifer – Penelope is less famous than Jennifer.Here are some examples:David es más alto que Fernando – David is taller than Fernando.Penélope es menos famosa que Jennifer – Penelope is less famous than Jennifer.
11 Comparatives and superlatives 2 In English, regular superlatives are expressed by adding-est to an adjective:big – biggest; tall – tallest …or use: the most + adjective the least + adjectiveIn Spanish, regular superlatives are expressed by using one of the following:el/la más + adjective + de the most … el/la menos + adjective + de the least …Here are some examples:Note that the article and adjective must agree with the gender of the subject. E.g. Jennifer López es la artista latina más famosa del mundo – Jennifer Lopez is the most famous latin artist in the world.Rafael Nadal es el deportista más famoso de España – Rafael Nadal is the most famous sportsperson in Spain.Jennifer López es la artista latina más famosa del mundo – Jennifer Lopez is the most famous Latin american artist in the world.Rafael Nadal es el deportista más famoso de España – Rafael Nadal is the most famous sportsperson in Spain.
16 Adverbs in -mente 1Adverbs are words that normally describe verbs, adjectives and other adverbs.In English, most adverbs are formed simply by adding -ly at the end of an adjective:quick – quickly; normal – normallyIn Spanish, it's almost as simple. You add -mente to the end of the feminine singular form of the adjective, if this is not the same form as the masculine singular.rápido – rápidamente; normal – normalmenteNote that if an adjective has a written accent, this should remain when it is changed into an adverb. E.g. rápido – rápidamente.Unfortunately, not all the adjectives can be formed by adding –mente. As a reliable rule, use those adjectives than you can add –ly to in English.Also, when two or more adverbs that end in -mente are used consecutively, the -mente is only used on the last one. Remember they all should be used in the feminine form: lenta y claramente – slowly and clearly.
17 Adverbs in -mente 2If this form is not the same, for example when the masculinesingular form ends in an -o, then the -o should be changedto an -a. Here are some examples:AdjectiveFeminine singularAdverbtristetristementealegrealegrementefuriosofuriosafuriosamentenormalnormalmenterápidorápidarápidamentelentolentalentamentefácilfácilmente
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