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The Subjunctive with Adverbial Conjunctions Sp. 3 VC c.10.

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Presentación del tema: "The Subjunctive with Adverbial Conjunctions Sp. 3 VC c.10."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 The Subjunctive with Adverbial Conjunctions Sp. 3 VC c.10

2 Adverbial Clauses Adverbs indicate such things as WHY, WHERE, WHEN, and HOW (modify verbs, adjectives and other adverbs). Adverbs indicate such things as WHY, WHERE, WHEN, and HOW (modify verbs, adjectives and other adverbs). Ie…John works hard. Ie…John works hard. An adverbial clause is an entire clause (including subject and conjugated verb) that indicates why, where, when and how. (modifying verbs, adjectives or other adverbs) An adverbial clause is an entire clause (including subject and conjugated verb) that indicates why, where, when and how. (modifying verbs, adjectives or other adverbs) Ie…John works hard so that she will notice him. Ie…John works hard so that she will notice him.

3 Adverbial Clauses Adverbial clauses are introduced by conjunctions Adverbial clauses are introduced by conjunctions (these are the triggers that tell you the subjunctive MAY be needed) : Box 1 Box 2 Box 3 A fin de que CuandoAunque A menos que Hasta que Aun cuando Sin que Mientras A pesar de que Para que Tan pronto como Por mucho que Antes de que En cuanto Según Con tal de que Después de que Como En caso de que (time conjunctions) Así que

4 Adverbial Clauses Some sources uses these as memory devices for the adverbial conjunctions: Some sources uses these as memory devices for the adverbial conjunctions: (these always use subjunctive) Box 1 A fin de que AE A menos que AS Sin que SC Para que PA Antes de que AP Con tal de que CA En caso de que EA

5 Adverbial Clauses Some sources uses this as a memory device for the these adverbial conjunctions: Some sources uses this as a memory device for the these adverbial conjunctions: Box 2 and 3 CuandoC Hasta que H AunqueA Después de que D Así que A Tan pronto como T En cuanto E 1.When describing future actions (even in the past – use subjunctive 2.When describing completed actions – use indicative 3.When describing habitual occurances – use indicative

6 Adverbial Clauses Either an adverbial phrase (preposition + infinitive) or an adverbial clause (which may require either the indicative or subjunctive mood) may be used depending on… Either an adverbial phrase (preposition + infinitive) or an adverbial clause (which may require either the indicative or subjunctive mood) may be used depending on… 1. Whether there is a change in subject Ie…Paco is saving his money so he can buy a car. Paco ahorra su dinero para comprar un coche. Ie…I intend to study before class begins. Yo pienso estudiar antes de que la clase empiece.

7 Adverbial Clauses Either an adverbial phrase (preposition + infinitive) or an adverbial clause (which may require either the indicative or subjunctive mood) may be used depending on… Either an adverbial phrase (preposition + infinitive) or an adverbial clause (which may require either the indicative or subjunctive mood) may be used depending on… 2. The type situation or time in the clause Ie…Hypothetical or anticipated = subjunctive Completed, habitual or factual = indicative Ie…I am not going unless she comes. No voy a menos que ella venga

8 Progression of Tenses As soon as you determine that the subjunctive is needed (except commands and extreme courtesy), then identify the tense used in the primary clause in order to determine WHICH subjunctive tense to use: As soon as you determine that the subjunctive is needed (except commands and extreme courtesy), then identify the tense used in the primary clause in order to determine WHICH subjunctive tense to use: Present Subjunctive (present, future) Present Subjunctive (present, future) Present Perfect Subjunctive (pres. perfect) Present Perfect Subjunctive (pres. perfect) Imperfect Subjunctive (pret., imp, cond.) Imperfect Subjunctive (pret., imp, cond.) Pluperfect Subjunctive (past or cond. perfect) Pluperfect Subjunctive (past or cond. perfect)

9 Practice 1. En cuanto ____ (ver) tu equipaje, cógelo. 2. Aunque _____ (llover) mañana, vamos a jugar al tenis. 3. Vas a salir sin que yo te ______ (hablar). 4. Voy a salir ahora a menos que ________ (querer) hablar conmigo. 5. Mi madre me dijo que me llamaría tan pronto como ella ________ (llegar). 6. Jugamos al tenis ayer aunque _______ (llover) veas llueva hable quieras llegara llovía


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