Indirect Objects I bought that skirt for her. I gave those shoes to him. What is the subject, the verb, the direct object and the indirect object?
Indirect Objects I bought that skirt for her. subject verb direct object indirect object
Indirect Objects I gave those shoes to him. subject verbdirect object indirect object
Indirect Object Pronouns Indirect object pronouns tell to whom or for whom an action is performed. Indirect object pronouns are used to accompany or replace an indirect object.
These are the Indirect Object Pronouns in English: (to or for) me (to or for) you (to or for) him, her, you f. (to or for) us (to or for) them
Indirect Object Pronouns Examples in Spanish: Yo compro un regalo a mi amiga. I buy a gift for my friend. Los estudiantes entregan la tarea a la maestra. The students turn in the homework to the teacher.
Indirect Object Pronouns (Spanish) me( to me or for me ) te( to you or for you ) le( to or for him, her, you f.) nos (to or for us) os (to or for you all) les (to or for them, you all)
Práctica: Write the indirect object pronoun that should be used with each sentence 1. Mis padres dan dinero a mí. 2. Ustedes venden los postres a ellos. 3. Ella pregunta a nosotros. 4. Tenemos que entregar la tarea a él. 1. Me (to me) 2. Les (to them) 3. Nos (to us) 4. Le (to him)
Indirect Object Pronouns Unlike the direct object pronouns, you dont just use IOPs to replace the indirect object. If you have an indirect object in a sentence YOU MUST USE AN IOP!! Example: Yo le doy la pizza (a ella). I give the pizza to her.
Indirect object Pronouns Do these indirect object pronouns look familiar to you? They should… These are the same pronouns we learned with the verb Gustar
Indirect Object Pronouns These are the me, te, le, nos and les that you see before gustar, interesar, faltar, fascinar, etc. For example:
Indirect Object Pronouns A ella le gustan las faldas. Nos gustan las faldas. Me gustan las faldas. A ellos les gustan las faldas. ** Note that with le/les we add a ella, a ellos etc. for clarification. We do not have to do this with me, te, nos. The same is true with IOPs in sentences.
Indirect Object Pronouns With indirect object pronouns: Yo le doy los chocolates a Elena. I give the chocolates to Elena. BUT Me dan los chocolates. They give the chocolates to me. (We do not need to add a mí but we MUST HAVE THE IOP – me)
Placement of Indirect Object Pronouns Indirect Object Pronouns, me, te, le, nos, os, and les are placed either 1. before a conjugated verb or 2. attached to the end of an infinitive. ***You will notice that these are same placement rules as for DOPs
Before the Conjugated Verb: ¿Le va a dar el libro a Elena? Mi maestra me da la tarea.
Attached to the infinitive: Pablo va a darte un regalo. La auxiliar de vuelos va a traernos la comida.
Before the verb or after the infinitive: Before the verb: ¿Le vas a dar el libro a Elena? Sí, le voy a dar el libro a Elena. After the infinitive: ¿Vas a darle el libro a Elena? Sí, voy a darle el libro a Elena.
Práctica: Rewrite the following sentences to correctly use indirect object pronouns: 1. Mis padres dan dinero a mí. 2. Ustedes venden los postres a ellos. 3. Ella pregunta a nosotros. 4. Tenemos que entregar la tarea a él. 1. Mis padres me dan dinero. 2. Ustedes les venden los postres a ellos. 3. Ella nos pregunta. 4. Tenemos que entregarle la tarea a él. OR Le tenemos que entregar la tarea a él.
Verbs that frequently take an indirect object (indicate to whom or for whom) Dar Comprar Escribir Decir Traer Entregar Mandar Preguntar Vender Ofrecer prestar To give To buy To write To say To bring To hand in To send To ask To sell To offer To lend
Helpful tips for working with IOPs 1. They have the same placement rules as DOPs 2. They are the same pronouns as we used with the verb Gustar. 3. They answer for whom or to whom 4. Le/les are ambiguous so add a él/a ellos etc for clarification. 5. Sentences that have an indirect object usually also have a direct object.