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El pretérito y el imperfecto. You learned to use the preterite tense to talk about actions completed in the past. The imperfect tense describes events.

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Presentación del tema: "El pretérito y el imperfecto. You learned to use the preterite tense to talk about actions completed in the past. The imperfect tense describes events."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 El pretérito y el imperfecto

2 You learned to use the preterite tense to talk about actions completed in the past. The imperfect tense describes events that occurred in the past. The imperfect is used: To speak about background events in a story To talk about something you used to do as a habit To speak about how old someone was To say what time it was

3 To form the imperfect tense, you take the root of the verb (before the –ar, -er, or –ir ending) drop the ending, then add the following: -AR verbs-Er / -IR verbs abaábamos abas abaaban íaíamos ías íaían

4 cantar cantabacantábamos cantabas cantabacantaban

5 tener teníateníamos tenías teníatenían

6 ser eraéramos eras eraeran

7 ir ibaíbamos ibas ibaiban

8 ver veíaveíamos veías veíaveían

9 Special meanings Conocer : Conocí a Juan hace cinco años. I met Juan five years ago. (completed action) En aquella época conocíamos muy bien la ciudad. At that time we knew the city very well. (no definite beginning or end) Querer: María quiso comprar la casa. Maria tried to buy the house. (completed action) Juan quería comprar la casa. Juan wanted to buy the house. (no definite beginning or end) No querer: María no quiso comprar la casa. Maria refused to buy the house. (completed action) Juan no quería comprar la casa. Juan did not want to buy the house.(no definite beginning or end)

10 Special meanings Saber: María lo supo ayer. Maria found out yesterday. (completed action) Juan sabía que María estudiaba. Juan knew that Maria was studying. (no definite beginning or end) Poder: María pudo levantar la mesa. Maria succeeded in lifting the table. (completed action) Juan podía participar en el concierto. Juan was able to participate in the concert. (no definite beginning or end) Tener: María tuvo una carta de su mamá. Maria received a letter from her mom.(completed action) Juan tenía un coche nuevo. Juan used to have a new car. (no definite beginning or end)

11 1.When I was little, I played hide-and-seek with my cousins and friends. _______________________________________________ __________________________________________ 2.My little brother always told jokes. There was much laughter! _______________________________________________ __________________________________________ 3.Did you climb trees or did you jump rope yesterday? _______________________________________________ _______________________________________ 4. My little sister always built with blocks. She was creative. _______________________________________________ _______________________________________

12 5.My best friend (fem) was animated and sociable. ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________ 6.I liked school a lot (watch out, think about gustar and how it would be conjugated for one item) and I got good grades. It was really easy! ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ________ 7. When my great-grandmother was little, her family was poor, but they were happy. ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________ 8. Last week all my relatives came to the party to celebrate my birthday. ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________

13 9. There were twins in my class last year. ___________________________________________ ___________________________________ 10. My mother was successful in returning (to return) to work after having my sister.___________________________________________ 11. I was always embarrassed in school and my face was always red.___________________________________________

14 12. My dad was always careful when he played with us. ________________________________________________ ______________________________________ 13. My sisters boyfriend was jealous when she spent time with her friends. ________________________________________________ ______________________________________ 14. In school, my sister was shy, but at home, she was fun and animated. ________________________________________________ ______________________________

15 ¿P o I? Cuando yo 1.___________(ser) joven, mi mejor amiga 2. _______________(llamarse) Yolanda, pero su apodo 3. __________________(ser) Yoli. Yoli y yo siempre 4. _____________ (andar) juntas. A nosotras nos 5. ______________gustar) hacer las mismas cosas. Por ejemplo, a ella le 6.______________ (gustar) escribir cuentos y a mi me 7. _______________(gustar) escribir poemas. Yo 8.___________________(compartir) mis ideas con ella. Ella me 9._______________(influir) mucho.

16 Un día Yoli 10. _____________(estar) en mi casa cuando me 11. ____________(decir), ¿Por qué no vamos al centro comercial? Aunque me 12. ______________(parecer) buena idea, yo 13.____________(saber) que no 14.___________ (poder) ir sin pedir permiso a mis papas. Pero mis papás 15. ______________(estar) en el trabajo. ¡Anda, vamos! me 16._______________(repetir) hasta que me 17._______________(convencer).

17 Al llegar al centro comercial, la primera persona que 18.______(ver) 19._____________(ser) mi tía. Mi tía inmediatamente 20._____________(llamar) a mis padres para decirles que 21._________________(estar) fuera de casa sin permiso.Ese día, 22. __________ (resolver) jamás hacerle caso a Yoli.


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