Presentación del tema: "Topic: Weather and the preterit Essential questions: How do I talk about the weather and how do I discuss things that happened?"— Transcripción de la presentación:
Topic: Weather and the preterit Essential questions: How do I talk about the weather and how do I discuss things that happened?
The weather Weather in Spanish is an interesting concept because most of the time you use the verb “hacer”. You ask with these questions: ¿Qué tiempo hace? Or ¿Cómo está el clima? Or ¿Que tal el tiempo/el clima?
The weather You answer with any of the following Hace buen/mal tiempo. (The weather is good/bad.) Hace calor/frío/sol. (It’s hot/cold/sunny.) Hace ____ grados. Está a _____ grados. (It is ____ degrees.) Está nublado. (It’s cloudy) Llueve./Está lloviendo. (It’s raining.) Nieva./Está nevando. (It’s snowing)
Pausa… Tell your pareja 4 things you understand. Write 3 questions and mark the answers
The preterit This year you have learned how to express what you do (present tense), what you are doing right now (present progressive) and what you are going to do (ir+a+infinitive) The preterit is a new tense to learn – it is used to state what you did or what happened. It is the past tense
The preterit Like the present tense, to conjugate the preterit, you first take off the ending (ar, er, ir) and then replace it with a new set of endings. There are two sets – one for –ar verbs and one for – er/-ir verbs.
The preterit For –ar verbs, the endings are: Yo: -é Tú: -aste Él/ella/Ud: -ó Nosotros: -amos Ellos/ellas/Uds: -aron Hablar: hablé, hablaste, habló, hablamos, hablaron
The preterit For –er and –ir verbs, the endings are: Yo: -í Tú: -iste Él/ella/Ud: -ió Nosotros: -imos Ellos/ellas/Uds: -ieron Comer: comí, comiste, comió, comimos, comieron
Pausa… Share 5 facts you understand with your pareja Write 5 questions and mark the answers
Some spelling issues In some verbs, the “yo” form has some spelling changes to maintain the right sound. Verbs that end in “gar” in the yo form of the preterit will end in –gué (the only way to spell the sound “geh” in Spanish is “gue”) Jugar: jugué, jugaste, jugó, jugamos jugaron Verbs that end in “car” in the yo form of the preterit will in end in –qué (the only way to spell the sound “kay” in Spanish is “que”) Tocar: toqué, tocaste, tocó, tocamos, tocaron Verbs that end in “zar” in the yo form of the preterit will end in –cé (you can’t have “ze” combination in Spanish) Empezar: empecé, empezaste, empezó, empezamos, empezaron
Irregular verbs There are many irregular verbs in the preterit. You will learn three. Ver (to see…irregular only because it has NO accents) vi, viste, vio, vimos, vieron Ir (to go) fui, fuiste, fue, fuimos, fueron Dar (to give…irregular because it acts like an –er verb and it has no accents) di, diste, dio, dimos, dieron
Pausa Share 5 new facts you understand with your pareja Write 3 more questions and mark the answers
Try it… Conjugate these verbs in all forms of the preterit Trabajar Estudiar Recibir Nadar Escribir Comprar Tomar
Try it again… Write in Spanish: I went to school yesterday. ¿Did you swim? Bob saw a movie My friends gave me a book. We ate bananas.
Check it… I went to school yesterday. Fui a la escuela ayer. ¿Did you swim? ¿Nadaste? Bob saw a movie. Bob vio una película. My friends gave me a book. Mis amigos me dieron un libro. We ate bananas. Comimos bananas.
Don’t forget your summary What did you learn? What was most important? How does it relate to what you already know? What was easiest? What will be most challenging?
Practicar Pick another 5 verbs you have learned. Conjugate them like you had to do in your notes. Write and translate 10 sentences using the preterit tense. Write and translate 5 sentences about weather and when it is that weather (Ex: It’s cold in the winter.)