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Presente Progresivo “ing”
Uses In English, present progressive can be used to describe what is happening now, or what will happen in the future. I am studying now. I am studying with María tonight. In Spanish, the present progressive is only used to describe an action that is in the process of taking place. It is not used for future actions. I am studying now. (use present progressive) I am studying with María tonight. (do not use present progressive)
Formation The present progressive is formed by combining the verb ESTAR (to be) with the PRESENT PARTICIPLE. (the "-ing" form of a verb.) Estoy hablando. I am speaking. Juan está comiendo. Juan is eating. María está escribiendo una carta. María is writing a letter.
+ Formation PRESENT PARTICIPLE (“ing”) Estoy Estamos Estás Estáis Está
ESTAR (to be) PRESENT PARTICIPLE (“ing”) Estoy Estamos Estás Estáis Está Están Endings AR verbs (hablar) -ando (hablando) ER/IR verbs (comer) (escribir) -iendo (comiendo) (escribiendo)
Stem Changes To form the present participle of -ir stem changing verbs, change ei and ou in the stem, and then add -iendo to the stem of the verb. servir: sirviendo pedir: pidiendo decir: diciendo dormir: durmiendo morir: muriendo When else do we have these special stem changes? Preterite!
Spelling Changes Sometimes when forming the present participle it is necessary to change the spelling so that it agrees with pronunciation. Here are some common examples: caer: cayendo creer: creyendo ir: yendo influir: influyendo oír: oyendo traer: trayendo leer: leyendo
Practicamos! I am eating. You are studying. He is playing.
ESTAR + PRESENT PARTICIPLE I am eating. You are studying. He is playing. We are practicing. They are writing. You all are sleeping. I am reading. You are running. She is walking. We are waiting.
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