Presentación del tema: "Salud Oral en los Programas de Cuidado y Educación Temprana de Niños"— Transcripción de la presentación:
1 Salud Oral en los Programas de Cuidado y Educación Temprana de Niños Implementando 606 CMR 7.11(11)(d)
2 Esta presentación fue preparada con materiales proveídos por: MEJOR Salud Oral (Trayendo educación temprana, evaluaciones orales, tratamiento),un Programa de Asociaciones para una comunidad saludableNiños libres de Caries: Salud Oral para niños en programas de cuidado y educación temprana. (La Fundación Dental de Servicios de Washington)
3 Cepillado Dental en Cuidado de Niños …no es nuevo para muchos programas! Los Programas de Head Start y muchos otros han estado haciendo cepillado de dientes exitosamente por años sin un aumento de enfermedades en los niños o infecciones. Para algunos niños, esta ha sido la primer vez que se han expuesto a cepillado dental, y esto ha llevado a algunas familias a adoptar una nueva y mejor salud oral en sus hogares.
4 606 CMR 7.11(11)(d)Educadores deben ayudar a los niños a cepillarse sus dientes cuando los niños:estan en cuidado por mas de cuatro horas, oconsumen una comidaEducators must assist children in brushing their teeth whenever they are in care for more than four hours, or whenever they consume a meal while in care.
5 Es casi totalmente prevenible! ¿Porque Cepillado de Dientes en Programas de Educación y Cuidado de Niños?Caries Dentales (caries en los dientes) es la enfermedad mas comun y crónica en la niñezCausa dolor, enfermedad y mortalidadInhibe aprendizaje, languaje y apetitoEs casi totalmente prevenible!Dental caries (tooth decay) is five times more common than asthma. If untreated, dental caries results in cavities, pain, infection and, in some instances, devastating consequences for a child’s overall health, including sickness and mortality. Untreated dental caries can inhibit learning, speech, and eating, leading to problems in school and poor nutrition. Dental caries and oral disease are almost entirely preventable.
6 Los Niños en Massachusetts Sufren! 25% de los niños en kindergarten40% de 3er grado30% de 6to gradode 1/3 a 1/2 no los tratan!A study conducted in 2003 found that a significant proportion of Massachusetts’ children suffer from dental caries, and many of our youngest children start school with dental disease. More than one-in-four kindergarten children – about 19,130 children– had evidence of dental decay, with nearly 10,000 of those children having untreated dental decay. More than 40% of 3rd grade children – about 29,110 students – had evidence of dental decay, and about 12,400 of those children had untreated decay. About one-third of 6th grade adolescents – about 24,575 students – had been affected by dental caries, and nearly 8,000 of those adolescents had untreated decay.51 million school hours per year are lost due to oral health problems.From: Oral Health in America: A Report of the Surgeon GeneralThe Oral Health of Massachusetts’ Children, Catalyst Institute, January 2008
7 Niños de muy Temprana Edad Sufren de Caries Dentales 6% DE 1 AÑO DE EDAD22% DE 2 AÑOS DE EDAD35% DE 3 AÑOS DE EDAD48% DE 4 AÑOS DE EDADToo many young children suffer from dental caries. It may begin in part by putting juice in the baby bottle, letting the child go to bed at night with a bottle of milk or formula, letting the child “graze” with a bottle or sippy cup. Of course, sweet snacks contribute their share of the problem!Even close contact with a parent who has dental caries may increase the child’s risk of infection from the bacterium streptococcus mutans.
8 Los Niños de Bajos Ingresos Sufren Mas: pierden casi 12 veces mas días de clases en la escuela que los niños de las familas con un ingreso mas altoChildren from families with low incomes had nearly 12 times as many lost school days because of dental problems as did children from families with higher incomes.Dental caries begins with white spots on the teeth, usually close to the gums. This is a sign of mineral loss. If untreated, the decay progresses to brown spots around the gum line, and ultimately eats away at the teeth and can lead to serious, systemic infections.[Principio de Carie][Carie][Carie Severa]
9 Caries Tempranas en la Niñez(CTN) Acído Diente CarieBacteriaA bacterium (called streptococcus mutans) breaks down food into acids that eat away at the minerals in the tooth. ECC affects teeth that erupt first, at about six months. These teeth have a much thinner layer of enamel than adult teeth, and are less protected by saliva.Azúcar
10 Limitar la frecuencia de consumo de azucar INTERVENCIONESMejorar la dietaLimitar la frecuencia de consumo de azucarRemover la bacteria de la placa dental con cepilladoProveer añadir fluoruroBuscar cuidado preventivoTo reduce the disease of early childhood caries, we can:Decrease the number of times per day that children consume foods or drinks high in sugar and carbohydrates. Acids produced by bacteria after sugar intake persists for 20 – 40 minutes.Limit juice to 4-6 ozs per dayMechanically remove dental plaque by brushingUse fluoride toothpaste to restore minerals to the tooth (for preschoolers)Arrowed interventions can be done in child care!
11 Hay muchas diferentes opiniones… Sabor de Frutas?Enjuagar?No Floruro!Pasta de Dientes?Floruro?Hay muchas diferentes opiniones…Escupir?You will hear differences of opinion among experts involved in oral health, involving everything from the flavor of the tooth paste to when and how kids should spit. EEC regulations do not address these details.No Escupir!No Enjuagar!Sabor a Menta?
12 Los Expertos estan de Acuerdo que: El Cepillarse Reduce las Caries. EEC is focused on the big picture. Any brushing (done under proper conditions for sanitation and infection control) is better than no brushing..with or without toothpaste, with or without fluoride, with or without rinsing and spitting.
13 Tecnicas de Cepillado Dental Limpiar las encias del bebe con un pañito limpio y humedo despues de alimentarlo.Oral health should start with infants. Wiping the gums with a clean, damp cloth removes sugars that feed bacteria. Once teeth erupt, it is important to brush teeth with plain water twice per day.
14 Etiquetado Correcto Nombre del niño Fecha puesto en uso Elijah 3/3/09 Colin 2/2/09Elijah 3/3/09Aliyah 3/7/09Mike J. 2/2/09Children must have individual, labeled toothbrushes. Toothbrushes should be replaced every 3 or 4 months, or sooner if the bristles appear worn and/or a child experiences illness.Tooth brushes should not be disinfected with liquids or run through dishwashers, microwaves or ultraviolet devices because they have not been proven effective, and may damage tooth brushes.To prevent the spread of germs, educators should retrieve and give each child his/her tooth brush when it is time to brush.
15 Tecnicas de Cepillado Dental: comience a cepillar una vez que el primer diente sale UntarOnce the first tooth erupts, tooth brushing should begin. For an infant or young toddler, hold the child on your lap facing you and brush the teeth with a circular motion, being sure to reach close to the gums. Initially you may use water only, or use a small smear of tooth paste on a soft bristled brush. Children at risk for decay may need to use a small amount of fluoride toothpaste, if recommended by the child’s dentist. The child does not need to rinse or “spit” after brushing.(Note: in the child care program, the educator should wear gloves when assisting infants and toddlers in brushing.)
16 Tecnicas de Cepillado Dental No más que un guandúlChildren over two should use a pea-sized dab of toothpaste, and can rinse and spit (when able).Niños de mas de 2 años de edad solo necesitan una pequeña cantidad de pasta dental.
17 Distribuido de Pasta Dental To prevent the spread of germs, tooth paste should not be distributed directly from the tube to a child’s tooth brush. An educator may distribute small “dabs” of tooth paste onto a paper plate, and then take a dab of toothpaste from the plate with each child’s brush.Alternatively, programs may choose to distribute a small dab of toothpaste on the bottom or on the side of each child’s cup.Sin esparcer germenes
18 Proveer Agua para Enjuagar el Cepillo After the toothpaste is on the brush, a small amount of water can be poured into each child’s cup. Providing a paper towel is also a good idea and helps minimize any mess.…y toalla de papel para limpiar.
19 Cepillado de Dientes y Lengua! Using a circular motion and holding a soft tooth brush at a 45% angle to the teeth and gums, the child should spend about two minutes brushing his teeth. He should brush in one area to the count of 5, and then move on to the next. They should end by brushing the tongue…germs like to hide there!Tome cerca de dos minutos cepillandoce.
20 Enjuage el CepilloAfter brushing, the tooth brush should be rinsed. Depending on your brushing routine, the child may rinse his brush in the cup of water. The child does not need to rinse his mouth, but may want to use the cup to take a sip of water, swish and spit back into the cup.…y enjuage su boca y escupa dentro del vaso si desea.
21 Limpiar Secar el cepillo… The child can wipe the brush on the paper towel,Secar el cepillo…
22 Casi listo… Colocar el papel de toalla en el vaso…. Put the towel in the cup…Colocar el papel de toalla en el vaso….
23 Completo! Tirar el vaso y el papel de toalla. And throw the cup away. If the child is too young to do this independently, or if educators prefer, they can collect and rinse tooth brushes one at a time (as children finish brushing), and then put the tooth brushes away to dry in a safe and sanitary manner.Tirar el vaso y el papel de toalla.
24 Almacenamiento Adecuado Educadores retiran los cepillos dentalesAbierto a el aire libreSin tocarse uno al otroNo limpiadores disinfectantesTo avoid the spread of germs after brushing educators should collect children’s tooth brushes and put them in their storage racks in a safe and sanitary location, making sure that no child’s tooth brush touches another. Tooth brushes must be stored open to the air to allow for drying between uses, but in a way that keeps them clean. Tooth brush racks can be hand made using egg cartons, or can be purchased from suppliers like Lakeshore.
25 Mantenimiento Apropiado Toothbrushes should be replaced every 3 or 4 months, or sooner if the bristles appear worn and/or a child experiences illness.Tooth brushes should not be disinfected with liquids or run through dishwashers, microwaves or ultraviolet devices because they have not been proven effective, and may damage tooth brushes.Recomendación: reemplazar despues de una enfermedad y/cuando este gastado,por lo menos cada tres meses.
26 Pastas AdecuadasToothpasteToothpaste chosen for young children should be a general mint flavor. Using fruity flavors encourages children to eat the toothpaste, which is not advised. It is important to know if a child has any possible allergies to ingredients or additives in toothpaste. For that reason, educators must obtain parental consent for tooth brushing when using toothpaste. (In that case, parents may prefer to provide their own tooth paste, or programs may prefer brushing without tooth paste.) When choosing toothpaste, programs should look for two important things:Sodium Fluoride as an active ingredientThe American Dental Association (ADA) Seal of ApprovalRecomendaciones: sabor a menta, aprovado por ADA, fluoruro de sodio (para niños de mas de 2 años)
27 Supervision apropiada es siempre requerida! La Seguridad PrimeroToothpaste is intended to provide a topical source of fluoride. It is NOT supposed to be swallowed by the child because swallowing too much fluoride might cause a child under 10 to have a defect called fluorosis in his or her growing adult teeth. As always, proper supervision is required.Supervision apropiada es siempre requerida!
28 Limpiando y Disinfectando EEC regulations require that tables be cleaned and disinfected before and after each meal. Likewise, tables should be cleaned and disinfected after brushing is done at the table. As always, sinks and faucets must be monitored for cleanliness and washed and disinfected at least daily.Despues del cepillado, limpie y desinfecte mesasy/o fregaderos/lavabos
29 Para información adicional, vea los recursos en las regulaciones de EEC página de apoyo en: 29
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