La descarga está en progreso. Por favor, espere

La descarga está en progreso. Por favor, espere

Material Complementario Título: Las Preposiciones Autores: Lic: Katia García Hernández Lic. Rene Arenas Gutiérrez Téc: Nimia Salazar Hernández

Presentaciones similares


Presentación del tema: "Material Complementario Título: Las Preposiciones Autores: Lic: Katia García Hernández Lic. Rene Arenas Gutiérrez Téc: Nimia Salazar Hernández"— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Material Complementario Título: Las Preposiciones Autores: Lic: Katia García Hernández Lic. Rene Arenas Gutiérrez Téc: Nimia Salazar Hernández Febrero 2006 Trabajo publicado en La mayor Comunidad de difusión del conocimiento

2 Índice »Introducción ………………3 »Desarrollo………………….4-15 »Datos de los autores ……….16

3 Introducción Las preposiciones son palabras muy útiles, pero también muy difíciles de usar correctamente en cualquier idioma. Sin embargo, para leer en Inglés el lector sólo debe conocer que cada preposición suele tener uno o dos significados básicos, aunque tenga otras posibilidades de traducción. Después debe adiestrarse en cambiar la traducción literaria de una preposición del Inglés al pasarla al español si eso fuera necesario por su uso en nuestra lengua materna. Por ejemplo, en inglés se dice: The man in the white suit, que equivale a decir en español: El hombre del traje blanco. Igualmente en una frase como:...a package from Spain, la preposición from significa desde (lugar de procedencia); en español se dice:...un paquete de España.

4 Desarrollo Uno debe familiarizarse completamente con las preposiciones m á s usuales y significados b á sicos, tal y como aparecen a continuaci ó n. Pero debe tener presente que con frecuencia tendr á que recurrir al diccionario para buscar otros significados cuando compruebe que los que aqu í se presentan no se adecuan al contexto determinado que est á leyendo.

5 after despu é s against contra along a lo largo de, junto con among entre at en before ante behind tras, detr á s below bajo beneath bajo beside al lado de between entre beyond detr á s de, m á s all á de but excepto, a excepci ó n de by por, al lado de

6 concerning respecto a despite a pesar de down bajo during durante except a excepci ó n de, excepto for para, por, durante from desde, de in en in front of delante inside dentro in regard to respecto a in spite of a pesar de into hacia adentro like como

7 near cerca next to al lado de of de on sobre outside fuera de over encima, sobre regarding respecto a since desde through a trav é s de till hasta throughout a trav é s de, a lo largo de to a, para toward(s) hacia under bajo underneath bajo, debajo until hasta up arriba upon en, sobre

8 with con within dentro de without sin

9 A preposition is used to connect nouns and noun structures in the sentece. A noun structure following the preposition is called the object of the preposition. The object of the preposition can be: A noun: We gave a present to our secretaries. A pronoun: We gave a present to them. A gerund: We thought about giving a present to them. A noun clause: We thought about giving a present to whoever worked for us. A REVIEW OF PREPOSITIONS:

10 The preposition is usually placed before the object. But it may be placed at the end of a sentece in: A question: Which country did you go to? An adjetive clause: This map shows the countries which we went to. A noun clause: We forget which countries we went to. An adjectival prepositional phrase is placed after the noun it modifies. The book on the desk is mine. The dog next door bothers me. An adverbial prepositional phrase, like any adverb, may be placed anywhere in the sentece. Or it may be placed at the: End: I came at nine oclock. Middle: He leaves in two hours to visit his friends. Beginning: On Monday, I have my French class. Placement of prepositions:

11 Types of prepositions : There are one-and two-word prepositions: One-word: in, at, over, among Two-word: next to, instead of There are times when prepositions can be used without objects. At such times, they no longer function as prepositions but become either (1) two-word verbs; (2) adverbs; or(3) conjuctions. Two-word verbs (verb+particle) Examples: bring up (raise) find out (discover) call off (cancel) catch on (understand) These combinations have idiomatic meanings. Adverb: Example: Did you take the elevator? No, we walked up. Conjuctions: Examples: He came before I did. Please, come before the meeting starts.

12 Prepositions : Prepositions show relationships in time and space and relationships between ideas (logical relationships). Learn the set phrases with prepositions of space. Harry lives in Denver. (a city) inColorado. (a state or province) on Green Avenue. (street without a number) at 261 Green Avenue. (street with a number) in Room 261 or Apartment 210-A. (specific room or apartment) Harriets friend live in Canada. (country) At or away from home. On a farm. In a dormitory, house, student hostel. In poverty, wealth, a city, a suburb, a town, a village. In the South, West. (region or section)

13 The plane landed in Chicago At OHare Airport At the Chicago airport. Harriet lives at 261 Green Avenue, Denver, Colorado. The plane landed at OHare Airport, Chicago. We are going to visit my cousin in Denver. He is in college. At the university. Their house is (located) on the beach. On the ocean. At the shore. In the mountains. On the river, bay, lake. In the dessert. On the plains.

14 Note : When you do not put a preposition between different pieces of information about a place, use a comma. Prepositions that show apace and movement often introduce essential information that tells you wich one. These phrases are adjetive phrases and follow the noun or pronoun they modify. The buses in the city run every ten minutes. The houses on the bay were damaged by the hurricane. Learn the set phrases of time.

15 Paul always comes at ten o clock. (specific time) On time. In time for class. Paul visited Canada in (year) In May. (month) On May 18. (date) On Wednesday. (day of the week) In the morning, afternoon, evening, daytime, the right. At noon, midnight, night.

16 Datos de los Autores MSc: Katia C. García Hernández Profesor Principal Inglés Instituto Profesor Auxiliar Inglés Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Julio Trigo López Nimia Salazar Hernández Asistente Técnico docente de Informática Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Julio Trigo López MSc: René Arenas Gutiérrez Jefe de Departamento Investigaciones Profesor Auxiliar Informática Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Julio Trigo López


Descargar ppt "Material Complementario Título: Las Preposiciones Autores: Lic: Katia García Hernández Lic. Rene Arenas Gutiérrez Téc: Nimia Salazar Hernández"

Presentaciones similares


Anuncios Google