Presentación del tema: "The Spanish PLUPERFECT TENSE What does this tense mean? How do I use haber for this tense? AIMS: To learn how to recognise regular and irregular pluperfect."— Transcripción de la presentación:
The Spanish PLUPERFECT TENSE What does this tense mean? How do I use haber for this tense? AIMS: To learn how to recognise regular and irregular pluperfect tense verbs. To learn how to form regular and irregular pluperfect tense verbs.
REMINDER: SPANISH PERFECT TENSE Haber + (space) + Stem* + Ending *Stem = The infinitive (the one you find when you look in a dictionary) minus the last 2 letters.. He cantado = I have sung He comido = I have eaten He vivido = I have lived -AR -ER -IR -ado-ido ENGLISHSPANISH I have He You have Has He/She has Ha We have Hemos You have Habéis They have Han
In Spanish, you use the pluperfect tense when referring to actions that had happened in the past. EXAMPLES I had washed the car. I had done the washing. I had laid the table. I had prepared the dinner. I had earned my pocket money.
So, how is the pluperfect tense formed in Spanish?
Step 1: Choose the imperfect tense of the verb haber (the auxiliary verb). ENGLISHSPANISH 1ST SINGULAR I had Había 2 ND You had Habías 3RD He/She had/You (formal) had Había 1ST PLURAL We had Habíamos 2 ND You had Habíais 3RD They had / You (formal) had Habían
Step 2: Create the past participle (the –ed form of the verb in English), by adding the appropriate ending to the stem. The great thing is that to talk about other people, it is only the form of haber that changes. Haber -AR-ER-IR Había Stem + ADO Stem + IDO Habías Había Habíamos Habíais Habían
3 of the most common: Decir (to say) > dicho Hacer (to do) > hecho Ver (to see/watch) > visto And some other really important ones: Abrir (to open) > abierto Absolver (to absolve) > absuelto Cubrir (to cover) > cubierto Escribir (to write) > escrito Freír (to fry) > frito Morir (to die) > muerto Poner (to put) > puesto Romper (to break) > roto Satisfacer (to satisfy) > satisfecho Volver (to return) > vuelto
Now translate the following verbs. Remember to choose the correct form of haber and then conjugate the verb in the steps you have already used. Beware of irregular verbs because there are lots of them here! 1.He had done 2.They had drunk 3.We had worked 4.You (p) had watched 5.I had lived 6.They had broken 7.He had died 8.She had seen 9.I had played 10.I had returned 11.We had said 12.He had visited 1.Había hecho deberes 2.Habían bebido 3.Habíamos trabajado 4.Habíais visto 5.Había vivido 6.Habían roto 7.Había muerto 8.Había visto 9.Había jugado 10.Había vuelto 11.Habíamos dicho 12.Había visitado
SPANISH VERBS: PLUPERFECT TENSE (ALL PAST PARTICIPLES) What does this tense mean? How do I use haber for this tense? AIMS: To learn how to recognise regular and irregular pluperfect tense verbs. To learn how to form regular and irregular pluperfect tense verbs.