Presentación del tema: "Present Perfect The present perfect of the subjunctive refers to actions that MAY HAVE OCCURRED BEFORE THE ACTION OF THE MAIN VERB."— Transcripción de la presentación:
Present Perfect The present perfect of the subjunctive refers to actions that MAY HAVE OCCURRED BEFORE THE ACTION OF THE MAIN VERB. AMV@MVHS
The “main verb” sits in the main [independent] clause. That means that there’s going to be a subordinate [dependent] clause with it.
+ QUE + Nosotros tememos que ustedes no hayan planeado. + QUE + Main Clause Present Indicative Subdordinate Clause Present perfect of The subjunctive Do you remember this?
Present perfect of the subjunctive is the equivalent of the helping verb “have” plus the participle in English The teacher hopes that they have finished. My mom is proud that I have received a scholarship. I’m sorry that you’ve missed the bus. It’s sad that we haven’t had an opportunity. -ED If the RED phrases are the present perfect of the subjunctive, what tense are the verbs in BLUE?
Present perfect of the subjunctive is a compound verb, which means that the verb is actually made up of two words.
Use the present subjunctive of HABER and a past participle: HABER – To have + Past Participle HayaHayamos For –AR verbs: add –ADO HayasHayáis + For –ER verbs: add –IDO HayaHayan For –IR verbs: add –IDO
The teacher hopes that they have finished. My mom is proud that I have received a scholarship. It’s sad that we haven’t had an opportunity. La profesora espera que hayan terminado. Mi mamá está orgullosa que haya recicibo una beca. Es triste que no hayamos tenido una oportunidad.
Some participles we will use are irregular and will require a spelling change. They fall into two groups.
-ER and –IR verbs that have two vowels together in the infinitive form (except for verbs that end in –UIR) have a written accent on the “I” of the participle: CAER TRAER CAERDO fallenbroughtread LEER Other verbs include: creer, oír, reír, sonreír. IDOÍTRADOIDOÍER LEIDOÍDO
Some verbs have irregular past participles. REVV MAC PHDD Remember the crazy acronym?
R E V V M A C P H D D Romper Escribir Ver Volver Morir Abrir Cubrir Poner Hacer Decir Devolver Roto Escrito Visto Vuelto Muerto Abierto Cubierto Puesto Hecho Dicho Devuelto Broken Written Seen Returned Died Opened Covered Put/Placed Done/Made Said Returned
Or… you can sing my song! To the tune of “Happy Birthday” Dicho, Hecho, Puesto Roto, Vuelto, Visto Devuelto, Escrito Abierto, Muerto ¡Cubierto!
Place __________ _________, __________ _________, and __________ _________ before the conjugated form of HABER: NEGATIVE Susi y Mari hayan escrito. LO Object Pronoun HABER WORDS Susi y Mari hayan escrito.el cheque LO OBJECT PRONOUNSREFLEXIVEPRONOUNS