La descarga está en progreso. Por favor, espere

La descarga está en progreso. Por favor, espere

3.1 Descriptive adjectives ANTE TODO Adjectives are words that describe people, places, and things. In Spanish, descriptive adjectives are often used with.

Presentaciones similares


Presentación del tema: "3.1 Descriptive adjectives ANTE TODO Adjectives are words that describe people, places, and things. In Spanish, descriptive adjectives are often used with."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 3.1 Descriptive adjectives ANTE TODO Adjectives are words that describe people, places, and things. In Spanish, descriptive adjectives are often used with the verb ser to point out the characteristics or qualities of nouns or pronouns, such as nationality, size, color, shape, personality, and appearance. NOUN ADJECTIVE El abuelo de Maite es alto. PRONOUN ADJECTIVE Él es muy simpático también.

2 3.1 Descriptive adjectives COMPARE & CONTRAST In English, the forms of descriptive adjectives do not change to reflect the gender (masculine / feminine) and number (singular / plural) of the noun or pronoun they describe. Juan is nice. Elena is nice.They are nice. In Spanish, the forms of descriptive adjectives agree in gender and/or number with the nouns or pronouns they describe. Juan es simpático. Elena es simpática. Ellos son simpáticos. Forms and agreement of adjectives

3 3.1 Descriptive adjectives Masculine SINGULAR el muchacho alto PLURAL los muchachos altos Feminine SINGULAR la muchacha alta PLURAL las muchachas altas Adjectives that end in –o have four different forms. The feminine singular is formed by changing the –o to –a. The plural is formed by adding –s to the singular forms.

4 3.1 Descriptive adjectives Masculine SINGULAR el muchacho inteligente el examen difícil PLURAL los muchachos inteligentes los exámenes difíciles Feminine SINGULAR la muchacha inteligente la clase difícil PLURAL las muchachas inteligentes las clases difíciles Adjectives that end in –e or a consonant have the same masculine and feminine forms.

5 3.1 Descriptive adjectives Adjectives that end in –or are variable in both gender and number. Masculine SINGULAR el hombre trabajador PLURAL los hombres trabajadores Feminine SINGULAR la mujer trabajadora PLURAL las mujeres trabajadoras

6 3.1 Descriptive adjectives Adjectives that refer to nouns of different genders use the masculine plural form. Manuel es alto. Lola es alta. Manuel y Lola son altos.

7 3.1 Descriptive adjectives alto/a tall fácil easy antipático/a unpleasant feo/a ugly bajo/a short (in height) gordo/a fat bonito/a pretty grande big; large bueno/a good guapo/a handsome; good-looking delgado/a thin; slender importante important difícil hard; difficult inteligente intelligent Common adjectives

8 3.1 Descriptive adjectives Common adjectives joven young pequeño/a small malo/a bad rubio/a blond(e) mismo/a same simpático/a nice; likeable moreno/a brunet(te) tonto/a silly; foolish mucho/a much; many; a lot of trabajador(a) hard-working pelirrojo/a red-haired viejo/a old

9 3.1 Descriptive adjectives Adjectives of nationality Adjectives of nationality are formed like other descriptive adjectives. Adjectives of nationality that end in –o form the feminine by changing the –o to –a. chino china mexicano mexicana The plural is formed by adding an –s to the masculine or feminine form. chino chinos mexicana mexicanas

10 3.1 Descriptive adjectives Adjectives of nationality Adjectives of nationality that end in –e have only two forms, singular and plural. canadiense canadienses estadounidense estadounidenses Adjectives of nationality that end in a consonant form the feminine by adding –a. alemán alemana español española japonés japonesa inglés inglesa

11 3.1 Descriptive adjectives ¡ATENCIÓN! Unlike in English, Spanish adjectives of nationality are not capitalized. Proper names of countries, however, are capitalized. MéxicoCanadá China Perú Note that adjectives of nationality which carry an accent mark on the last syllable, drop it in the feminine and plural forms. inglés inglesa alemán alemanes

12 3.1 Descriptive adjectives Some adjectives of nationality alemán, alemana German inglés, inglesa English canadiense Canadian italiano/a Italian chino/a Chinese japonés, japonesa Japanese ecuatoriano/a Ecuadorian mexicano/a Mexican español(a) Spanish norteamericano/a (North) American estadounidense from the U. S. puertorriqueño/a Puerto Rican francés, francesa French ruso/a Russian

13 3.1 Descriptive adjectives Position of adjectives Descriptive adjectives and adjectives of nationality generally follow the nouns they modify. El chico rubio es de España. The blond boy is from Spain. La mujer española habla inglés. The Spanish woman speaks English.

14 3.1 Descriptive adjectives Unlike descriptive adjectives, adjectives of quantity are placed before the modified noun. Hay muchos libros en la biblioteca. There are many books in the library. Hablo con dos turistas puertorriqueños. I am talking with two Puerto Rican tourists. Position of adjectives

15 3.1 Descriptive adjectives Bueno/a and malo/a can be placed before or after a noun. When placed before a masculine singular noun, the forms are shortened: bueno buen; malo mal. Joaquín es un buen amigo. Joaquín is a good friend. Joaquín es un amigo bueno. Hoy es un mal día. Today is a bad day. Hoy es un día malo. Position of adjectives

16 3.1 Descriptive adjectives When grande appears before a singular noun, it is shortened to gran, and the meaning of the word changes: gran = great and grande = big, large. Don Francisco es un gran hombre. Don Francisco is a great man. La familia de Inés es grande. Inés family is large. Position of adjectives

17 3.1 Descriptive adjectives ¡INTÉNTALO! Provide the appropriate forms of the adjectives. simpáticoespañol 1. Mi hermano es ____. 1. Luis es ____. 2. La profesora Martínez es ____. 2. Mis primas son ____. 3. Rosa y Teresa son ____. 3. Rafael y yo somos ____. 4. Nosotros somos ____. difícilguapo 1. Clara es ____. 1. Su esposo es ____. 2. El periodista es ____. 2. Mis sobrinas son ____. 3. Ellas son ____. 3. Los padres de ella son ____. 4. Los turistas son ____. 4. Marta es ____.


Descargar ppt "3.1 Descriptive adjectives ANTE TODO Adjectives are words that describe people, places, and things. In Spanish, descriptive adjectives are often used with."

Presentaciones similares


Anuncios Google