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Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.7.2-1 Negative words deny the existence of people and things or contradict statements, for.

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Presentación del tema: "Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.7.2-1 Negative words deny the existence of people and things or contradict statements, for."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved Negative words deny the existence of people and things or contradict statements, for instance, no one or nothing. Spanish negative words have corresponding positive words, which are opposite in meaning.

2 Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.7.2-2

3 Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved There are two ways to form negative sentences in Spanish. You can place the negative word before the verb, or you can place no before the verb and the negative word after.

4 Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved Because they refer to people, alguien and nadie are often used with the personal a. The personal a is also used before alguno/a, algunos/as, and ninguno/a when these words refer to people and they are the direct object of the verb.

5 Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved ¡Atención! Before a masculine, singular noun, alguno and ninguno are shortened to algún and ningún.

6 Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved English It is incorrect to use more than one negative word in a sentence. Nunca le escribo a nadie. I never write to anyone. Once an English sentence contains one negative word (not or never), no other word may be used. Spanish Sentences frequently contain two or more negative words No me preocupo por nada nunca. I do not ever worry about anything. Once a negative word is used, all other elements must be expressed in the negative if possible.

7 Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved PERO Is used to mean BUT. Las toallas son caras pero bonitas. The towels are expensive, but beautiful. Jorge es inteligente, pero no saca buenas notas. Jorge is intelligent, but doesnt get good grades. SINO Is used when the first part of the sentence is negative and the second part contradicts it. In this context, SINO means but rather or on the contrary. Los estudiantes no se acuestan temprano sino tarde. The students dont go to bed early, but rather late. María no habla francés sino español María doesnt speak French, but rather Spanish.

8 Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved Cambia las oraciones para que sean negativas. La primera se da como ejemplo. 1.Siempre se viste bien. _____ se viste bien. _____ se viste bien _____. 2.Alguien se ducha. _____ se ducha. _____ se ducha _____. 3.Ellas van también. Ellas ___________van. Ellas __________ van _________. 4.Alguien se pone nervioso. _________ se pone nervioso. _________ se pone nervioso _________. 5.Tú siempre te lavas las manos. Tú _____________ te lavas las manos. Tú _______ te lavas las manos _______. 6.Voy a traer algo. _____ voy a traer _____. 7.Juan se afeita también. Juan _____________ se afeita. Juan _________ se afeita _________. 8.Mis amigos viven en una residencia o en casa. Mis amigos ________ viven _______ en una residencia _____ en casa. nunca No Nunca Nadie Nonadie tampoco notampoco Nadie Nonadie nunca/jamás No nunca/jamás No nada tampoco Notampoco noni


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