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Affirmative and Negative Words Affirmative Words alguien = someone, anyone algo = something, anything algún, alguno(s), alguna(s) = some, any siempre.

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Presentación del tema: "Affirmative and Negative Words Affirmative Words alguien = someone, anyone algo = something, anything algún, alguno(s), alguna(s) = some, any siempre."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1

2 Affirmative and Negative Words

3 Affirmative Words alguien = someone, anyone algo = something, anything algún, alguno(s), alguna(s) = some, any siempre = always también = also

4 Negative Words nadie = no one, nobody nada = nothing ningún, ninguno, ninguna = no, none, not any nunca = never tampoco = neither

5 ¡Importante! Alguno(s), alguna(s), ninguno, & ninguna need to match the number and gender of the noun to which they refer! Ex: I have some books. Yo tengo algunos libros.

6 Ex: You have some folders. Tú tienes algunas carpetas.

7 ¡MUY IMPORTANTE! To make a sentence negative, put no in front of the verb. In Spanish, you can have a double negative.

8 Ex: I dont have (not) any class. Yo no tengo ninguna clase.

9 Ex: We dont need (not) any folders. No necesitamos ninguna carpeta.

10 Yes, the double negative is UGLY, but it is perfectly acceptable in Spanish.

11 Lets translate! Nunca hablas con nadie. Never you talk with nobody. Sounds nasty! You never talk to anybody / anyone. Sounds much better!

12 One last thing…. When alguno and ninguno come before a masculine singular noun, drop the -o. EX: I dont have any books. No tengo ningún libro.

13 Youll notice: in English, books was plural, but in Spanish, it is singular. Why?

14 EX: I dont have any books. plural No tengo ningún libro. singular

15 It is singular in Spanish, because when you dont have a book, you dont have ANY, NOT ONE book.

16 Write the correct affirmative or negative term to complete each sentence.

17 We dont understand any of the words. No comprendemos _______ palabra. ninguna

18 He eats lunch with some friends. Él almuerza con _______ amigos. algunos

19 Do you want something? ¿Quieres _____? algo

20 Not one student did the homework. _______ estudiante hace la tarea. Ningún

21 They can never eat anything in class. Ellos _______ pueden comer ____ en clase. nunca nada


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