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Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.6.2-1 The past perfect indicative (el pretérito pluscuamperfecto de indicativo) is used to talk about what someone had done or what had occurred before another past action, event, or state. Like the present perfect, the past perfect uses a form of haberin this case, the imperfectplus the past participle.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.6.2-2
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.6.2-3 The past perfect is often used with the word ya (already) to indicate that an action, event, or state had already occurred before another. Remember that, unlike its English equivalent, ya cannot be placed between haber and the past participle.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.6.2-4 ¡Atención! The past perfect is often used in conjunction with antes de + [noun] or antes de + [infinitive] to describe when the action(s) occurred.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.6.2-5 Indica el pretérito pluscuamperfecto de indicativo de cada verbo. 1.Nosotros ya __________________ (cenar) cuando nos llamaron. 2.Antes de tomar esta clase, yo no __________ (estudiar) nunca el español. 3.Antes de ir a México, ellos nunca __________ (ir) a otro país. 4.Eduardo nunca __________ (entrenarse) tanto en invierno. 5.Tú siempre __________ (llevar) una vida sana antes del año pasado. 6.Antes de conocerte, yo ya te __________ (ver) muchas veces. habíamos cenado
The Pluperfect Tense Español 3 Capítulo 5 página 178.
Repaso: Ir a + infinitive in the imperfect
In Lección 2, you learned how to form the present tense of regular -ar verbs. You also learned about the importance of verb forms, which change to show.
preterite vs imperfect
Estructura Tomen Apuntes
The Pluperfect Indicative
El PLUSCUAMPERFECTO In English we form the PAST perfect (pluperfect) tense by combining had with the past participle of a verb. USE: To refer to an action.
Previously, you learned that reflexive verbs indicate that the subject of a sentence does the action to itself. Reciprocal reflexives, on the other hand,
IR- to go voy vamos vas vais va van
In Lección 2, you learned how to express preferences with gustar
You will now learn how to use the subjunctive with verbs and expressions of will and influence. Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
You already know that the verbs ir and ser are irregular in the preterite. You will now learn other verbs whose preterite forms are also irregular. Copyright.
In Lecciones 5 and 6, you learned that direct and indirect object pronouns replace nouns and that they often refer to nouns that have already been referenced.
You have already learned that ser and estar both mean to be but are used for different purposes. These charts summarize the key differences in usage between.
In both English and Spanish, the verb to be (ser) and numbers are used to tell time. Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
In Lecciones 6–9, you learned the preterite tense
You’ve already learned how to use interrogative words and phrases
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved Indefinite words refer to people and things that are not specific, for example, someone.
A direct object noun receives the action of the verb directly and generally follows the verb. In the example above, the direct object noun answers the.
El Imperfecto Or….another past tense.
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