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Realidades 2 El Imperfecto / The Imperfect Study guide / Worksheet / Powerpoint Capítulo 4A.

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Presentación del tema: "Realidades 2 El Imperfecto / The Imperfect Study guide / Worksheet / Powerpoint Capítulo 4A."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Realidades 2 El Imperfecto / The Imperfect Study guide / Worksheet / Powerpoint Capítulo 4A

2 To review the imperfect, go to and use web codes jdd-0404 and jdd-0405.

3 Important points to remember about the imperfect:

4 1. 1. For regular imperfect tense verb conjugations, drop the ending of the infinitive and add the following endings in its place:

5 AR Drop – AR, and add … abaábamos yo ___ aba nosotros _____ ábamos nosotras abasabais tú ___ abas vosotros ______ abais vosotras él ellos abaaban ella ___ aba ellas ______ aban UstedUstedes

6 ER Drop – ER, and add … íaíamos yo ___ ía nosotros ______ íamos nosotras íasíais tú ___ ías vosotros ______ íais vosotras él ellos íaían ella ___ ía ellas ______ ían UstedUstedes

7 IR Drop – IR, and add … íaíamos yo ___ ía nosotros ______ íamos nosotras íasíais tú ___ ías vosotros ______ íais vosotras él ellos íaían ella ___ ía ellas ______ ían UstedUstedes

8 ERIR Yes, its true!!!ER and IR imperfect tense verbs share the same endings!! Easy!!

9 AR,ER, and -IR –AR, –ER, and -IR stem-changing verbs do NOT have a stem-change in the preterite!! YEAH!!! 2.

10 3. 3. The imperfect is used to express continuous, repeated, habitual past action. As you continue with your study of the imperfect this semester, you will add to the list of situations in which the imperfect is used.

11 4.Look for clues. Look for adverbial expressions that imply the imperfect – expressions that imply continuous, repeated, habitual past action:4. generalmente por lo general generalmente (generally), por lo general (generally), a menudomuchas veces a menudo (often), muchas veces (many times), de vez en cuando de vez en cuando ( from time to time, occasionally, once in a while ), todos los díastodos los sábados todos los días (every day), todos los sábados (every Saturday), cada sábadosiempre cada sábado (every Saturday, each Saturday), siempre (always), nunca nunca (never), etc Use the imperfect when talking about childhood activities and when expressing the when youngwhenas a childde joven idea of when young, when as a child, etc. de joven, de niñode niñade pequeñode pequeña de niño, de niña, de pequeño, de pequeña, cuando era niñoniña cuando era niño ( niña ), etc.

12 1.Regular Imperfect Tense First, write the English equivalent for the Spanish infinitive. Then,conjugate the infinitive into the imperfect tense. Also, write the English translation of the imperfect 1 st person singular (yo) as it will be the basis for the other translations of each person.

13 1. hablar - singular plural 1ªYo translation – 1ªnosotros nosotras 2ªtú2ª vosotros vosotras 3ªél ella Usted 3ªellos ellas Ustedes to speak;to talk hablaba I spoke (talked), I was speaking (talking), I spoke (talked), I was speaking (talking), I used to speak (talk), I would speak (talk) I used to speak (talk), I would speak (talk) hablabas hablaba hablábamos hablabais hablaban

14 2. comprar - singular plural 1ªYo translation – 1ªnosotros nosotras 2ªtú2ª vosotros vosotras 3ªél ella Usted 3ªellos ellas Ustedes to buy, to purchase compraba I bought (purchased), I bought (purchased), I was buying (purchasing), I used to buy (purchase), I would buy (purchase) comprabas compraba comprábamos comprabais compraban

15 3. trabajar - singular plural 1ªYo translation – 1ªnosotros nosotras 2ªtú2ª vosotros vosotras 3ªél ella Usted 3ªellos ellas Ustedes to work trabajaba I worked, I was working, I worked, I was working, I used to work, I would work trabajabas trabajaba trabajábamos trabajabais trabajaban

16 4. esquiar - singular plural 1ªYo translation – 1ªnosotros nosotras 2ªtú2ª vosotros vosotras 3ªél ella Usted 3ªellos ellas Ustedes to ski esquiaba I skiied, I was skiing, I skiied, I was skiing, I used to ski, I would ski esquiabas esquiaba esquiábamos esquiabais esquiaban

17 5. levantarse (use reflexive pronouns) singular plural 1ªYo translation – 1ªnosotros nosotras 2ªtú2ª vosotros vosotras 3ªél ella Usted 3ªellos ellas Ustedes to get up me levantaba I got up, I was getting up; I got up, I was getting up; I used to get up, I would get up te levantabas se levantaba nos levantábamos os levantabais se levantaban

18 gar 6. jugar - singular plural 1ªYo translation – 1ªnosotros nosotras 2ªtú2ª vosotros vosotras 3ªél ella Usted 3ªellos ellas Ustedes to play (a sport, a game) jugaba I played, I was playing, I played, I was playing, I used to play, I would play jugabas jugaba jugábamos jugabais jugaban

19 car 7. tocar - singular plural 1ªYo translation – 1ªnosotros nosotras 2ªtú2ª vosotros vosotras 3ªél ella Usted 3ªellos ellas Ustedes to play (a musical instrument) tocaba I played, I was playing, I played, I was playing, I used to play, I would play tocabas tocaba tocábamos tocabais tocaban

20 8. empezar zar a + infinitivo empezar a + infinitivo singular plural 1ªYo translation – 1ªnosotros nosotras 2ªtú2ª vosotros vosotras 3ªél ella Usted 3ªellos ellas Ustedes to begin, to start empezaba I began (started), I began (started), I was beginning (starting), I used to begin (start), I would begin (start) empezabas empezaba empezábamos empezabais empezaban

21 9. comer - singular plural 1ªYo translation – 1ªnosotros nosotras 2ªtú2ª vosotros vosotras 3ªél ella Usted 3ªellos ellas Ustedes to eat comía I ate, I was eating, I ate, I was eating, I used to eat, I would eat comías comía comíamos comíais comían

22 10. poder – singular plural 1ªYo translation – 1ªnosotros nosotras 2ªtú2ª vosotros vosotras 3ªél ella Usted 3ªellos ellas Ustedes to be able, can podía I was able, I could, I was able, I could, I used to be able, I would be able podías podía podíamos podíais podían

23 11. tener – singular plural 1ªYo translation – 1ªnosotros nosotras 2ªtú2ª vosotros vosotras 3ªél ella Usted 3ªellos ellas Ustedes to have tenía I had, I was having, I had, I was having, I used to have, I would have tenías tenía teníamos teníais tenían

24 12. hacer – singular plural 1ªYo translation – 1ªnosotros nosotras 2ªtú2ª vosotros vosotras 3ªél ella Usted 3ªellos ellas Ustedes to do;to make hacía I did (made), I was doing (making), I did (made), I was doing (making), I used to do (make), I would do (make) hacías hacía hacíamos hacíais hacían

25 13. volver a + un lugar– singular plural 1ªYo translation – 1ªnosotros nosotras 2ªtú2ª vosotros vosotras 3ªél ella Usted 3ªellos ellas Ustedes to return to a place volvía I returned, I was returning, I returned, I was returning, I used to return, I would return volvías volvía volvíamos volvíais volvían

26 14. vivir – singular plural 1ªYo translation – 1ªnosotros nosotras 2ªtú2ª vosotros vosotras 3ªél ella Usted 3ªellos ellas Ustedes to live vivía I lived, I was living, I lived, I was living, I used to live, I would live vivías vivía vivíamos vivíais vivían

27 2. Irregular imperfect tense First, write the English equivalent for the Spanish infinitive. Then,conjugate the infinitive into the imperfect tense. Also, write the English translation of the imperfect 1st person singular (yo) as it will be the basis for the other translations of each person. There are only 3 (THREE) irregular imperfect tense verbs - SERVER IR SER (to be), VER (to see), IR to go – YEAH!!

28 15. ser - singular plural 1ªYo translation – 1ªnosotros nosotras 2ªtú2ª vosotros vosotras 3ªél ella Usted 3ªellos ellas Ustedes to be era I was, I was, I used to be, I would be eras era éramos erais eran

29 16. ver - singular plural 1ªYo translation – 1ªnosotros nosotras 2ªtú2ª vosotros vosotras 3ªél ella Usted 3ªellos ellas Ustedes to see veía I saw, I was seeing, I saw, I was seeing, I used to see, I would see veías veía veíamos veíais veían

30 17. ir - singular plural 1ªYo translation – 1ªnosotros nosotras 2ªtú2ª vosotros vosotras 3ªél ella Usted 3ªellos ellas Ustedes to go iba I went, I was going, I went, I was going, I used to go, I would go ibas iba íbamos ibais iban

31 We checked out… and used web codes jdd-0404 and jdd-0405 to practice the imperfect tense. It helped us!!


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