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Presentación del tema: "SECUENCIA DIDACTICA MODAL VERBS IN ENGLISH."— Transcripción de la presentación:


En esta secuencia los alumnos aprenderán a indicar obligación, hablar sobre reglas y normas, posibilidad, permiso, o dar consejos empleando los verbos modales OBJETIVOS Lograr que los alumnos puedan expresar diferentes grados de capacidad, posibilidad, permiso, necesidad, obligación, prohibición, seguridad, etc CONTENIDO Verbos modales: CAN, COULD MUST OUGHT TO MAY, MIGHT SHOULD WILL (HAVE TO) DESTINATARIOS Alumnos del Ciclo Superior, nivel elemtary/ pre-intermedio ACTIVIDADES Escucha comprensiva Práctica escrita con verbos modales Lectura comprensiva Evaluación CONTEXTO Escuela media – ciclo superior

1-Sigue el hipervículo y observa el video. 2- ¿Conoces algunos de las canciones o cantantes en el video? Comenta 3- ¿Que verbos modales pudiste identificar en las canciones? Circula los que pudiste identificar Ought to – Must – May – Might – Should – Can – Could 4- Observa el video nuevamente y completa las oraciones con verbos modales 1-…… be the shadow’s call …… be your journey on 2-We ……… as well be strangers in another town We as well be living in another time 3- I just …… get you out of my head 4- I know I …… what I wanna be 5-You …….....sigh and you ……....cry 6- The show …… go on 7- It …….be love, love, love nothing more nothing less I stay or I go

4 B- Verbos Modales (Modals) - Definición
Comenzaremos a desarrollar una categoría de verbos auxiliares que se conocen con el nombre de Verbos Modales. Reciben este nombre dado que difieren de los verbos regulares e irregulares porque cumplen funciones específicas de su grupo. Estos se utilizan en combinación con otros verbos para expresar diferentes grados de capacidad, posibilidad, permiso, necesidad, obligación, prohibición, seguridad, etc., referidos al verbo principal. Veremos a continuación los principales verbos modales de la lengua inglesa: Verbos ModalesForma NegativaCANCAN NOT / CAN'TCOULDCOULD NOT/ COULDN'TMIGHTMIGHT NOTAYMAY NOTMUSTMUST NOT / MUSTN'TSHOULDSHOULD NOT / SHOULDN'TWILLWILL NOT / WON'TWOULDWOULD NOT / WOULDN'T Para emplear correctamente los verbos modales es necesario saber que no se les coloca la "S" en la 3º persona del singular y que el verbo principal de la oración se ubica a continuación en infinitivo sin el TO, por ejemplo: He must study the lesson. Él debe estudiar la lección. She can go to the party. Ella puede ir a la fiesta. También debemos decir que no se utilizan con otros auxiliares (DON'T /DOESN'T) para construir una oración negativa, ya que como verán en el cuadro superior los verbos modales poseen su propia forma, por ejemplo: They must not travel to France. Ellos no deben viajar a Francia. I can not do the homework. Yo no puedo hacer la tarea. D- Para obtener más información sobre cada uno de ellos pulsa sobre cada una de las palabras: CAN - MAY/MIGHT - MUST - SHOULD - WOULD

5 C- ACTIVIDADES 1- Ejercicios: Verbos Modales I
Aquí te ofrecemos un nuevo ejercicio sobre verbos modales en el cual debes completar las siguientes oraciones con la palabra correcta: I prepare dinner tomorrow night so bring some ice-cream. I write two essays for tomorrow morning. She understand the lesson if she pays attention. Susan drive slower to avoid accidents. You list your doubts in the paper. He earn a lot of money this month. You express yourself in English. I travel to London next week. It must be easy to find a new job. Peter wash and repair his old bike. If you touch the dog you wash your hands. They watch the tv series on-line. It wasn’t easy but I pass the exam. It be hard working so many hours. It be possible to meet you at the restaurant. VER SOLUCIÓN Tambien puedes abrir el hiperviculo para ver la solucion de este ejercicio:

6 2- Formas para indicar obligación
Must vs. Have to Completa las frases con must, mustn't, have to, don't / doesn't have to. 1. Larry go to the bank. He hasn't got any money. 2. You …………….smoke in the baby's room. 3. You pay. The entrance is free. 4. I hurry up if I don't want to miss the plane. 5. In the company, everybody …………………..start work at 8: You cook tonight. I have already prepared the dinner. 7. I ……………………pick up my sister from the airport tomorrow. 8. She work. Her husband earns enough money for both of them. 9. You ………………………..smoke at the petrol station. 10. If you want to study here, you pass an entrance examination. 3- Ejercicios: Verbos Modales II Sigue el hipervículo, para continuar practicando-on line- los verbos modales

7 4- Ejercicios: Verbos Modales III – (actividad para alumnos mas avanzados)
The Adventures of Rick Mansworth Private Detective RICK AND THE BOX OF DREAMS. MODAL VERBS Read the following adventure of Rick Mansworth, Private Detective, and choose the most suitable word/s. It was a dark and stormy night in Manhattan, and Rick didn’t want to be alone. He felt lonely and he needed a woman. He knew what happen. The same thing that always happens; He go to a bar, order a beer, then another beer and then a whisky. He’d drink until he stand up and then he’d try to meet a girl. It was always a disaster. ‘Hi there, what I get you?’ asked the barman.  ‘A Bud, and some peanuts.’ Said Rick, as he looked around the bar for possible female company. There was no one of interest. Two young boys with ‘chicken-head’ haircuts playing pool. An old man in the corner with a newspaper and a pint of Guinness and a young couple kissing next to the video machine. ‘This bar the nightlife centre of New York State’, thought Rick, sarcastically. He finished his beer and asked for another. As he was paying the door opened and a young girl came in. She had long brown hair and was unusually beautiful despite looking sad and unhappy. She was holding a small wooden box. ‘ I buy you a drink, babe?’ Rick asked the girl, ‘You look as though you need one.’ ‘Well,’ replied the girl, ‘I really because I’m only fifteen, but if you insist I’ll have a double brandy.’ ‘A double brandy, Mac.’ Said Rick to the barman. Rick turned to speak to the girl and raised his glass. ‘My luck changing. So far my day has been a complete disaster, you’re the best thing that’s happened to me. Tell me kid, what’s in that box?’ The girl looked at Rick with sadness in her eyes. ‘I ……………………………… you. I open it.’  ‘But what’s in it?’ insisted Rick, ‘You can tell me.’

8 The Adventures of Rick Mansworth Private Detective (Condinued)
‘No I………………………….. Please stop!’ ‘Listen. You’d better tell me kid, or I’ll report you for drinking underage’. ‘But you bought me the drink! You damn cops are all the same!’ ‘I’m not a cop honey,’ said Rick, ‘I’m a private investigator. Now tell me what’s in the damn box!’ ‘Your dreams.’ said the girl, ‘Everything you wish for.’ ‘Did you open the box?’ asked Rick. ‘Yes, of course.’ replied the girl, ‘That’s why I’m so sad.’ ‘I don’t understand’, said Rick, ‘Why you be sad if you have your dreams in a box? Isn’t that a good thing?’ ‘No’, replied the girl, ‘When you have your dreams in your hands, what else is there?’ Follow the exciting adventures of Rick Mansworth-Private Dick-only at 'La Mansión del Inglés' Alone = solo/a (no aparece delante de un sustantivo.)  Lonely = solo/a (Sí puede ir delante de un sustantivo. Lleva un connotación negativa)  A Bud = un tipo de cerveza (Budweiser) Peanuts = cacahuetes Haircut = corte de pelo Sarcastically = sarcásticamente Cop = policía Honey/babe = cariñoCuando hayas completado el ejercicio, comprueba tus respuestas. Hipervínculo para ver esta actividad on-line:

9 D- Test con Verbos Modales
Aquí encontraras un test sobre el uso de verbos modales en Inglés. Test Elige la respuesta correcta: EJEMPLO: "I want to play" o "You must play" 1. You shouldn't ________ so upset about this.   get   to get 2. I can't ________ to you right now.   to talk   talk 3. Do you want ________ to the park tomorrow?   go   to go 4. I want to, but I can't ________.   go   to go 5. Would you like ________ now?   to eat   eat 6. My mother wants ________ a trip to Portugal.   take   to take 7. I need ________ you tomorrow.   to see   see 8. That must ________ it!   to be   be 9. Can you ________ him?   to understand   understand 10. I tried ________ to her in Japanese.   to speak   speak


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