2REPORTED SPEECHSe usa para contar lo que alguien ha dicho sin repetir las palabras exactas:‘I work here’, she said. (Estilo directo)She said (that) she worked there. (Estilo indirecto)
3REPORTED SPEECH (1) STATEMENTS La frase se suele introducir con los verbos ‘say’ y ‘tell’.No hay comillasLos verbos cambian al pasadoLos pronombres y adjetivos posesivos cambian lógicamente (normalmente de la 1ª y 2ª persona a la 3ª), excepto cuando el hablante cuenta lo que él dijo.El pronombre ‘you’ cambia a ‘I’ o ‘we’.Las palabras que indican lugar y tiempo deben cambiar lógicamente
4REPORTED SPEECH Diana said, ‘I’m looking for my bag’ STATEMENTSDiana said, ‘I’m looking for my bag’Diana said (that) she was looking for her bag
5REPORTED SPEECH Fiona said to Jim, ‘We like your new jeans’. STATEMENTSFiona said to Jim, ‘We like your new jeans’.Fiona said to Jim (that) they liked his new jeans.(told)
6REPORTED SPEECHCuando el verbo introductor está en pasado (said, told, …) se producen los siguientes cambios en los tiempos:PRESENT SIMPLE PAST SIMPLE‘I play chess.’ She said (that) she played chess.PRESENT CONTINUOUS PAST CONTINUOUS‘I’m playing chess.’ She said (that) she was playing chess.PRESENT PERFECT PAST PERFECT‘I have played chess.’ She said (that) she had played chess.PAST SIMPLE PAST PERFECT‘I played chess’. She said (that) she had played chess.FUTURE SIMPLE PRESENT CONDITIONAL‘I will play chess” She said (that) she would play chessCan couldMust / have to must / had toMay might
7REPORTED SPEECH PRESENT PAST simple simple continuous continuous perfect perfectPAST SIMPLE PAST PERFECTFUTURE CONDITIONALCONDITONAL CONDITIONAL
8REPORTED SPEECH I you he she it we they me you him her it us them my SUBJECTPRONOUNOBJECT PRONOUNPOSSESSIVEADJECTIVEPOSSESSIVEPRONOUNREFLEXIVEIyouhesheitwetheymeyouhimheritusthemmyyourhisheritsourtheirmineyourshishers-ourstheirsmyselfyourselfhimselfherselfitselfourselvesyourselvesthemselves
9REPORTED SPEECH PALABRAS Y EXPRESIONES QUE CAMBIAN: Direct speech Reported speechhere therethis thatthese thosetoday that daytonight that nightyesterday the day before / the previous dayLast…week / month / year the previous..week / month / yeara week / month / year..ago a week / month / year…beforetomorrow the next day / the following dayNext..week / month / year the following...week / month / year
10Write the sentences below in reported speech: Sam said, ‘I play tennis with my cousin on Saturdays’.Sam said , ‘I play tennis with my cousin on Saturdays’.Sam said that he played tennis with his cousin on Saturdays.Sophie said, ‘We will listen to music at our club’.Sophie said , ‘We will listen to music at our club’.Sophie said that they would listen to music at their club.‘I’m going to visit your town’, Jill said to Henry.Jill said to Henry that she was going to visit his town.told
11REPORTED SPEECH (2) QUESTIONS Una pregunta deja de serlo y se convierte en una frase.No hay comillas ni signo de interrogación ni inversión de sujeto y verbo.Detrás del verbo introductor (ask, …) aparecen ‘if’ (whether) o ‘question word’ (what, who, …) .
12REPORTED SPEECH QUESTIONS ‘Do you like fast food?’ Tom said to Mary. Tom asked Mary if she liked fast food.
13REPORTED SPEECH QUESTIONS ‘Where did you meet your boyfriend?’ Paul said to Sally.Paul asked Sally where she had met her boyfriend.
14Write the sentences below in reported speech: ‘Have you finished your homework?’, Ben said to Terry.Ben asked Terry if he had finished his homework.‘Why are you so sad today?’ Diana said to Helen.Diana asked Helen why she was so sad that day.‘When will you listen to me carefully?’ Jane said to her daughter.Jane asked her daughter when she would listen to her carefully.
15REPORTED SPEECH (3) COMMANDS and REQUESTS Se emplea un verbo introductor que exprese mandato (tell, ask, order, …).El imperativo pasa a infinitivo.Al traducir las ideas en estilo indirecto usamos el subjuntivo.
16REPORTED SPEECH COMMANDS and REQUESTS The nurse said to the visitors, ‘Keep quiet’The nurse told the visitors to keep quiet.asked
17The librarian said to Ron, ‘Don’t make a noise”. REPORTED SPEECHCOMMANDS and REQUESTSThe librarian said to Ron, ‘Don’t make a noise”.The librarian told Ron not to make a noise.asked
18Write the sentences below in reported speech: ‘Stand up’, the policeman said to the thief.The policeman told the thief to stand up.‘Don’t open your books’, the teacher said to the students.The teacher told the students not to open their books.‘Don’t close your eyes and pay attention’, the magician said to the boy.The magician told the boy not to close his eyes and to pay attention.