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U.S. Runway Safety Program

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Presentación del tema: "U.S. Runway Safety Program"— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 U.S. Runway Safety Program
(El Programa de la Seguridad de las Pistas de los EE.UU.) International Conference on Modern Airport Management Bill Davis, Director Office of Runway Safety March 26, 2003

2 Global Airspace Characteristics
(Características Globales del Espacio Aéreo) Growing demand for air travel and system capacity (La demanda creciente para vuelos y la capacidad del sistema) Millions of operations a year (Millones de operaciones por año) Hundreds of thousands of pilots and aircraft (Cientos de miles de pilotos y aviónes) Thousands of air traffic controllers (Miles de controladores aéreo) Thousands of airports (Miles de aeropuertos) Pressure to enhance safety and improve capacity (La presión para aumentar la seguridad y mejorar la capacidad)

3 Runway Incursions (All Categories)
Las Incursiones en las Pistas (Todas Las Categorías) Tower Operations (millions) YTD 03/02/03 68.67 67.68 65.47 64.88 116 AS OF 03/02/02 (Las Operaciones de la Torre (millones)) DATA ARE PRELIMINARY AND SUBJECT TO CHANGE

4 Tower Operations (millions)
Category A&B Runway Incursions Las Incursiones en las Pistas (Las Categorías A y B) 68.67 67.68 65.47 Tower Operations (millions) YTD 03/02/03 64.88 AS OF 03/02/02 17 69 67 53 37 11 (Las Operaciones de la Torre (millones)) DATA ARE PRELIMINARY AND SUBJECT TO CHANGE

5 FY 2003 Performance (as of 3/2/03)
(Desempeño del Año Económico 2003) FY 2003 YTD (03/02/03) FY 2003 YTD (03/02/03)

6 Accomplishments to Date
(Los Logros Hasta La Fecha) Tracking of all runway incursions (Rastrear todas las incursiones de las pistas) Analyzing the incident data to determine areas of greatest risk (Analizar los datos del incidente para determinar áreas del mayor riesgo) Identifying strategies for managing human error (Identificar las estrategias para gestionar el error humano) Investigating and providing better tools for airport users (Investigar y proporcionar mejores herramientas para usuarios de aeropuerto) Implementing surface safety education, training and awareness initiatives (Aplicar la educación de la seguridad de la superficie, la instrucción, y las iniciativas del conocimiento) Runway Safety Blueprint (El Cianotipo de la Seguridad de las Pistas)

7 Global Solutions (Soluciones Globales) Runway Safety is a multi-dimensional, international issue that requires a multi-dimensional approach. (La Seguridad de las pistas es un asunto complejo que requiere una solución compleja) Standardized runway incursion language (La estandardización del idioma de las incursiones en las pistas) Definition (Definición) Categorizations (Categorizaciones) by Severity (Severidad) by Type (Tipo)

8 U.S. Runway Incursion Definition
(La Definición de una Incursión de la Pisa de los EE.UU.) “Any occurrence in the airport runway environment involving an aircraft, vehicle, person, or object on the ground that creates a collision hazard or results in a loss of required separation with an aircraft taking off, intending to take off, landing, or intending to land.” “Cualquier ocurrencia en el ambiente de la pista de aeropuerto en que un avión, un vehículo, una persona, o un objeto crea un peligro de la colisión o resulta en la pérdida de la separación requerida con un avión despegando, listo para despegar, aterrizando, o listo para aterrizar.”

9 Runway Incursion Severity Categories
(Las Categorías de Severidad de las Incursiones en las Pistas) Operational dimensions affecting runway incursion severity (Las dimensiones operacionales afectando la severidad de las incursiónes en las pistas) Available Evasive or Environmental Speed of Proximity of Available Evasive or Speed of Proximity of Reaction Corrective Environmental Conditions Aircraft and/or Aircraft and/or Reaction Corrective Aircraft and/or Aircraft and/or Time Action Conditions Vehicle Vehicle Time Action Vehicle Vehicle Tiempo disponible de reacción Acción evasiva o correctiva Condiciones de entorno Velocidad de avión o vehículo Proximidad de avión o vehículo Increasing Severity (La Severidad Creciente) Category B Separation decreases and there is a significant potential for collision Separation decreases and there is a significant potential for a collision. Category D Category D Category C Category C Category A Category A Little or no chance of collision, but meets the definition of a runway incursion. Separation decreases and participants take extreme action to narrowly avoid a collision, or the event results in a collision. Little or no Separation decreases, but there is ample time and distance to avoid a potential collision. Separation Separation chance of decreases but decreases and collision but there is ample participants take meets the time and extreme action Poca o ninguna oportunidad de colisión, pero reúne la definición de una incursión de la pista. definition of a Disminuir la separación, pero hay tiempo y distancia amplios para evitar una colisión potencial. distance to avoid to narrowly Disminuir la separación, y hay un potencial significativo para una colisión Disminuir la separación y participantes toman la acción extrema para evitar una colisión, o resulta en una colisión. runway incursion a collision avoid a collision

10 Types of Runway Incursions
(Los Tipos de Incursiones en las Pistas) The FAA investigates runway incursions and attributes the occurrence to one or more of the following error types. (FAA investiga las incursiones en las pistas y atribuye la ocurrencia a uno o más de los tipos de error siguientes) A pilot deviation (PD) is an action of a pilot that violates any Federal Aviation Regulation. For example, a pilot fails to obey air traffic control instructions to not cross an active runway when following the authorized route to an airport gate. A vehicle or pedestrian deviation (VPD) includes pedestrians, vehicles or other objects interfering with aircraft operations by entering or moving on the runway movement area without authorization from air traffic control. An operational error (OE) is an action of an Air Traffic Controller (ATC) that results in: Less than the required minimum separation between two or more aircraft, or between an aircraft and obstacles (obstacles include vehicles, equipment, and personnel on runways) An aircraft landing or departing on a runway closed to aircraft Operational Errors Pilot Deviations Vehicle/Pedestrian Deviations (Errores operacionales) (Desviaciones de Pilotos) (Desviaciones de Vehículos/Peatones

11 ICAO Toolkit (Paquete de Seguridad de la OACI) Standardization of runway safety program (La estandardización del programa de la seguridad en las pistas) Develop standard packet of available runway safety related materials, links to websites, to offer to those countries interested in distributing a safety program (Desarrollar un paquete uniforme de las materias y websites disponibles y relacionadas a la seguridad de la pista, para ofrecer a esos países interesados en distribuir un programa de la seguridad) Team consisting of members from international aviation organizations (ICAO, EUROCONTROL, NAV CANADA, Transport Canada, IFALPA, FAA, TACA) (Un Equipo colectivo de miembros de organizaciones internacionales de aviación) February 2003 – first meeting held to review existing materials that could be incorporated (Febrero 2003 – primera reunión para revisar las materias existentes que se podrían incorporar)

12 U.S. Runway Safety Materials
(Las Materias de la Seguridad de las Pistas de los EE.UU.) Number of materials available via our website, (Hay varias materias disponibles en el website) Airport Ground Vehicle Operations Guide Ground Vehicle Guide to Airport Signs and Markings Pilot Guide to Airport Signs and Markings Operations at Towered Airports Safety Advisors Airport Signage and Markings Flash Card training tool Driver training tool Not ICAO standard, but may be helpful (No son normas de la OACI, pero pueden ser útil) Current inventory – majority updated in 2002 Ground vehicle guide includes new section on the runway safety area Ground vehicle sticker – color changed to be more reflective based on user input; any comments on whether more legible? Flash Cards – available via AOPA’s website (http://www.aopa.org/asf/flashcards/fcards_files/frame. htm) as a PowerPoint show. Safety Advisors – also available via AOPA’s website Seems to be an evolving product (AOPA printed revised version June 2002). We have requested that runway incursion-related inset be added. They have revised the operations to “over 60 million.” This revised version should be available mid February. We will split ship to the regions when available.

13 Global Standard Runway Incursion Language recognized worldwide
(La Norma Global) Runway Incursion Language recognized worldwide (El Idioma de Incursiones en las pistas reconocido mundialmente) DEFINITION CATEGORY SEVERITY TYPE DATABASE

14

15 Backup slides

16 Severity Distribution of Runway Incursions
FY FY 2003 YTD (03/02/03) DATA ARE PRELIMINARY AND SUBJECT TO CHANGE

17 Runway Incursion Severity Categories
Increasing Severity Category B Separation decreases and there is a significant potential for collision Separation decreases and there is a significant potential for a collision. Category C decreases but there is ample time and distance to avoid a collision Separation decreases, but there is ample time and distance to avoid a potential collision. Category D Little or no chance of collision but meets the definition of a runway incursion Little or no chance of collision, but meets the definition of a runway incursion. Category A participants take extreme action to narrowly avoid a collision Separation decreases and participants take extreme action to narrowly avoid a collision, or the event results in a collision.

18 Runway Safety Blueprint
8 Goals Education and Training Surface Safety Awareness Procedures Data Collection Surface Communications Situational Awareness New Technologies Local Runway Safety Solutions

19 Distribution by Type of Runway Incursions
Who is causing the problem FY FY 2003 YTD (03/02/03) Category A includes 4 collisions / 4 fatalities (FLL, SRQ - 4 fatal, VNY, & LAL). DATA ARE PRELIMINARY AND SUBJECT TO CHANGE

20 Number of Runway Incursions
Number and Severity of Runway Incursions at the OEP-35 Airports (FY 1999 through FY 2002) Number of Runway Incursions Arranged in Decreasing Number of Operations (FY 1999 through FY 2002) OEP airports that had 5 or more A/B events for FY FY 2002.


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