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International Conference on Modern Airport Management Bill Davis, Director Office of Runway Safety March 26, 2003 U.S. Runway Safety Program (El Programa.

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Presentación del tema: "International Conference on Modern Airport Management Bill Davis, Director Office of Runway Safety March 26, 2003 U.S. Runway Safety Program (El Programa."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 International Conference on Modern Airport Management Bill Davis, Director Office of Runway Safety March 26, 2003 U.S. Runway Safety Program (El Programa de la Seguridad de las Pistas de los EE.UU.)

2 Global Airspace Characteristics Pressure to enhance safety and improve capacity (La presión para aumentar la seguridad y mejorar la capacidad) Millions of operations a year Hundreds of thousands of pilots and aircraft Thousands of airports Thousands of air traffic controllers Growing demand for air travel and system capacity (La demanda creciente para vuelos y la capacidad del sistema) (Millones de operaciones por año) (Cientos de miles de pilotos y aviónes) (Miles de controladores aéreo) (Miles de aeropuertos) (Características Globales del Espacio Aéreo)

3 Runway Incursions (All Categories) DATA ARE PRELIMINARY AND SUBJECT TO CHANGE Tower Operations (millions) YTD 03/02/ AS OF 03/02/02 Las Incursiones en las Pistas (Todas Las Categorías) (Las Operaciones de la Torre (millones))

4 Category A&B Runway Incursions DATA ARE PRELIMINARY AND SUBJECT TO CHANGE Tower Operations (millions) YTD 03/02/ AS OF 03/02/ Las Incursiones en las Pistas (Las Categorías A y B) (Las Operaciones de la Torre (millones))

5 FY 2003 Performance (as of 3/2/03) FY 2003 YTD (03/02/03) (Desempeño del Año Económico 2003)

6 Accomplishments to Date Tracking of all runway incursions (Rastrear todas las incursiones de las pistas) Analyzing the incident data to determine areas of greatest risk (Analizar los datos del incidente para determinar áreas del mayor riesgo) Identifying strategies for managing human error (Identificar las estrategias para gestionar el error humano) Investigating and providing better tools for airport users (Investigar y proporcionar mejores herramientas para usuarios de aeropuerto) Implementing surface safety education, training and awareness initiatives (Aplicar la educación de la seguridad de la superficie, la instrucción, y las iniciativas del conocimiento) Runway Safety Blueprint (El Cianotipo de la Seguridad de las Pistas) (Los Logros Hasta La Fecha)

7 Global Solutions Runway Safety is a multi-dimensional, international issue that requires a multi- dimensional approach. (La Seguridad de las pistas es un asunto complejo que requiere una solución compleja) Standardized runway incursion language (La estandardización del idioma de las incursiones en las pistas) –Definition (Definición) –Categorizations (Categorizaciones) by Severity (Severidad) by Type (Tipo) (Soluciones Globales)

8 U.S. Runway Incursion Definition Any occurrence in the airport runway environment involving an aircraft, vehicle, person, or object on the ground that creates a collision hazard or results in a loss of required separation with an aircraft taking off, intending to take off, landing, or intending to land. Cualquier ocurrencia en el ambiente de la pista de aeropuerto en que un avión, un vehículo, una persona, o un objeto crea un peligro de la colisión o resulta en la pérdida de la separación requerida con un avión despegando, listo para despegar, aterrizando, o listo para aterrizar. (La Definición de una Incursión de la Pisa de los EE.UU.)

9 Runway Incursion Severity Categories Operational dimensions affecting runway incursion severity Available Reaction Time Available Reaction Time Evasive or Corrective Action Evasive or Corrective Action Environmental Conditions Environmental Conditions Speed of Aircraft and/or Vehicle Speed of Aircraft and/or Vehicle Proximity of Aircraft and/or Vehicle Proximity of Aircraft and/or Vehicle Increasing Severity (La Severidad Creciente) Category B Separation decreases and there is a significant potential for collision Separation decreases and there is a significant potential for a collision. Category C Separation decreases but there is ample time and distance to avoid a collision Separation decreases, but there is ample time and distance to avoid a potential collision. Category D Little or no chance of collision but meets the definition of a runway incursion Little or no chance of collision, but meets the definition of a runway incursion. Category A Separation decreases and participants take extreme action to narrowly avoid a collision Separation decreases and participants take extreme action to narrowly avoid a collision, or the event results in a collision. Category A (Las Categorías de Severidad de las Incursiones en las Pistas) (Las dimensiones operacionales afectando la severidad de las incursiónes en las pistas) Tiempo disponible de reacción Acción evasiva o correctiva Condiciones de entorno Velocidad de avión o vehículo Proximidad de avión o vehículo Poca o ninguna oportunidad de colisión, pero reúne la definición de una incursión de la pista. Disminuir la separación, pero hay tiempo y distancia amplios para evitar una colisión potencial. Disminuir la separación, y hay un potencial significativo para una colisión Disminuir la separación y participantes toman la acción extrema para evitar una colisión, o resulta en una colisión.

10 Types of Runway Incursions The FAA investigates runway incursions and attributes the occurrence to one or more of the following error types. (FAA investiga las incursiones en las pistas y atribuye la ocurrencia a uno o más de los tipos de error siguientes) A pilot deviation (PD) is an action of a pilot that violates any Federal Aviation Regulation. For example, a pilot fails to obey air traffic control instructions to not cross an active runway when following the authorized route to an airport gate. A vehicle or pedestrian deviation (VPD) includes pedestrians, vehicles or other objects interfering with aircraft operations by entering or moving on the runway movement area without authorization from air traffic control. An operational error (OE) is an action of an Air Traffic Controller (ATC) that results in: Less than the required minimum separation between two or more aircraft, or between an aircraft and obstacles (obstacles include vehicles, equipment, and personnel on runways) An aircraft landing or departing on a runway closed to aircraft Operational ErrorsPilot Deviations Vehicle/Pedestrian Deviations (Errores operacionales) (Desviaciones de Pilotos) (Desviaciones de Vehículos/Peatones (Los Tipos de Incursiones en las Pistas)

11 ICAO Toolkit Standardization of runway safety program (La estandardización del programa de la seguridad en las pistas) Develop standard packet of available runway safety related materials, links to websites, to offer to those countries interested in distributing a safety program (Desarrollar un paquete uniforme de las materias y websites disponibles y relacionadas a la seguridad de la pista, para ofrecer a esos países interesados en distribuir un programa de la seguridad) Team consisting of members from international aviation organizations (ICAO, EUROCONTROL, NAV CANADA, Transport Canada, IFALPA, FAA, TACA) (Un Equipo colectivo de miembros de organizaciones internacionales de aviación) February 2003 – first meeting held to review existing materials that could be incorporated (Febrero 2003 – primera reunión para revisar las materias existentes que se podrían incorporar) (Paquete de Seguridad de la OACI)

12 U.S. Runway Safety Materials Number of materials available via our website, (Hay varias materias disponibles en el website) –Airport Ground Vehicle Operations Guide –Ground Vehicle Guide to Airport Signs and Markings –Pilot Guide to Airport Signs and Markings –Operations at Towered Airports Safety Advisors –Airport Signage and Markings Flash Card training tool –Driver training tool Not ICAO standard, but may be helpful (No son normas de la OACI, pero pueden ser útil) (Las Materias de la Seguridad de las Pistas de los EE.UU.)

13 Global Standard Runway Incursion Language recognized worldwide DEFINITION CATEGORY SEVERITY TYPE DATABASE (El Idioma de Incursiones en las pistas reconocido mundialmente) (La Norma Global)

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15 Backup slides

16 Severity Distribution of Runway Incursions DATA ARE PRELIMINARY AND SUBJECT TO CHANGE FY 2003 YTD (03/02/03)FY

17 Runway Incursion Severity Categories Increasing Severity Category B Separation decreases and there is a significant potential for collision Separation decreases and there is a significant potential for a collision. Category C Separation decreases but there is ample time and distance to avoid a collision Separation decreases, but there is ample time and distance to avoid a potential collision. Category D Little or no chance of collision but meets the definition of a runway incursion Little or no chance of collision, but meets the definition of a runway incursion. Category A Separation decreases and participants take extreme action to narrowly avoid a collision Separation decreases and participants take extreme action to narrowly avoid a collision, or the event results in a collision. Category A

18 Runway Safety Blueprint 8 Goals 1.Education and Training 2.Surface Safety Awareness 3.Procedures 4.Data Collection 5.Surface Communications 6.Situational Awareness 7.New Technologies 8.Local Runway Safety Solutions

19 Distribution by Type of Runway Incursions DATA ARE PRELIMINARY AND SUBJECT TO CHANGE FY 2003 YTD (03/02/03) Category A includes 4 collisions / 4 fatalities (FLL, SRQ - 4 fatal, VNY, & LAL). FY

20 Number and Severity of Runway Incursions at the OEP-35 Airports (FY 1999 through FY 2002) Arranged in Decreasing Number of Operations (FY 1999 through FY 2002) Number of Runway Incursions OEP airports that had 5 or more A/B events for FY FY 2002.


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