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Remember articles…. A/AN & SOME SINGULAR A/AN PLURAL SOME or A FEW MASCULINE un unos FEMININE unaunas THE SINGULARPLURAL MASCULINE el los FEMININE lalas.

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Presentación del tema: "Remember articles…. A/AN & SOME SINGULAR A/AN PLURAL SOME or A FEW MASCULINE un unos FEMININE unaunas THE SINGULARPLURAL MASCULINE el los FEMININE lalas."— Transcripción de la presentación:

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2 Remember articles…. A/AN & SOME SINGULAR A/AN PLURAL SOME or A FEW MASCULINE un unos FEMININE unaunas THE SINGULARPLURAL MASCULINE el los FEMININE lalas MY SINGULARPLURAL mimis

3 Here are a couple of helpful phrases: ? ¿Qué llevas?What are you wearing? llevo... llevo...Im wearing... Llevarto wear ¿Cuánto cuesta (n)? ¿Cuánto cuesta (n)?How much does it (do they) cost? Cuesta (n)…. Cuesta (n)….It costs…(they cost…)

4 la camiseta

5 la blusa

6 El sueter

7 La camisa

8 los pantalones

9 los pantalones cortos

10 los jeans

11 El abrigo

12 la chaqueta

13 El vestido

14 la falda

15 la corbata

16 El cinturon

17 El traje de baño

18 El sombrero

19 El gorro

20 Los zapatos

21 Los calcentines

22 las botas

23 las sandalias

24 los zapatos de tenis

25 Las gafas del sol

26 Los guantes

27 La bufanda

28 La estación (las estaciones)

29 el invierno

30 la primavera

31 el verano

32 el otoño

33 To talk about shopping….. EspañolInglés El centro comercial El dinero El euro El precio El tamaño La tienda Ir de compras pagar Shopping center, mall money euro The price The size The store To go shopping To pay

34 To describe clothing….. EspañolInglés feo bonito nuevo largo (a) corto caro barato apretado Suelto ugly new long short expensive cheap pretty baggy tight

35 Los idiomas con Tener

36 Tener hambre To have hunger –To be hungry Tengo hambre antes del almuerzo I am hungry before lunch!

37 Tener sed To be thirsty –Tengo sed cuando bailo mucho I am thirsty when I dance alot.

38 Tener frío To be cold –Tenemos frio en el invierno en Kansas. We are cold in the winter in Kansas

39 Tener calor To be hot –Tenemos calor en el verano en Kansas. We are hot in the summer in Kansas

40 Tener razón To be right (correct) –Yo siempre tengo razón. Soy la profesora! I am always right, I am the teacher!

41 Tener suerte To be lucky –¿Tienes suerte en tu vida? Are you lucky in life?

42 Tener miedo To have fear –To be afraid Tengo miedo de los ratones. I am afraid of mice!

43 Tener prisa To be in a hurry –¿Tienes prisa en la mañana? Are you in a hurry in the morning?

44 Tener que…+infinitive To have to do someting –¡Tengo que trabajar mucho! I have to work a lot!

45 Tener….años To have a number of years. –Tengo cien años I am one hundred years old!

46 Lets conjugate!!! Llevar = to wear YO ( ) Tú ( ) ElEllaUsted NosotrosNosotras EllosEllasUstedes tengo II have yo u tienes You have (he) (she) (you formal) tiene He has We have You have (formal) (We) tenemos She has They (boys) They (girls) tienen They have (You all)

47 Tener frío To be cold –Tenemos frio en el invierno en Kansas. We are cold in the winter in Kansas

48 Tener calor To be hot –Tenemos calor en el verano en Kansas. We are hot in the summer in Kansas

49 Tener razón To be right (correct) –Yo siempre tengo razón. Soy la profesora! I am always right, I am the teacher!

50 Tener suerte To be lucky –¿Tienes suerte en tu vida? Are you lucky in life?

51 Stem Changing Verbs In Spanish, some verbs have a ______ in the present tense. This means that the root of the word changes but the endings stay the same. For e ie stem-changing verbs, the e of the stem changes to ie in all forms except ____________ For example: –Querer (to want) stem changes to: quiero stem-change nosotros.

52 yo ( ) _____-o_____ tú ( ) ____-es____ élellaUsted __-e_____ vosotrosvosotras _____-éis_____ NosotrosNosotras _____-emos___ Ellos __-en____ EllasUstedes ____-en_____ quiero I I want you quieres You want (he) (she) (you formal) quiere He wants We want You want(formal) (We) queremos She wants quierenThey want (You all) queréis You all want

53 Inglés Cerrar Empezar Entender Pensar preferir Other e ie stem-changers Español To close To begin To understand To think To prefer

54 yo ( ) _____-o_____ tú ( ) ____-es____ élellaUsted __-e_____ vosotrosvosotras _____-éis_____ NosotrosNosotras _____-emos___ Ellos __-en____ EllasUstedes ____-en_____ pienso I I think you pienses You think (he) (she) (you formal) piense He thinks We think You think (formal) (We) pensamos She thinks piensenThey think (You all) pieséis You all think

55 yo ( ) _____-o_____ tú ( ) ____-es____ élellaUsted __-e_____ vosotrosvosotras _____-ís_____ NosotrosNosotras _____-imos___ Ellos __-en____ EllasUstedes prefiero I I prefer you prefieres You prefer (he) (she) (you formal) prefiere He prefers We prefer You prefer (formal) (We) preferimos She prefers prefierenThey prefer (You all) prefierís You all prefer

56 Notice that when one verb follows another, the first verb is conjugated and the second stays in its infinitive form. Quiero comer la pizza por favor. ¿Quieres ir a la biblioteca conmigo? I want to eat pizza please. Do you want to go to the library with me?

57 Practice: Translate the following to Spanish. BE CAREFUL! 1.My brother and I understand Spanish Please close the door. ____________________________________ 3.I want a hamburger now! _____________________________________ 4.What do you think? ____________________________________

58 5.I prefer the red shoes. _____________________________________ 6.We don´t want to go home! _____________________________________ 7.Do you understand? _____________________________________ 8.Math class begins at 10. ____________________________________

59 Direct object pronouns Direct objects receive the action of the verb in the sentence. They answer the question whom? or what? The direct object can be a _______ or a __________. Find the direct object in these sentences. Underline them on your paper. –Luisa is buying the Luisa is buying –I am eating the I am eating noun pronoun blouse. it. pizza. it.

60 Direct object pronouns Direct object pronouns can be used to replace direct object nouns in Spanish. Direct object pronouns must match the noun they replace in number and gender.

61 Here they are…

62 The direct object noun is placed after the conjugated verb. –BUT The direct object pronoun is placed before the conjugated verb. Quiero la camisa. I want the shirt is replaced with La quiero. I want it.

63 Lets practice. Underline the direct object. Then, replace it with the direct object pronoun. 1.Quiero los Los quiero. 2. Prefiero el Lo prefiero. 3.Llevamos Las llevamos. zapatos. café las camisas rosadas.

64 When an infinitive follows the conjugated verb, the direct object pronoun can be placed before the conjugated verb or be attached to the infinitive.

65 Let´s practice…. 1. Write the sentence in Spanish. 2. Underline the direct object. 3. Then, write it with a direct object pronoun. 1.I want to visit my grandma. _____________________________________ 2.I prefer to eat the pizza. _____________________________________ 3.I want to buy the blouse. _____________________________________ 4.You need to close the door. ____________________________________ Quiero visitar mi abuela.Quiero visitarla. Prefiero comer la pizza. Quiero comprarla.Quiero comprar la blusa. Prefiero comerla. Necesitas cerrar la puerta. Necesitas cerrarla.

66 5.She wants to wear the green hat. _____________________________________ 6.We need to buy the ugly shoes. _____________________________________ 7.Who needs to eat green eggs? _____________________________________ 8.We prefer to drink orange juice. _____________________________________ Ella quiere llevar el sombrero verde. Ella quiere llevarlo. Necesitamos comprar los zapatos feos. Necesitamos comprarlos. ¿Quién necesita comer los huevos verdes? Quién necesita comerlos Preferimos beber jugo de naranja. Preferimos beberlo.


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