La descarga está en progreso. Por favor, espere

La descarga está en progreso. Por favor, espere

Observatorio Europeo sobre Sistemas Sanitarios Suszy Lessof Allicante, 26 May 2003 European Observatory on Health Care Systems www.observatory.dk.

Presentaciones similares


Presentación del tema: "Observatorio Europeo sobre Sistemas Sanitarios Suszy Lessof Allicante, 26 May 2003 European Observatory on Health Care Systems www.observatory.dk."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Observatorio Europeo sobre Sistemas Sanitarios Suszy Lessof Allicante, 26 May 2003 European Observatory on Health Care Systems

2 Contexto Desafios/retos sanitarios comunes Globalizacion de las presiones Escasa evidencia sobre la efectividad real de muchas politicas sanitarias La informacion disponible carece de relevancia para politicos sanitarios y agencias

3 Respuestas Convergencia en las estrategias adoptadas Transferencia de modelos, reformas e ideas a traves de contextos socio-economicos, culturales distintos Reforma rica en ideologia pero pobre en conocimiento Politica sanitaria basada en la evidencia Observatorios

4 A new drug cannot be introduced…without exhaustive scientific trials, but we usually introduce new ways of delivering health services with little or no scientific evaluation … If health care system changes were submitted to the same scrutiny as new drug evaluations, they would probably not even be allowed to move from the animal to the human experimentation stage. Source: Hiullman 1998 Politica sanitaria basada en la evidencia

5 De la torre de marfil academica –Es necesaria mas investigacion –El jurado todavia esta deliberando –Demasiado pronto a comentar, …. A la politica reactiva del dia a dia –Agenda politica –Electoral pressures - short termism, ideology –Necesidad de resultados quick and dirty a corto plazo Politica sanitaria basada en la evidencia

6 Un papel del Observatorios Analisis comprensivo - disponibilidad de informacion en areas claves Analisis riguroso - c alidad scientifico Oportuno - timely Relevancia (pertinente, relacionado, apropriado) to policy makers needs Accesible - target dissemination /communication

7 Un papel del Observatorios Cubrir el gap entre la evidencia y la politica sanitaria –Regional –Nacional –Internacional

8 Observatorio Europeo sobre Sistemas Sanitarios Organizacion Mundial de la Salud Oficina Europea Gobierno de Espana Gobierno de Noruega Gobierno de Grecia Banco Mundial Open Society Institute Banco Europeo de Inversiones Banco Europeo de Inversiones London School of Economics and Political Science London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

9 Mision del Observatorio Europeo El Observatorio Europeo sobre sistemas sanitarios apoya y promueve la politica sanitaria basada en la evidencia a traves del analisis comprensivo y riguroso de los sistemas sanitarios en Europa

10 Principios centrales Cubrir el espacio entre la evidencia cientifica y las necesidades de los politicos sanitarios Analisis comparativo de la evidencia existente Desarrollo de lecciones practicas y alternativas en politica sanitaria

11 Most countries are dealing with health care reforms as if each was on Mars. Few have tried to learn from others. (...) Instead of each country trying out its own experiments, they should be studying each others for ideas and pitfalls. The Economist (1991) Comparaciones internacionales

12 International differences in health care systems and approaches to reform can provide analysts with a natural experiment, which, if rigorously analysed, can facilitate learning from other countries successes and failures.

13 1. Informacion por paises / Monitorizacion 2. Analisis 3. Diseminacion Actividades / Productos

14 Production of HiTs Sistemas Sanitarios en Transition; perfiles por pais HiT Summaries Living HiTs Glossary (printed and on-line) HiT template revision wide consultation 1.Informacion por paises / Monitorizacion

15 Analytical description of health systems organization, finance and delivery, and reforms in European countries Full coverage of region + other key OECD countries Routine and systematic update every 2/3 years Approximately 20 profiles per year Use of common template and standard set of definitions Integrate quantitative data from existing databases –WHO, OECD, World Bank, EUROSTAT Methodological challengesHiTs

16 Wide usage Comparative analysis of experience across countries Develop options for reform Identify key experiences / in-depth analysis Facilitate country technical support Capacity building at country level Monitor content and implementation of reforms HiTs

17 Have increasingly become the standard approach to look at health systems Accepted and used by other international organizations Widely used and replicated in other regions HiTs

18

19 Key priority health system areas Systematic conceptual framework Comparaciones sub-regionales Meta-analytical research Synthesis of existing evidence Brings networks of experts 2. Analisis

20 El papel apropriado del hospital Regulacion del entrepreneurial behaviour Financiacion sanitaria : options in Europe Republicas Centro-Asiaticas 2. Analysis / Estudios Analiticos

21 2. Analisis / Estudios underway Sistemas de Seguro Sanitario en Europa Occidental Paises en accesion en Europa del Este Effective purchasing (contratacion) for health care Primary care in the driving seat

22 2. Analysis / Estudios underway Farmaceuticos Mental health Recursos Humanos Decentralizacion

23 Uptake of results and positive response Builds on, complements and works with other organizations 2. Analisis

24 3. Diseminacion Engaging with policy makers Publicaciones HiTs Observatory OUP book series Policy briefs Newsletter: Euro Observer Journal: Eurohealth Translations Journal articles

25 3. Diseminacion Engaging with policy makers Web and listserve 120,000 separate visitors in 2002 Close to 1 million visits Over 100,000 downloads List serve approx 2,400 subscribers from 98 countries

26

27 International expert conferences E.g. Annual sessions in EUPHA, EHMA, Gastein Participation in key networks National conferences & country meetings Workshops and seminars for policy makers HiT and study launches 3. Diseminacion Engaging with policy makers

28 Structure, organization and staffing Role of the Observatory partners Steering committee Project / matrix based management Secretariat / Research Directors Geographical hubs (30 staff FTE)

29

30

31 Desafios y Lecciones Desafios y Lecciones De las grandes ideas de la reforma ….. a la evidencia para la puesta en practica. Retos metodologicos –Definicion –Evaluacion de desempeño –Medicion de impacto de los sistemas Retos de diseminacion –Relevancia y objetividad

32 Desafios y Lecciones Informacion como un bien publico Crear masa critica entre organizaciones para utilizar recursos limitados Colaboracion y partnership no es solo deseable sino tambien necesario

33 The European Observatory Evidence for policy making Comparative approach Partnerships (technical, political, institutional) Expert and policy makers networks Focus on dissemination No normative / policy agenda Una filosofia fundada en la colaboracion


Descargar ppt "Observatorio Europeo sobre Sistemas Sanitarios Suszy Lessof Allicante, 26 May 2003 European Observatory on Health Care Systems www.observatory.dk."

Presentaciones similares


Anuncios Google