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Ibero-American Network of National Engineering and Hydraulic Research Institutes Roundtable Polioptro Martínez-Austria Mexican Institute of Water Technology.

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Presentación del tema: "Ibero-American Network of National Engineering and Hydraulic Research Institutes Roundtable Polioptro Martínez-Austria Mexican Institute of Water Technology."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Ibero-American Network of National Engineering and Hydraulic Research Institutes Roundtable Polioptro Martínez-Austria Mexican Institute of Water Technology Contributions of Scientific Research regarding the effects of climate change on water resources. Mexico Case Study Ibero-American Network of National Engineering and Hydraulic Research Institutes Istambul, Turkey, 03/20/2009

2 Red de Institutos Nacionales Iberoamericanos de Ingeniería e Investigación Hidráulica. V Foro Mundial del Agua, Estambul, Turquía, 20 de marzo de Observed changes during industrial era TEMPERATURE ANOMALLY RESPECT TO PERIOD NASA °c

3 Red de Institutos Nacionales Iberoamericanos de Ingeniería e Investigación Hidráulica. V Foro Mundial del Agua, Estambul, Turquía, 20 de marzo de Expected change in average runoff 2050 Change with respect to period. Assembling 12 models. Scenario A1B IPCC, 2007 Vulnerability Assessment Water scarcity Integrated Water Management Capacity Building Science Contributions

4 Red de Institutos Nacionales Iberoamericanos de Ingeniería e Investigación Hidráulica. V Foro Mundial del Agua, Estambul, Turquía, 20 de marzo de Temperature anomalies due to effects of climate change in Mexico Regionalization of global models (REA statistical method) Dec-Jan-Feb 2050s 2070s 2090s Jul-Aug-Sep

5 Red de Institutos Nacionales Iberoamericanos de Ingeniería e Investigación Hidráulica. V Foro Mundial del Agua, Estambul, Turquía, 20 de marzo de Effects on cyclonic rain and climate change in Mexico (1) Surface air temperature (°C). Average of 16 models participating in IPCC's Fourth Assessment Report for the A2 scenario, for the year 2095.

6 Red de Institutos Nacionales Iberoamericanos de Ingeniería e Investigación Hidráulica. V Foro Mundial del Agua, Estambul, Turquía, 20 de marzo de Observed Hurricane intensities Hurricanes / intensity

7 Red de Institutos Nacionales Iberoamericanos de Ingeniería e Investigación Hidráulica. V Foro Mundial del Agua, Estambul, Turquía, 20 de marzo de Hurricane destructivity Power dissipation index Año 75% MORE ENERGY DISSIPATION POWER IN LAST 30 YEARS Emanuel, 2005

8 Red de Institutos Nacionales Iberoamericanos de Ingeniería e Investigación Hidráulica. V Foro Mundial del Agua, Estambul, Turquía, 20 de marzo de Mexico's Action Plan Mexico has carried out activities for fulfilling the commitments acquired at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Articles 4.1 and 12.1). Timetable of main actions UNFCCC comes in effect 2007 Signature of UNFCCC 1998 Signature of the Kyoto Protocol 2000 Kyoto Protocol ratified UNFCCC ratified 2008

9 Red de Institutos Nacionales Iberoamericanos de Ingeniería e Investigación Hidráulica. V Foro Mundial del Agua, Estambul, Turquía, 20 de marzo de National Climate Change Strategy Strategy Objectives: To identify opportunities of the reduction of emissions and to develop mitigation projects; Recognize the vulnerability of the different sectors and competence areas and initiate projects for the development of national and local capacity building on response and adaptation; To propose lines of action, policies and strategies as a basis for developing a Special Climate Change Program. Crosscutting lines in the definition of adaptation strategies Agriculture, livestock, forestry, and fisheries Water Ecosystems Energy, industry, and services Transport and communications infrastructures Population and human settlements

10 Red de Institutos Nacionales Iberoamericanos de Ingeniería e Investigación Hidráulica. V Foro Mundial del Agua, Estambul, Turquía, 20 de marzo de Key Messages As ever in history, scientific knowledge could help to deal with one of the greather challenges facing humanity. Nevertheless it is necessary a continuous intercation with the policy makers. More funding will be necessary, if scientific institutions will contribute to risk assessment and, must important, to adaptation methods and technologies design.

11 Red de Institutos Nacionales Iberoamericanos de Ingeniería e Investigación Hidráulica. V Foro Mundial del Agua, Estambul, Turquía, 20 de marzo de Thank you Knowledge and technology for integrated water management


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