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DOPs y IOPs juntos DOPs & IOPs together. DOs Remember, a DO is the DIRECT recipient of the action of the verb in a sentence. Remember, a DO is the DIRECT.

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Presentación del tema: "DOPs y IOPs juntos DOPs & IOPs together. DOs Remember, a DO is the DIRECT recipient of the action of the verb in a sentence. Remember, a DO is the DIRECT."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 DOPs y IOPs juntos DOPs & IOPs together

2 DOs Remember, a DO is the DIRECT recipient of the action of the verb in a sentence. Remember, a DO is the DIRECT recipient of the action of the verb in a sentence. The DO is who/what gets verbed. The DO is who/what gets verbed.

3 IOs Remember, the IO is the INDIRECT recipient of the action of the verb. Remember, the IO is the INDIRECT recipient of the action of the verb. The IO is to whom/for whom something is done or happening. The IO is to whom/for whom something is done or happening.

4 DOPs me = a mí * nos = a nosotros * te = a ti * os = a vosotros * lo / la ** = a él, ella, Ud. * = inanimate object los / las ** = a ellos, ellas, Uds. * = inanimate objects

5 Remember * Personal a – Remember, when a person is the DO of a sentence it will have a personal a. Be careful! Do not confuse these with the IO! ** 3 rd person DOPs must agree in gender & number with DO!

6 IOPs me = a mí (to me) nos = a nosotros (to us) te = a ti (to you) os = a vosotros (to you all) le = a él, ella, Ud. (to him, her, you) les = a ellos, ellas, Uds. (to them, you all)

7 How do we replace both in English? I hit the ball to Alicia. What is the DO? the ball the ball What do we change the ball to in English? it it

8 How do we replace both in English? I hit the ball to Alicia. What is the IO? (to) Alicia (to) Alicia What do we change Alicia to in English? her her

9 How do we replace both in English? I hit the ball to Alicia. How does the sentence change in English? I hit it to her. I hit it to her.

10 How do we do this in Spanish? Yo bateo la pelota a vosotros. DO la pelota IO a vosotros

11 How do we do this in Spanish? Yo bateo la pelota a vosotros. How does this sentence change in Spanish? Yo os la bateo. Yo os la bateo.

12 What do we see here? Yo os la bateo. Both pronouns placed in front of the verb Both pronouns placed in front of the verb Notice the order. Which comes first? Notice the order. Which comes first?

13 Order After replacing the DO & IO with the DOP & IOP, the order will always be (subject) IOP + DOP + verb 2. (subject) verb + INF + IOP + DOP

14 Placement Remember 1 verb = 1 option 1 verb = 1 option 2 verbs = 2 options 2 verbs = 2 options

15 1 verb = 1 option Ex: Yo bateo la pelota a vosotros. Yo os la bateo.

16 2 verbs = 2 options 1 st option same as normal 1 st option same as normal Ex: Yo voy a batear la pelota a vosotros. Yo os la voy a batear.

17 2 verbs = 2 options 2 nd option attached to the INF or gerund 2 nd option attached to the INF or gerund Ex: Yo voy a batear la pelota a vosotros. Yo voy a bateárosla. **

18 2 verbs = 2 options 2 nd option attached to the INF or gerund 2 nd option attached to the INF or gerund Ex: Yo estoy bateando la pelota a vosotros. Yo estoy bateándosla. **

19 ** Now we must include a written accent mark on the end of the infinitive or gerund to keep up with accent/stress rules! Accents will be on the -a, -e, -i of the infinitve or the -a or -e of the gerund.

20 What does that mean? 1. Remember, when using the DOP or the IOP, we can attach the OPs together to the end of an infinitive or gerund! 2. Accent marks must be used when attaching both to the infinitive or gerund!

21 Examples Ex1: Ellos vendieron a mí los libros. Ellos me los vendieron Ex2: Yo tengo que comprar las toallas a ti. 1. Te las tengo que comprar. 2. Tengo que comprártelas. Ex3: Ella está dando una bañera a nosotros. 1. Nos la está dando. 2. Está dándonosla.

22 Le +lo = se lo When both the IOP & DOP are in the 3 rd person, the IOP changes to se.

23 Example Miguel Ángel receta la aspirina a José. M.A. le la receta. This changes to: M.A. se la receta.

24 Examples M.A. tiene que recetar el antibiótico a Juana. 1. M.A. se lo tiene que recetar. 2. M.A. tiene que recetárselo.

25 When does this happen? This occurs when any combination of 3 rd person DOP and 3 rd person IOP are used + le les lo / la los / las

26 Examples Ex1: Ellos vendieron a Ud. los libros. Ellos se los vendieron Ex2: Yo tengo que comprar las toallas a él. 1. Se las tengo que comprar. 2. Tengo que comprárselas. Ex3: Ella está dando una bañera a ellos. 1. Se la está dando. 2. Está dándosela.


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