2Examen pequeñoEscribe de memoria Is. 9:6-7.¿Cuáles son las dos coronas de Is. 28:1-5?¿Cómo explicas Is. 28:10-12, y qué relación tiene con I Cor. 14?¿A qué se compara Cristo en Is. 28:16?¿Cuál es la “extraña obra” de Dios en Is. 28, y qué aplicación tiene para nosotros?Extra: ¿Cuál es otro nombre para Israel en Is. 28?
3Entreguen la primera clase, con un tema social. Cartas abiertasAndres GuajardoFior Beitía
4Capítulo 32Toma en cuenta el contexto de cap. 31.v. 1 referencia mesiánica8323 שָׂרַר [sarar /saw·rar/] príncipe—si son príncipes, ¿quién es el Rey?v. 2 compara ingles-español, cada hombre o ese hombre (hijo del hombre?) Imagenes de Cristo Comp I Cor 10:4v. 3 compara con Is. 6:8-10v. 4 compara con 28:11, I Cor. 2:6-16
5v. 14 fortaleza עֹפֶל (ofel) es la ciudad de David (2 Cron. 27:3) vv. 15ss cuadro de cómo será cuando venga el Espíritu, profecía del tiempo de la iglesia, y el reino del cielo.v. 19 El bosque es de Asiria y la la ciudad es Níneve.
6City of David from south The City of DavidNo significant remains have been found from the time of Herod in the City of David (southern half of the Eastern Hill). This is largely because Emperor Hadrian had the city wiped clean of any traces of the Jews following the Second Jewish Revolt (135 A.D.).The Pool of Siloam is located on the western side of the City of David in the Central (Tyropoean) Valley. Jesus sent a blind man here to be healed (John 9).City of David from south
8Capítulo 33v. 6 compara con Prov. 1:7v. 9 Lugares de la profecías
9Caesarea and Sharon plain from southern end of Mt Carmel
10Taananim River and Sharon Plain from above Helpful Sources on the Sites in the Sharon PlainBeck, P. and M. Kochavi.1993 Aphek (in Sharon). The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land, vol. 3, ed. E. Stern. New York: Simon and Schuster.Burrell, B.; K. Gleason; and E. Netzer.1993 Uncovering Herod’s Seaside Palace. Biblical Archaeology Review 19/3: 50-57, 76.Crisler, B. C.1976 The Acoustics and Crowd Capacity of Natural Theaters in Palestine. Biblical Archaeologist 39/4:Holum, R. G. and A. Raban.1993 Caesarea. The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land, vol. 1, ed. E. Stern. New York: Simon and Schuster.Johns, C. N.1993 ‘Atlit. The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land, vol. 1, ed. E. Stern. New York: Simon and Schuster.Murphy-O’Connor, J.1998 The Holy Land: An Oxford Archaeological Guide from Earliest Times to 1700, 4th rev. ed. New York: Oxford University.Pritchard, J. B., ed.1969 Ancient Near Eastern Relating to the Old Testament, 3rd ed. with supplement. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University.Raban, A. and E. Linder.1993 ‘Atlit: Maritime ‘Atlit. The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land, vol. 1, ed. E. Stern. New York: Simon and Schuster.Richardson, P.1996 Herod: King of the Jews and Friend of the Romans. Minneapolis: Fortress.Sailhamer, J. H.1998 Biblical Archaeology. Zondervan Quick Reference Library. Grand Rapids: Zondervan.Shanks, H.1994 Caesarea Maritima Yields More Treasures. Biblical Archaeology Review 20/1: 52.Stern, E.1993a The Many Masters of Dor Part II: How Bad Was Ahab? Biblical Archaeology Review 19/2:1993b The Many Masters of Dor Part 1: When Canaanites Became Phoenician Sailors. Biblical Archaeology Review 19/1: 22-31, 76, 78.Taananim River and Sharon Plain from above
11Southern end of Mt Carmel Mount Carmel: GeographyThe name Carmel means “orchard with fruit trees and vines” (HALOT); or “plantation, garden-land” (BDB).Mt. Carmel is composed of hard limestone and thus the coast did not erode it.The chain runs northwest to southeast for nearly 15 mi and ranges from 3 to 8 mi in width with pronounced cliffs on either side.The average elevation of Mt. Carmel is 1,500 ft above sea level with its highest point reaching 1,810 ft. The elevation at Muhraqa is 1,580 ft (482 m).The area receives 32 in (80 cm) of rain due to its elevation and proximity to coast, and receives dew about 250 nights per year.Mt. Carmel National Park is the largest park in Israel.BDB = Brown, F.; S. R. Driver; and C. A. Briggs, eds.1996 The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, reprint ed. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson.Southern end of Mt Carmel
13View of Kishon brook and valley from Mt. Carmel The Kishon River is very small today, but in the early 20th century, it was the most important river after the Jordan. Boats used to come up this river, but now it is far too small.View of Kishon brook and valley from Mt. Carmel
14Mt Carmel and Mediterranean from east Jeremiah 46:18 (NIV) “‘As surely as I live,’ declares the King, whose name is the LORD Almighty, ‘one will come who is like Tabor among the mountains, like Carmel by the sea.’”Mt Carmel and Mediterranean from east
17Mt Carmel and outskirts of Haifa from south The modern city of Haifa is built on the slopes of the northwestern tip of Mt. Carmel.Mt Carmel and outskirts of Haifa from south
18Horses in pasture on Mt Carmel Jeremiah 50:19 (NIV) “But I will bring Israel back to his own pasture and he will graze on Carmel and Bashan; his appetite will be satisfied on the hills of Ephraim and Gilead.”Horses in pasture on Mt Carmel
19Mt Carmel south of Wadi Oren Amos 9:3 (NIV) “Though they hide themselves on the top of Carmel, there I will hunt them down and seize them. Though they hide from me at the bottom of the sea, there I will command the serpent to bite them.”Mt Carmel south of Wadi Oren
20Cows of Bashan Cows of Bashan Psalm 22:12 (ESV) “Many bulls encompass me; strong bulls of Bashan surround me.”Cows of Bashan
21Oaks of Bashan Oaks of Bashan Isaiah 2:13 (KJV) “And upon all the cedars of Lebanon, that are high and lifted up, and upon all the oaks of Bashan...”Oaks of Bashan
22vv. 14ss compara con Sal. 15:1ss v. 17 referencia mesiánica?v. 21 El Señor como un río, proveyendo las ventajas pero no las desventajas de un río, como Jerusalén no tiene uno.v. 22 tres papeles del Mesíasv. 24 Otro pasaje de Sión
23Capítulo 34-35Muchas de las consecuencias para Edom aqui vienen como recompensa por sus acciones contra Israel, y Dios se venga por Israel.35:3 compara con Heb. 12:12, y los contextosv. 5 compara con Mat. 9:27, 32, 11:5, Marcos 7:32, 37; 9:25vv Cuadro mesiánico, quizás escatológico, o del milenio.
24Bozrah from north Bozrah from north Scripture References to Bozrah The modern city of Buseirah preserves the name and location of ancient Bozrah.Bozrah was the ancient capital of the Edomites (cf. Isa 34:6; 63:1; Jer 49:13).Bozrah was the residence of Jobab, one of the kings of Edom that ruled before Israel had a king (Gen 36:33; 1 Chr 1:44). An appendix to the Book of Job in the Septuagint equates this Jobab with Job, probably erroneously. At least one of Job’s counselors is an Edomite: Eliphaz the Temanite (Job 2:11, 4:1; Gen 36:11, 15).In Amos’ oracle, Edom is charged with pursuing and destroying his brother with the sword (Amos 1:11-12). It is uncertain, however, which of the many wars between Israel/Judah and Edom Amos had in mind when he gave the prophecy (c. 760 B.C.). Edom had revolted from Judah about 100 years prior to Amos’ writing (c. 845 B.C., 2 Ki 8:20-22). Following this revolt, they may have joined an alliance with the Philistines and Arabs to attack Jerusalem (2 Chr 21:16-17).To describe the eschatological triumph of the Lord over his enemies, and his coming in judgment, Isaiah utilizes the contemporaneous imminent judgment that Edom/Bozrah face with the coming of the Lord:“For the Lord has a sword…the Lord has a sacrifice in Bozrah, a great slaughter in the land of Edom” (Isa 34:1-8)“Who is this that comes from Edom, in crimsoned garments from Bozrah, he that is glorious in his apparel, marching in the greatness of his strength? ... I have trodden the wine press alone...” (Isa 63:1-6)At first Edom thought it would be spared from destruction by the Babylonians: “…will you go unpunished?” (Jer 49:7-22, esp. 12, 13, 22). Jeremiah assured Edom that judgment was yet to come, and it did with the last Babylonian King Nabonidus ( B.C.).Archaeology of Buseiah (Bozrah)The earliest significant remains at Buseireh are from 800 B.C.Bozrah has the largest Iron Age buildings from Transjordan, and it may have been the king’s palace.“The excavations at Buseirah have disclosed a large city enclosed by strong fortifications in the form of casemate walls with salients and re-entrants—a true Iron Age biblical city….The archaeological evidence for Buseirah being a capital city of Edom, and to be equated with biblical Bozrah, is overwhelming, but, the detailed study of the pottery and associated artifacts precludes any possibility of the site being of importance until the resurgence of the Assyrians” (Bennett 1986: 82-83).“The epigraphic material discovered so far, slight as it is, is yet of importance because of the paucity of any inscribed material from Edom….It suffices to say here that the ostraca, graffiti, and seal impressions bear out the assertion that the main floruit of Bozrah was from the end of the 8th century B.C. to the end of the succeeding century” (Bennett 1986: 83).Bozrah from north
25Ein Parat with tree and running water The Lord told Jeremiah to hide his loincloth at prt (Hebrew), a place which was translated as “Euphrates River” in the King James Version (Jer 13:5). A better translation for this is “Parat/Perath,” which is a spring a few miles from Jerusalem (pictured above). It does not make sense that Jeremiah would travel the very long distance (350 miles each way) to the Euphrates River twice, especially when this nearby spring fits the context well. The NIV and NET Bible translate it “Perath,” but the NASB and ESV follow the KJV. The NET Bible note on Jeremiah 13:5 has good additional information (seeEin Parat with tree and running water
26Ein Parat running water Isaiah 35:7 (KJV) “And the parched ground shall become a pool, and the thirsty land springs of water: in the habitation of dragons, where each lay, shall be grass with reeds and rushes.”Ein Parat running water