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Los Verbos Reflexivos Avancemos 2 – Unidad 2 Lección 2.

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Presentación del tema: "Los Verbos Reflexivos Avancemos 2 – Unidad 2 Lección 2."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Los Verbos Reflexivos Avancemos 2 – Unidad 2 Lección 2

2 What is a Reflexive Verb? A reflexive verb is a verb that uses a reflexive pronoun. The reflexive pronoun shows that the subject receives the action of the verb while at the same time completing the action of the verb. In other words, many reflexive verbs are actions that a person does to or for themselves.

3 To say that people do something to or for themselves you use reflexive verbs.

4 For example washing ones hands lavarse las manos and brushing ones teeth cepillarse los dientes are reflexive actions because the person doing the action ALSO receives the action.

5 How do you know a verb is reflexive? It ends in se in the infinitive form. ducharse cepillarse afeitarse

6 How is a Reflexive verb conjugated? In the infinitive form of reflexive verbs, the reflexive pronoun attaches to the end of the verb. Examples: bañarse – to bathe oneself lavarse – to wash oneself cepillarse los dientes – to brush ones teeth

7 Subject Reflexive Pronoun Translation All reflexive verbs are used with a reflexive pronoun. Each reflexive pronoun matches up with the subject pronoun that it reflects yo él/ella/usted me tú myself nosotros ellos/ellas ustedes te se nos se yourself himself/herself/ itself/yourself ourselves themselves, yourselves, each other

8 When you conjugate reflexive verbs, you should conjugate the verb normally and place the pronoun BEFORE the conjugated verb. me te se nos os se Here are the reflexive pronouns:

9 ***You still conjugate the verb as you would normally do, now you just add a reflexive pronoun before it. Bañarse – to take a bath/to bathe oneself. Yo me baño Tú te bañas Él/ella/usted se baña Nosotros nos bañamos Ellos/ellas/ustedes se bañan

10 Many reflexive verbs are translated into English with the word get like vestirse to get dressed or arreglarse to get ready (presentable)

11 REFLEXIVE vs NON-REFLEXIVE Some verbs can be reflexive AND non reflexive. However, they can have small but important changes in meaning when they become reflexive. NOT REFLEXIVE MeaningREFLEXIVEMeaning dormirto sleepdormirseto fall asleep quitarto take awayquitarseto take off acostarto put to bedacostarseto go to bed levantarto raise, liftlevantarseto get up llamarto callllamarseto be called ponerto putponerseto put on quedarto be left overquedarseto remain, to stay

12 Here we are seeing the difference between a reflexive verb and a non reflexive verb. Ana Juan Claudia NON REFLEXIVE REFLEXIVE

13 Claudia is getting her hair cut BY Ana. She is NOT doing the action TO HERSELF so the non reflexive verb cortar is used. Ana Juan Claudia NON REFLEXIVE REFLEXIVE Ana corta el pelo.

14 Juan is cutting HIS OWN hair. He is doing the action TO HIMSELF so the reflexive verb cortarse is used. Ana Juan Claudia NON REFLEXIVE REFLEXIVE Ana corta el pelo. Juan se corta el pelo.

15 Julia Choose which is reflexive? A B Ana Letter A is reflexive because Ana is combing her own hair. Ana se peina el pelo. In letterB Julia is combing Anas hair. Julia peina el pelo de Ana.

16 A B Laura Juana Lina Choose which is reflexive? Letter B is reflexive because Lina is painting her own nails. Lina se pinta las uñas. In letter A Juana is painting Lauras nails. Juana pinta las uñas de Laura.

17 A B Paco Choose which is reflexive? Letter B is reflexive because Paco is washing his (own) hands. Paco se lava las manos. In letter A Paco is washing dishes. He is not doing the action to himself. Paco lava los platos.

18 Where does the reflexive pronoun go? In the present tense and other simple (single word) tenses it goes in front of the conjugated verb. Yomepeino.

19 Where does the reflexive pronoun go? When a reflexive verb follows a conjugated verb (I want to shower) (I am going to shower), use the correct reflexive pronoun with the infinitive. You can ATTACH the pronoun to the infinitive: Ex: A que hora quieres despertarte? (What time do you want to wake up?) You can also place the reflexive pronoun BEFORE the conjugated verb. Ex: Me quiero despertar a las siete. (I want to wake up at seven.)

20 Where does the reflexive pronoun go? With infinitives it can go in front of the conjugated verb, Yo voy a vestir. Yo voy a vestir me me. or attached to the end of the infinitive.

21 Where does the reflexive pronoun go? It is the same with present participles (ing verbs ending in ando, iendo or endo ). Yo estoy duchando. Estoy duchando me me. It can go in front of the conjugated verb, or attached to the end of the present participle.

22 *A NOTE TO REMEMBER *Since the reflexive pronoun tells what a person is doing to himself, it is not necessary to use a possessive pronoun (my, yours, his, her, etc.) when referring to body parts. LAS Yo me lavo LAS manos NOT Yo me lavo MIS manos Since the ME in this sentence says that I am washing myself…it is already clear that I am washing MY hands.

23 Many reflexive verbs are used to talk about your morning grooming routine as you get ready for the day and at night when you are getting ready for bed.

24 Práctica con los verbos reflexivos

25 (Pablo)*despertarse Luz se despierta a las siete.

26 (Tú) levantarse (temprano) Tú te levantas temprano.

27 (Usted) ducharse Usted se ducha en la ducha. la ducha

28 (Nosotros) bañarse Nos bañamos en la bañadera. la bañadera

29 (Yo) lavarse el pelo Yo me lavo el pelo. el pelo

30 (Ellas) lavarse las manos Ellas se lavan las manos. las manos

31 (Ana) afeitarse Ana se afeita las piernas. las piernas

32 (Ustedes) secarse la toalla Ustedes se secan con la toalla.

33 (Ellos) afeitarse Ellos se afeitan la barba. la barba

34 (Nosotros) cepillarse los dientes Nosotros nos cepillamos los dientes.

35 (Diego) secarse el pelo el secador Diego se seca el pelo con el secador.

36 (Usted) arreglarse Usted se arregla el pelo. el pelo

37 (Él) *ponerse el desodorante. Él se pone el desodorante.

38 (Nosotros) * vestirse. Nosotros nos vestimos.

39 (Nosotros) ponerse la ropa la ropa. Nos ponemos la ropa.

40 (Yo ) maquillarse el maquillaje. Me maquillo con el maquillaje.

41 (Usted ) mirarse el espejo. Usted se mira en el espejo.

42 (Yo) * ponerse el perfume. Yo me pongo el perfume. el agua de colonia

43 (Él) cortarse el pelo Él se corta el pelo.

44 (Ellas) pintarse las uñas Ellas se pintan las uñas. las uñas

45 (Tú) prepararse Tú te preparas.

46 (los alumnos)* despedirse Los alumnos se despiden.

47 (Ustedes) *acostarse Ustedes se acuestan a las once.

48 Finally, other common reflexive verbs that do not have to do with morning and evening (grooming) routines are: llamarse-to be called (used to tell your name) *divertirse -to have fun enojarse-to get angry equivocarse-to be mistaken fijarse (en) -to notice, to pay attention (to) olvidarse (de)-to forget quejarse-to complain *sentarse-to sit down *sentirse-to feel

49 REPASO DE VOCABULARIO

50 Despertarse

51 Levantarse

52 Ducharse. la ducha

53 Bañarse la bañadera

54 Lavarse el pelo.

55 Lavarse las manos.

56 Afeitarse las piernas.

57 la toalla Secarse

58 Afeitarse la barba.

59 Cepillarse los dientes

60 el secador Secarse el pelo

61 el desodorante. Ponerse el desodorante.

62 . Vestirse/Ponerse la ropa

63 el maquillaje. Maquillarse con el maquillaje

64 el espejo. Mirarse en el espejo

65 el perfume. Ponerse el perfume el agua de colonia

66 Cortarse el pelo

67 Pintarase las uñas. las uñas

68 Prepararse/Arreglarse

69 Despedirse

70 Acostarse

71 FIN


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