2What is a Reflexive Verb? A reflexive verb is a verb that uses a reflexive pronoun.The reflexive pronoun shows that the subject receives the action of the verb while at the same time completing the action of the verb.In other words, many reflexive verbs are actions that a person does to or for themselves.
3To say that people do something to or for themselves you use reflexive verbs.
4For example washing one’s hands lavarse las manos and brushing one’s teethcepillarse los dientesare reflexive actions because the person doing the action ALSO receives the action.
5ducharse cepillarse afeitarse How do you know a verb is reflexive? It ends in “se” in the infinitive form.ducharsecepillarseafeitarse
6How is a Reflexive verb conjugated? In the infinitive form of reflexive verbs, the reflexive pronoun attaches to the end of the verb.Examples:bañarse – to bathe oneselflavarse – to wash oneselfcepillarse los dientes – to brush one’s teeth
7All reflexive verbs are used with a reflexive pronoun. Each reflexive pronoun matches up with the subject pronoun that it “reflects”SubjectReflexivePronounTranslationyomemyselfyourselftútehimself/herself/itself/yourselfél/ella/ustedsenosotrosnosourselvesthemselves, yourselves,each otherseellos/ellas ustedes
8nos os se te se Here are the reflexive pronouns: When you conjugate reflexive verbs, you should conjugate the verb normally and place the pronoun BEFORE the conjugated verb.Here are the reflexive pronouns:metesenos os se
9Ellos/ellas/ustedes se bañan ***You still conjugate the verb as you would normally do, now you just add a reflexive pronoun before it. Bañarse – to take a bath/to bathe oneself.Yo me bañoTú te bañasÉl/ella/usted se bañaNosotros nos bañamosEllos/ellas/ustedes se bañan
10vestirse arreglarse to get dressed or to get ready (presentable) Many reflexive verbs are translatedinto English with the word “get” likevestirseto get dressedorarreglarseto get ready (presentable)
11REFLEXIVE vs NON-REFLEXIVE Some verbs can be reflexive AND non reflexive. However, they can have small but important changes in meaning when they become reflexive.NOT REFLEXIVEMeaningREFLEXIVEdormirto sleepdormirseto fall asleepquitarto take awayquitarseto take offacostarto put to bedacostarseto go to bedlevantarto raise, liftlevantarseto get upllamarto callllamarseto be calledponerto putponerseto put onquedarto be left overquedarseto remain,to stay
12Here we are seeing the difference between a reflexive verb and a non reflexive verb.AnaJuanClaudiaNON REFLEXIVEREFLEXIVE
13Claudia is getting her hair cut BY Ana Claudia is getting her hair cut BY Ana. She is NOT doing the action TO HERSELF so the non reflexive verb “cortar” is used.Ana corta el pelo.AnaJuanClaudiaNON REFLEXIVEREFLEXIVE
14Juan is cutting HIS OWN hair Juan is cutting HIS OWN hair. He is doing the action TO HIMSELF so the reflexive verb “cortarse” is used.Ana corta el pelo.Juan se corta el pelo.AnaJuanClaudiaNON REFLEXIVEREFLEXIVE
15B A Choose which is reflexive? Letter “A” is reflexive because Ana is combing her own hair.Ana se peina el pelo.In letter”B”Julia is combing Ana’s hair.Julia peina el pelo de Ana.AJuliaAnaAna
16B A Choose which is reflexive? Letter “B” is reflexive because Lina is painting her own nails.Lina se pinta las uñas.In letter ”A”Juana is painting Laura’s nails.Juana pinta las uñas de Laura.JuanaLauraLina
17B A Choose which is reflexive? Letter “B” is reflexive because Paco is washing his (own) hands.Paco se lava las manos.In letter ”A”Paco is washing dishes. He is not doing the action to himself.Paco lava los platos .PacoPaco
18Yo me peino. Where does the reflexive pronoun go? In the present tense and other simple (single word) tenses it goes in front of the conjugated verb.Yomepeino.
19Where does the reflexive pronoun go? When a reflexive verb follows a conjugated verb (I want to shower) (I am going to shower), use the correct reflexive pronoun with the infinitive.You can ATTACH the pronoun to the infinitive:Ex: A que hora quieres despertarte?(What time do you want to wake up?)You can also place the reflexive pronoun BEFORE the conjugated verb.Ex: Me quiero despertar a las siete.(I want to wake up at seven.)
20Yo voy a vestir. me Yo voy a vestir me. Where does the reflexive pronoun go?With infinitives it can go in front of the conjugated verb,or attached to the end of the infinitive.Yo voy a vestir.meYo voy a vestirme.
21Yo estoy duchando. me Estoy duchando me. Where does the reflexive pronoun go?It is the same with present participles(“ing” verbs ending in ando, iendo or endo ).It can go in front of the conjugated verb,or attached to the end of thepresent participle.Yo estoy duchando.meEstoy duchandome.
22*A NOTE TO REMEMBER*Since the reflexive pronoun tells what a person is doing to himself, it is not necessary to use a possessive pronoun (my, yours, his, her, etc.) when referring to body parts.Yo me lavo LAS manos NOT Yo me lavo MIS manosSince the ME in this sentence says that I am washing myself…it is already clear that I am washing MY hands.
23Many reflexive verbs are used to talk about your morning grooming routine as you get ready for the dayand at night when you are getting ready for bed.
46Los alumnos se despiden. (los alumnos)*despedirseLos alumnos se despiden.
47Ustedes se acuestan a las once. (Ustedes) *acostarseUstedes se acuestan a las once.
48Finally, other common reflexive verbs that do not have to do with morning and evening (grooming) routines are:llamarse-to be called (used to tell your name)enojarse-to get angryquejarse-to complainequivocarse-to be mistakenfijarse (en) -to notice, to pay attention (to)olvidarse (de)-to forget*sentarse-to sit down*sentirse-to feel*divertirse -to have fun