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Los verbos reflexivos Apuntes de gramática. What are reflexive verbs? Reflexive verbs are used when people are doing things to or for themselves (i.e.

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Presentación del tema: "Los verbos reflexivos Apuntes de gramática. What are reflexive verbs? Reflexive verbs are used when people are doing things to or for themselves (i.e."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Los verbos reflexivos Apuntes de gramática

2 What are reflexive verbs? Reflexive verbs are used when people are doing things to or for themselves (i.e. combing ones hair, brushing ones teeth). We use reflexive pronouns with reflexive verbs to show that the action is being done to the sentences subject. Reflexive verbs are conjugated like any other verbs. The only difference is that we add a reflexive pronoun.

3 Reflexive Pronouns Here are the subject/reflexive pronoun pairs: Yo: Me Tú: Te Él/Ella/Ud.: Se Nosotros/as: Nos Vosotros/as: Os Ellos/Ellas/Uds.: Se

4 Ejemplo: Esconderse (To hide oneself) Yo me escondo I hide myself Nosotros/as nos escondemos We hide ourselves Tú te escondes You (familiar) hide yourself Vosotros os escondéis You all (familiar) hide yourselves Él/Ella/Ud. se esconde He/She hides himself/herself You (formal) hide yourself Ellos/Ellas/Uds. se esconden They hide themselves You all (formal) hide yourselves

5 Reflexive vs. Non-reflexive Verbs Many verbs can be used with or without a reflexive pronoun. If there is no reflexive pronoun, the sentences subject is not receiving the action of the verb. Ejemplos: Yo me escondo.I hide myself. (I am doing AND receiving the action of the verb.) Yo escondo el libro.I hide the book. (I am doing the hiding, but the book is receiving the action.)

6 Reflexive Verbs and Verb Meanings Some verbs have different meanings when we add a reflexive pronoun Ejemplos: Dormir: To sleep Dormirse: To fall asleep Ir: To goIrse: To leave, to go away Poner: To put, to placePonerse: To put on clothes

7 Una Lista de Verbos Reflexivos AburrirseTo get bored Asustarse deTo be scared of CansarseTo get tired Darse cuenta deTo realize Despedirse (e i, i) deTo say good-bye to Disculparse (con / por)To apologize (to / for) Divertirse (e ie, i)To have fun; enjoy oneself Enojarse conTo get angry with

8 Portarse bien / malTo behave well / badly Preocuparse porTo be worried about Reírse (e i, i)To laugh ReunirseTo get together Sentarse (e ie)To sit down Sentirse (e ie, i)To feel Sonreírse (e i, i)To smile

9 Práctica Instrucciones: Llena los espacios, usando el pretérito. 1.Yo _____________ (darse) cuenta de que hoy es martes. 2.Marta ___________ (portarse) mal en el supermercado. 3.Gilberto y yo ______________ (aburrirse) en la clase de ciencias. 4.Vosotros _________________ (enojarse) con Juana. 5.Hilaria y Gabriela _____________ (asustarse) de la oscuridad. 6.Tú _______________ (divertirse) en la fiesta. 7.Nosotras _________________ (reunirse) con nuestras amigos. 8.Yo __________________ (sentarse) en mi silla. 9.Raquel __________________ (despedirse) de su hermano. 10.Ustedes ______________________ (cansarse) durante la escuela hoy.

10 Práctica Instrucciones: Escribe las frases en español. 1.I apologized to my sister. 2.Elena got angry with Pablo. 3.Francisco and Roberto got bored with their toys. 4.We said good-bye to our friends. 5.You (fam.) got tired during the movie. 6.All of you behaved badly yesterday. 7.I got together with Octavio last week. 8.I told jokes and Horacio laughed.


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