91Reflexive VerbsVerbs that show the subject of the sentence both does and receives the action of the verb. Think of a reflexive verb as a mirror. The person in the mirror does the action and has the action done to them.
92lavarse -to wash oneself Me lavo Nos lavamos Te lavas Os laváis Reflexive Verbs are used with reflexive pronouns when the subject of the sentence is the same as the object. Notice the conjugations are regular.lavarse-to wash oneselfMe lavoNos lavamosTe lavasOs laváisSe lavaSe lavan
93Reflexive VerbsMany verbs can be used with or without reflexive pronouns. When there is no reflexive pronoun, the person doing the action does not receive the action.Anita se lava.Anita washes herself. (reflexive)Anita lava los platos.Anita washes the dishes. (not reflexive)
94Reflexive VerbsDo NOT use possessive adjectives with reflexive verbs. Use definite articles instead (el, la, los, las).Anita se lava la cara.Anita is washing her face.
95Reflexive VerbsWhen an infinitive follows a conjugated verb, the reflexive pronoun can be placed BEFORE the conjugated verb, or attached to the infinitive.Me voy a acostar a las once.I am going to go to bed at eleven.Voy a acostarme a las once.
96Reflexive VerbsSome verbs have different meanings when used reflexively.Dormir – to sleep dormirse – to fall asleepPoner – to put, place ponerse – to put on (clothes)
98The present progressive Used to say that an action is in progress at this moment.In English it is identified by –ing at the end of the verb.I am walking the dog.She is studying Spanish.We are eating tacos.They are listening to Juanes.
99How to form:To form the Present Progressive, use the present tense of estar + a present participle.Estoy , estás, está, estamos, estánThe present participle is formed by dropping the infinitive ending (-ar, -er, ir) and adding –ando (-ar verbs) and –iendo (-er and –ir verbs).Hablar –ar +ando = hablandoEscribir –ir + iendo = escribiendoBeber –er + iendo = bebiendo
100Putting them together: Form of estar +Present participleYo estoyTú estásÉl, ella, Usted estáNosotros estamosVosotros estáisEllos, Ellas Ustedes estánHablar -> hablandoEscribir -> escribiendoJugar -> jugandoBailar -> bailandoCantar -> cantandoVivir -> viviendoI am talking to Profe. We are dancing the Macarena.You are writing a letter. You (pl) are singing Wavin’ Flag.He is playing tenis. They (m) are living in Mexico.She is playing basketball. They (f) are living in Chicago.You (formal) are playing volleyball. You (pl) are living in the U.S.
101Vowel changes Leer – leindo = leyendo Traer – traiendo = trayendo When the stem of an –er or –ir verb ends in a vowel, change the –iendo to –yendoLeer – leindo = leyendoTraer – traiendo = trayendo
102E -> I stem-changing verbs The e-i stem-changing verbs have a vowel change in the stem.Pedir -> pidiendoServir -> sirviendoVestir -> vistiendoSome other verbs also have vowel changes in the stem.Decir -> diciendoVenir -> viniendoDormir -> durmiendo
103When using pronouns…Place pronouns BEFORE the conjugated form of estar or ATTACH them to the end of the present participle.Add an accent when you attach a pronoun.I am getting dressed.Me estoy vistiendo.Estoy vistiéndome.I am brushing my teeth.You are washing your face.They are waking up at 10:00.