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¿Pretérito o Imperfecto? Spanish has two basic ways to talk about the past: Preterite Imperfect There are also others you would learn about in later Spanish.

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Presentación del tema: "¿Pretérito o Imperfecto? Spanish has two basic ways to talk about the past: Preterite Imperfect There are also others you would learn about in later Spanish."— Transcripción de la presentación:

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2 ¿Pretérito o Imperfecto? Spanish has two basic ways to talk about the past: Preterite Imperfect There are also others you would learn about in later Spanish courses. In this slide show, well look at some the differences in how each tense in used.

3 Pretérito Lets review some of the main uses of the preterite. This verb tense is used when we talk about a past action that happened one time OR interrupted something already going on OR was the beginning of an event OR was the end of an event.

4 Past actions that happen once Juan se levantó a las 6:00. Gloria llegó tarde a la clase. Fui a España el verano pasado. ¿Hiciste la tarea?

5 Interruptions El teléfono sonó [rang] mientras [while] yo dormía.

6 The beginning of an event Cristóbal Colón llegó a las Américas en La película empezó a las 3:00.

7 The end of an event Terminé el proyecto a la medianoche. Los osos de Chicago ganaron el campeonato de futbol americano.

8 Imperfecto Next lets review some of the main uses of the imperfect. This verb tense is used when we talk about a past action that happened many times OR was in progress (was …ing) OR described a condition. OR -ed / used to

9 -aba-ábamos -abas-abáis -aba-aban -AR

10 -ER/-IR -ía-íamos -ías-íais -ía-ían

11 Repeated or habitual actions in the past Don Diego fumaba puros [cigars] cubanos. Cuando yo tenia 15 anos, vivia en Miami.

12 Past action in progress A las 3:00, los estudiantes escuchaban mientras la profesora hablaba. El teléfono sonó [rang] mientras [while] yo dormía. ¿Qué hacías ayer a las 4:00?

13 Description of a condition Heres an acronym to help you organize descriptions in the past: AL WEPT

14 A: age, attitude, appearance Cuando yo tenía 15 años… …no me gustaba comer zanahorias. De niña, Marta era muy alta.

15 AL WEPT L: location La chica acampaba en el bosque. Estaba allí dos semanas.

16 AL WEPT W: weather Hacía muy mal tiempo durante mis vacaciones.

17 AL WEPT E: Events (habitual) Yo iba a los partidos de baloncesto.

18 AL WEPT P: physical attributes Mi padre era muy alto y mi madre era muy baja.

19 AL WEPT T: time Eran las 4:00 y todos teníamos mucha hambre.

20 Thats all, folks! Preterite one-time past event OR interruption OR the beginning or end of an event. Imperfect Repeated/habitual past action OR described a condition. was in progress (was …ing) OR


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